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Notes de l'Ifri

Madagascar, gérer l'héritage de la transition

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, novembre 2014

Les espoirs placés dans le président Hery Rajaonarimampianina, ou que les acteurs et observateurs ont voulu voir en lui après la désillusion des cinq années de transition, ont rapidement été...

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Le Moyen-Orient face à Daech

Denis BAUCHARD

Note de l'Ifri, octobre 2014

Par rapport aux autres mouvements djihadistes, Daech représente une mutation : il s’en distingue non seulement dans le degré de violence mais par sa nature même, avec comme objectif la formation d’un homme ...

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Gas Strategy of China: Developing competition between national production and imports

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'Ifri, October 2014

 Executive summary The Chinese gas market is facing four key challenges and the government is elaborating responses which will have implications for the Chinese and world energy markets: - Enabling the development of gas demand in order to...

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The Cost of Renewable Energy Sources

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, September 2014

SummaryRenewable energy are experiencing a dramatic growth worldwide. Although the generation of electricity from renewable sources requires a relatively high investment per unit of capacity, the study shows that, under optimal conditions, some of...

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Emerging Markets and Migration Policy : China

Frank N. PIEKE,

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - July 2014

China is known for its large pool of labour force as well as for having the largest diaspora in the world. Nevertheless, China’s economic growth is at the source of a new demographic trend: following a 2010 census, there are more than 1...

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Gas in Mozambique a High-risk Economic Revolution

Benjamin AUGE

Note de l'Ifri, juin 2014

  Since oil was discovered in Uganda in 2006, East Africa has been an arena for a race in the exploration for hydro-carbons. Yet the oil reserves in Uganda, the more recent and modest ones in Kenya and the few pockets of gas in Ethiopia are on...

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L'aide de l'Union européenne : du développement à la sécurité, l'exemple du Fonds européen de développement

Dominique LECOMPTE, Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, juin 2014

  Au fil de son développement institutionnel et de la multiplication de ses activités, l’Union européenne (UE) a eu tendance à empiler plutôt qu’à rationaliser ses politiques, en...

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Do Companies Get a Say in French Migration Policy Making?

Emma BROUGHTON

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - May 2014

This paper investigates the role given to economic actors in the definition of migration policies in France. In the early 2000s, Nicolas Sarkozy advocated for a policy of “chosen immigration” (“immigration choisie”) whose...

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Le trafic de faux médicaments en Afrique de l'Ouest : filières d'approvisionnement et réseaux de distribution (Nigeria, Bénin, Togo, Ghana)

Camille NIAUFRE

Note de l'Ifri, mai 2014

[Consultez le résumé de cette note sur le blog du programme Afrique Décryptages] Le 13 décembre 2013, sur une initiative d’Interpol, la toute première Conférence africaine sur la criminalité...

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Ukraine : la crise commence

Corentin BRUSTLEIN, Dominique DAVID, Etienne de DURAND, Thomas GOMART, Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN, Laurence NARDON, Vivien PERTUSOT

Note de l'Ifri, 20 mai 2014

Sept chercheurs de l'Ifri dressent le meilleur panorama possible d'une crise qui annonce  un véritable basculement. Introduction par Dominique DAVID Il y aura un avant et un après. En Ukraine, en Russie, dans toute...

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L'Europe et l'Énergie : un contrat à refonder d'urgence

Cécile MAISONNEUVE

Note de l'Ifri, April 2014

« L’on en est encore, après dix-sept ans de supranationalité, à chercher comment définir une politique commune de l’énergie, et laquelle. (…) Pouvait-on faire plus en une...

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Le gaz au Mozambique, une évolution économique à haut risque

Benjamin AUGE

Note de l'Ifri, avril 2014

  [Lire le résumé de cette note sur le blog du programme Afrique Décryptages] Depuis les découvertes pétrolières en Ouganda en 2006, l’Afrique de l’Est est le théâtre...

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Brazil and International Migrations in the Twenty-first Century: Flows and Policies

Duval Fernandes, Maria da Consolação Gomes de Castro & Silvana Pena Knup,

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - March 2014

The second half of the XXth century is a unique stage in the history of Brazilian migrations: the attractiveness of Brazil as a country of immigration declines, due to economic hardships and a shift in public perceptions of migrants, who are...

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La recomposition de la politique étrangère turque en Afrique subsaharienne. Entre diplomatie publique et acteurs privés

Gabrielle ANGEY

Note de l'Ifri, mars 2014

[Consultez le résumé de cette note en post de blog sur Afrique Décryptages] La présence économique et diplomatique de la Turquie en Afrique est méconnue. Elle participe d'une tendance forte de ces vingt...

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Le boom minier au Sahel. Un développement durable ?

Alain ANTIL

Note de l'Ifri, février 2014

Le Sahel, souvent présenté pour ses difficultés et ses crises – avec en particulier l’actuelle crise malienne – vit pourtant, à l’image du reste du continent africain, une nouvelle ère...

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Le Maghreb dans la politique arabe de la Turquie - Aperçus sur une stratégie en développement

Mansouria MOKHEFI

Note de l'Ifri, janvier 2014

Pays passé en moins d’un siècle du statut d’empire vieillissant à celui de république laïque moderne et orientée vers l’Occident, la Turquie est entrée dans le XXIe siècle en ...

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Governing the Geostationary Orbit: Orbital Slots and Spectrum Use in an Era of Interference

Guilhem PENENT

Note de l'Ifri, January 2014

Executive Summary Outer space, particularly in the telecommunication sector, is benefiting and becoming accessible to more and more actors. But with this trend comes also a reality that is every day more compelling: no meaningful development...

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Gaz de schiste en Pologne, au Royaume-Uni, et au Danemark : vers un modèle européen ?

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'Ifri, January 2014

Depuis le développement fulgurant des gaz de schiste aux Etats-Unis, un intérêt croissant a été porté à leur potentiel en dehors de l’Amérique du Nord, même s’il...

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Les panneaux publicitaires à Abidjan: miroirs des marques, marqueurs des consommations

Hélène QUENOT-SUAREZ

Publicité, consommation et banalisation culturelle dans une Afrique en croissance

Etude de l'Ifri, décembre 2013 Avec 5 % de croissance de son PIB en moyenne ces dernières années, le continent africain, longtemps méprisé par les investisseurs et les observateurs économiques...

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Le Maghreb face au poids de la sphère informelle

Abderrahmane MEBTOUL

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2013

L’intégration du secteur informel ne peut être réalisée sans l’existence d’un Etat de droit et elle nécessite une cohérence des politiques de développement, qui s’impose plus...

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Contribution au débat sur la colocalisation au Maghreb

Mihoub MEZOUAGHI

Note de l'Ifri novembre 2013

Le discours sur la « colocalisation » est chargé de bonnes intentions à l’attention des pays du sud de la Méditerranée qui, depuis quelques années, réclament avec insistance une...

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The Impact of the Development of Shale Gas in the United States on Europa's Petrochemical Industries

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'Ifri, November 2013

Summary The shale gas revolution has led to strong falls in energy prices, reducing significantly the raw material costs of the US petrochemical industry. Between 2008 and 2012, US gas prices fell by two thirds. Ethane comes from natural gas...

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Year 2 of Germany's Energy Transition

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, November 2013

After a decade characterised by the take-off of renewable energies, Germany decided in 2010 to make them the top priority. At the same time, it decided to make exemplary efforts in terms of energy efficiency and the reduction of greenhouse gases....

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Impact du développement des gaz de schiste aux États-Unis sur la pétrochimie européenne

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'Ifri, October 2013

Executive Summary La révolution des gaz de schiste a fait chuter les prix de l’énergie, réduisant significativement le coût de la matière première utilisée par la pétrochimie...

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Les systèmes de santé en Algérie, au Maroc et en Tunisie : Des transitions inachevées

Michel LEGROS, Farid CHAOUI

Septembre 2013

Pénuries fréquentes de médicaments, dépenses non remboursées, distances trop longues en milieu rural pour accéder à des services de soins, vétusté et inadaptation de certains...

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Syrie : la bascule diplomatique

Denis BAUCHARD, Mansouria MOKHEFI, Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES, Laurence NARDON, Julien NOCETTI, Vivien PERTUSOT, Dorothée SCHMID

Note de l'Ifri, septembre 2013 (Décryptage de la crise syrienne par les chercheurs de l'Ifri)

La lassitude de l’horreur l’en avait chassée : une horreur plus grande ramène la guerre civile syrienne aux premières pages de nos journaux et sur le devant de la scène diplomatique. Les enjeux, chacun le...

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L'éducation au Maghreb : promesses et défis

Abdeljalil AKKARI

Juillet 2013

  Cette étude retrace le développement des systèmes éducatifs au Maghreb et les principaux défis auxquels ils sont confrontés depuis les indépendances et établit les liens entre les...

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La Sonatrach, un État dans l'État?

HOCINE MALTI

Juillet 2013

L’exploitation du pétrole, ressource naturelle non renouvelable devenue la sève de l’économie mondiale, génère des profits qui s’élèvent à des milliards de dollars et...

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L'eau au Maghreb : contraintes, défis et perspectives

Eugenia FERRAGINA et Giovanni CANITANO

Juillet 2013

La situation de l’eau au Maghreb a longtemps été soumise à de fortes pressions liées aux politiques publiques, aux transformations démo-graphiques et économiques, et plus récemment, aux...

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Le tournant énergétique allemand: année N+2

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, July 2013

Summary Au terme d'une décennie marquée par le décollage des énergies renouvelables sur son sol, l'Allemagne a décidé en 2010 de leur accorder la prééminence, et d'accomplir...

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L'un plus égal que l'autre ? Les relations économiques entre l'Afrique du Sud et la Chine depuis 1994

Vincent DARRACQ

Note de l'Ifri, juillet 2013

La Chine est devenue en 2010 le principal partenaire économique de l’Afrique du Sud, devant ses partenaires habituels tels que l’Allemagne et les États-Unis. L’augmentation des échanges commerciaux entre les...

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France and the Fight against Terrorism in the Sahel. The History of a Difficult Leadership Role

Tobias KOEPF

Note de l'Ifri, juin 2013

Except for its extreme poverty and the disastrous effects of a series of droughts, the Sahel region has been largely out of the spotlight of international attention in the past. Yet the rise of terrorism and especially the creation of Al-Qaida in...

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The European Gas Market: a Reality Check

Laura PARMIGIANI

Note de l'Ifri, May 2013

Executive Summary With the approach of the 2014 deadline for the completion of a truly European liberalised energy market, there is growing concern on the adequacy of the market structure with the changed economic and geopolitical environment....

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Offshore Gas in East Mediterranean: From Myth to Reality

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, May 2013

The wave of deep offshore and unconventional gas and oil exploration projects, rendered economically feasible by relatively high prices and new technologies, has reached the shores of the Mediterranean. Levantine countries, including Cyprus, Israel,...

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In Europe, not ruled by Europe: Tough love between Britain and the EU

Vivien PERTUSOT

Note de l'Ifri, March 2013

Discussions of a potential “Brexit”, the United Kingdom leaving the European Union, have sparked debate in Britain, and also across Europe, intensified by the UK veto of the “fiscal compact” at the European Council in...

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L'Énergie photovoltaïque: un outil de développement efficace pour les économies subsahariennes

Karim MEGHERBI

Note de l'Ifri, January 2013

Les coûts de production de l’électricité en Afrique subsaharienne1  sont parmi les plus élevés au monde alors que le taux d’électrification y est le plus faible au monde : environ 30% en...

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Les nouvelles relations entre l'Inde et les pays du Maghreb

Isabelle SAINT-MEZARD

Note de l'Ifri, février 2013

Ce travail s'intéresse aux relations entre l'Inde et le Maghreb, défini comme comprenant l'Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie, ainsi que la Libye et l'Egypte. L'objectif est, dans un premier temps, de comprendre comment...

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Global Coal Trade from Tightness to Oversupply

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'ifri, February 2013

Over the past four years, international coal trade has been reshaped by China’s surging imports.  China, which was still a net exporter in 2008, became the world’s first coal importer in 2011, taking over the position that Japan...

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Le Maghreb vu de Chine : perceptions et orientations au lendemain des printemps arabes

Alice EKMAN

Note de l'Ifri, février 2013

Ces deux dernières années ont été marquées par les mouvements de protestation dans le monde arabe. Ces mouvements ont été suivis avec la plus grande attention par les autorités chinoises,...

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The Gulf countries' Energy Strategies. What's on the Menu for the Power Sector?

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'ifri, January 2013

The futuristic green city of Masdar in the United Arab Emirates or the latest announcements of Saudi Arabia which might now well become the new Eldorado for solar energy companies have a clear marketing varnish. But if they are showcases of...

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Solar Photovoltaic Energy Policy in Europe: Losing Sight of What is Right

Cherrelle EID

Note de l'Ifri, December 2012

Europe has set ambitious but drastic targets in order to fight climate change. The 20-20-20 objectives demonstrate this. By 2020, emissions are to be reduced by 20%, the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in energy consumption is targeted...

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Powering Kuwait into the 21st Century: Alternatives for Power Generation

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, December 2012

Kuwait is facing a surge in the consumption of power. The current power fuel mix, based on oil, appears unsustainable. Yet Kuwait has a large number of assets. The power fuel mix can be optimized and diversified to include alternatives to oil...

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Franchir le miroir. " Régimes hybrides " et pouvoir traditionnel dans les États fragiles

François GAULME

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2012

La relation conflictuelle entre l’État et les sociétés locales n’a rien de nouveau. Ce qui est inédit, en revanche, c’est la prolifération contemporaine d’États cooptés au sein...

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L'avenir européen de la Serbie

Florent MARCIACQ

Analyse du CFA n°3, décembre 2012

Par sa géographie, par sa culture, par son histoire, la Serbie se situe incontestablement en Europe. Mais elle ne semble se rapprocher de l’Union européenne (UE) qu’à reculons. Comment expliquer cette retenue ? Cette...

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Le bouquet électrique en Grande-Bretagne

Charlotte TREBUCHET

Note de l'Ifri, November 2012

Les différentes mutations que le secteur électrique britannique a subies depuis sa libéralisation ont placé la Grande Bretagne comme l’éclaireur des réformes. Afin de comprendre les enjeux de la...

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L'Afrique de l'Est, une géopolitique pétrolière à haut risque

Benjamin AUGE

Note de l'Ifri, November 2012

Autrefois, hors de portée des radars des sociétés pétrolières, l'Afrique de l'Est est devenue en l'espace de cinq ans l'une des zones du continent où les investissements sont les plus soutenus. Deux raisons...

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Beyond the "Arab Spring": Russia's Security Interests in the Middle East

Irina ZVYAGELSKAYA

Note de l'Ifri, novembre 2012

The reconfiguration of the regional system of international relations as a result of the Arab revolutions has engendered fresh challenges for Russia, related, amongst other things, to deteriorating relations with the USA and other Western powers....

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Temporary Workers or Permanent Migrants? The Kafala System and Contestations over Residency in the Arab Gulf States

Noora LORI

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - November 2012

The Arab Gulf is the third largest receiving region for global migrants (after North America and the European Union). The six states of the Gulf Corporation Council (GCC) are the richest Arab economies, boast some of the highest GDP per capita...

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La Russie au Moyen-Orient

Denis BAUCHARD

Note de l'Ifri, octobre 2012

La position russe, mal comprise en Occident, devant le « printemps arabe » et les crises qui secouent le Moyen-Orient, doit être replacée dans le cadre des lignes de force qui sous-tendent la politique...

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How to Create a Public Policy in a Failed State - The Challenge of Securing Land Rights in Eastern Congo

Florence LIEGEOIS, Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, October 2012

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 32 years of dictatorship and almost ten years of war have bled the country dry and left its administration incapable of providing the population with basic services and the government incapable of...

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Quand les embouteillages " créent " la ville - L'influence de la congestion sur la structure et l'économie urbaines à Accra (Ghana)

Hélène QUENOT-SUAREZ

Note de l'Ifri, October 2012

Les embouteillages se sont développés rapidement dans les villes africaines et deviennent un problème majeur. Ainsi, en limitant la mobilité des biens et des personnes, ils ralentissent la croissance économique....

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The European Coal Market: Will Coal survive the EC's Energy and Climate Policy?

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'ifri, October 2012

Executive Summary The European coal industry is at a crossroads. The European Commission (EC) Energy Policy by 2020, the 20/20/20 targets, is not favourable to coal: a 20% decrease in CO2 emissions does not favour coal compared with natural...

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Is Africa's Recent Economic Growth Sustainable?

Shantayanan DEVARAJAN & Wolfgang FENGLER

Note de l'Ifri, octobre 2012

Hardly a week goes by without an African investors’ conference or growth summit. Portuguese people are looking for jobs in Angola. Silicon Valley companies are arriving in Kenya to learn about Africa’s ICT revolution. The reason behind...

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Positioning of Nuclear in the Japanese Energy Mix

Tatsuo MASUDA, Ryiochi KOMIYAMA

Note de l'Ifri, October 2012

Nuclear fission was discovered in the late 1930s. The first application went towards military use, and gradually expanded to civil use such as power generation. Power generation gained importance in two stages: firstly, to shift away from oil in...

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Powering Kuwait into the 21st Century: Adopting a Sustainable Strategy

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, September 2012

Over the last ten years, Kuwait's power consumption has doubled. This rising need for electricity has been mainly driven by the fast population growth rate, the increasing need for desalinated water, accounting for 93% of water consumption, and...

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The GCC States of the Persian Gulf and Asia Energy Relation

Thierry KELLNER

Note de l'Ifri, September 2012

Since the 2000s, China and India's needs for hydrocarbons, coming on top of those of older industrialized Asian countries (Japan and South Korea), have considerably strengthened customer-supplier links between Asia in general and the Persian Gulf,...

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L'insécurité transfrontalière au Cameroun et dans le bassin du lac Tchad

Cyril MUSILA

Note de l'Ifri, juillet 2012

L’insécurité transfrontalière actuelle dans le bassin du lac Tchad s’inscrit dans l’histoire des dynamiques sociopolitiques et économiques de cette région commune au Cameroun, à la...

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The Gulf Countries Energy Strategies

Maïté de BONCOURT

The futuristic green city of Masdar in the United Arab Emirates or the latest announcements of Saudi Arabia which might now well become the new Eldorado for solar energy companies have a clear marketing varnish. But if they are showcases of green...

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An Overview of Italy's Energy Mix

Corrado CAMMI, Mattia ASSANELLI

Note de l'Ifri, June 2012

Italy is currently hit by an unprecedented economic, political and social crisis. This changing and uncertain environment affects more than ever the ability to define an energy strategy, which has never really benefitted from a clear vision and a...

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Soutenir la croissance, limiter les émissions: la Chine est-elle un modèle en matière de politique climatique ?

Thibaud VOÏTA,

Note de l'Ifri, May 2012

La Chine a connu pendant les trente dernières années une crois¬sance sans précédent qui lui a permis de se hisser en 2010 comme deuxième puissance économique mondiale, devant le Japon et derrière...

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Undocumented Workers in Spain and the Politics of Regularization

Inara STÜRCKOW

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - May 2012

By the end of 2004, low migration flow regulation contributed to a high rate of irregularity and hampered adaptation of foreign labor supplies to the demands of the Spanish labor market, contributing therewith to an increase in irregular workers....

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Setting up a public policy in a failed State: the challenges of securing property law in Eastern Congo

Florence LIEGEOIS, Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, April 2012

En république démocratique du Congo (RDC), 32 années de dictature et près de dix ans de guerre ont laissé un pays exsangue, avec une administration incapable de fournir les services élémentaires...

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Evolution de la situation énergétique allemande

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, April 2012

A la suite de l'accident de Fukushima, l'Allemagne a pris trois décisions majeures pour son industrie électrique : l'arrêt immédiat de huit réacteurs nucléaires, la fermeture accélérée...

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Consumption in an Uncertain Environment The Paradox of the African Middle Classes

Hélène QUENOT-SUAREZ

Note de l'Ifri, March 2012

Three hundred million people belonging to the middle classes of Africa; three hundred million of potential consumers: an image of this kind is enough to make many an entrepreneur start dreaming. In fact, whereas for many years Afro-pessimism has...

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Greece: How a state in crisis manages its migration crisis

Anna TRYANDAFILLIDOU

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - March 2012

In the past 2 years, Greece has experienced its most severe economic crisis of the post World War II period. While it appeared at first not to have been hit particularly hard by the global economic recession that started in 2008, the effects of the...

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A Victorious Anti-insurrection Strategy? The Insurrections of 2010 in the Jonglei State of South Sudan

Marc-André LAGRANGE

Note de l'Ifri, March 2012

  On May 16 2010, a few weeks after its first elections, the government of the semi-autonomous province of South Sudan (GoSS) had to confront two rebellions in the Jonglei Province. South Sudan may appear unified behind the banner of the...

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The Recent Blossoming in Relations between China and Madagascar

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, February 2012

The question of the Chinese presence in Madagascar is very accurate. It is an opportunity for us to portray the sino-madagascan relations. We will recall the historicity of the relations existing between China and Madagascar. Then, we will focus on...

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The European Power System - Decarbonization and Cost Reduction: Lost in Transmissions

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

Note de l'Ifri, January 2012

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Europe’s energy policy is commonly defined by three axes of equal importance: security of supplies, competitiveness and sustainable development. The European Commission is mandated to develop the policy tools that allow the...

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Le Ghana : une démocratie pétrolière en devenir

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, December 2011

Executive Summary « While we think oil will help, we don’t want to pin all our hopes on it. We believe this is the time for Ghana to take off. But we can only do that through fiscal prudence, by encouraging productive investment and by...

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The EU and the crisis: Do we need more integration?

Vivien PERTUSOT, Jacques MISTRAL, Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES, Françoise NICOLAS, Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER, Hans STARK, Nele Katharina WISSMANN

Note de l'Ifri, december 2011

The European Union is facing a tremendous challenge: coming out of the crisis unified. Every summit is both labeled the one of all hopes and the one of the last chance. Information keeps coming in, which hampers a good comprehension of the...

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Gas Exports in Turkmenistan

Luca VASANCZKI

Note de l'Ifri, November 2011

Executive Summary The Caspian region has been at the center of attention since Europe began seeking alternative routes to natural-gas resources. Turkmenistan has the potential to become an important gas exporter to Europe. As a landlocked country,...

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Evolution des prix de l'électricité aux clients domestiques en Europe occidentale

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, November 2011

  La présente étude a exploité les bases de données contenant les informations les plus précises, les plus constantes dans le temps et les plus homogènes entre États, celles de la Commission...

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Migrations and Revolutions

Emanuela Paoletti

Reflections on the Recent Events in North Africa from an International Relations Perspective - October 2011

The promise of democracy enshrined in the "Arab Spring" has been accompanied by significant developments in migration flows across North Africa and to Europe. With political turmoil sweeping across North Africa and the Middle East, hundreds of...

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Brésil - Maghreb : Globalité nécessaire et enjeux économiques stratégiques

Elodie BRUN

Le Maghreb face aux nouveaux défis mondiaux, octobre 2011

Les relations qu’entretient le Brésil avec les pays du Maghreb peuvent paraître paradoxales. D’un côté, l’Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie ne semblent pas représenter des priorités de...

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U.S.-Moroccan Relations How Special ?

Carol MIGDALOVITZ

Maghreb Facing New Global Challenges, October 2011

U.S.-Moroccan ties have sometimes been described as a "special relationship." This paper explores the bilateral relationship to investigate how special it really is. How did the two countries first establish what became a longlasting association and...

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Quand le vent du " printemps arabe " souffle sur le Golfe Persique

Mohammad-Reza DJALILI et Thierry KELLNER

Note de l'Ifri, Septembre 2011

À l'exception notable des cas de Bahreïn et du Yémen, les zones du golfe Persique et de la péninsule Arabique ont été relativement épargnées par la vague de protestation qui a balayé le...

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U.S. Foreign Policy and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A View from Palestine

Sara ROY

Août 2011

How will the US respond to the changing Palestinian and Arab paradigm? Will it try to reduce the deepening gap between American policy as it has historically been defined and new Palestinian and Arab aspirations? Will the US be willing to work with...

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Involving ʺneo-urbansʺ in the political game The example of Senegal

Alain ANTIL

Note de l'Ifri, August 2011

  A paper brought out last year treating the “Hunger Riots had made it possible, among other things, to point out the extreme difficulties encountered by the authorities in power when trying to control urban populations. Current...

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U.S-ALGERIAN SECURITY COOPERATION AND REGIONAL COUNTERTERRORISM

Alexis Arieff

Maghreb Facing New Global Challenges,juillet 2011

This paper explores the recent evolution of security cooperation between the United States and Algeria, which have forged a strong partnership on counterterrorism despite lingering mutual distrust. The United States has strengthened its defense...

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A victourious counter-insurgency strategy? 2010 insurgencies in the province of Jonglei, South-Sudan

Marc-André LAGRANGE

Note de l'ifri, juillet 2011

    Le 16 mai 2010, quelques semaines à peine après ses premières élections, le gouvernement de la province semi-autonome du Sud-Soudan (GoSS) dut faire face à deux rébellions dans la province du...

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Unconventional Gas: A Game Changer for Transport Too?

Maïté de BONCOURT

Notes de l'Ifri, July 2011

  A new technology trend, the development of natural gas vehicles, is emerging in the transport sector. While not new this technology is now being simultaneously revived by the discovery of significant amounts of unconventional gas, by the...

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La coopération Europe/Maghreb face aux mutations géostratégiques mondiales

Abderrahmane Mebtoul

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international", avril 2011

Pièce maîtresse dans la région euroméditerranéenne, le Maghreb est sollicité par l'Union européenne, et plus récemment par les Etats-Unis, dans le cadre d'une compétition entre ces deux...

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Decoupling the Oil and Gas Prices - Natural Gas Pricing in the Post-Financial Crisis Market

Miharu KANAI

Note de l'Ifri, May 2011

This paper looks into natural gas pricing in the post-financial crisis market and, in particular, examines the question whether the oil-linked gas pricing system has outlived its utility as global gas markets mature and converge more rapidly than...

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The resurgence of relations between China and Madagascar

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, mars 2011

L’acuité de la question chinoise à Madagascar nous offre l’occasion de dresser un état des lieux, inexistant à ce jour, des relations sinomalgaches.Après un rappel de la profondeur historique des...

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Making Sense of One Health

Aline LEBOEUF

Cooperating at the Human-Animal- Ecosystem Health Interface. April 2011

This study aims at showing and making sense of the One Health approach, according to which it is impossible to defeat infectious disease without working at the interface between human health, animal health and the environment. The study also...

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The Electric Vehicle in the Climate Change Race. Tortoise, Hare or Both?

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, January 2011

Executive Summary Europe is seeking ways to decrease the growing negative impact of passenger cars on climate, currently responsible for up to 12% of total EU CO2 emissions. After biofuels in the nineties and hydrogen in 2000, the new answer to...

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La réorientation de la croissance chinoise

Jacques MISTRAL

Note de l'ifri, mars 2011

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Migrations et développement: l'enjeu environnemental et l'avenir des politiques migratoires

François GEMENNE

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international" - Mars 2011

This paper analyzes the future of migrations related to climate changes and environment degradations. He shows how the dominant public reasoning remains inappropriate for addressing these issues, because of the Western/Northern countries'...

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L'Etat palestinien en question

Denis BAUCHARD

Notes de l'Ifri, mars 2010

La marche vers un Etat palestinien est longue et ardue, même si, sur le plan juridique, la création de deux Etats, l'un juif, l'autre arabe, a été prévue dès le plan de partage adopté par le Conseil...

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Arctic Solutions: The Frozen (Thawing) Relations of the High North

Christopher SUMMERS

Note de l'Ifri, February 2011

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Un schéma migratoire reconfiguré, dans les faits et dans l'approche politique

Mehdi LAHLOU

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international" - Février 2011

This Note de l'Ifri is the third contribution to The European migration policies from a Southern perspective project, supported by the OCP group.

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The Sovereign Debt Crisis and the Future of the Euro

Jacques MISTRAL

Note de l'Ifri, July 2010

The specter of sovereign defaults is back. The roots of a sovereign debt crisis are deep and concern all the industrialized countries. In 2010, those fears coagulated on Greece because Greece was the worst offender. Disgusted by the political...

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The G20 and the Challenge of International Financial Re-regulation

Jacques MISTRAL

Note de l'Ifri, septembre 2010

The crisis, it is now widely accepted, means that markets failed. Meeting for the first time in Washington in November 2008, the G20 embarked in a ride of re-regulation. Months of negotiations later, it dramatically appears different to agree on...

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Les doubles nationaux, enquête sur les nouveaux entrepreneurs au Maroc

Marie BASSI, Christophe BERTOSSI

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international", décembre 2010

  A partir d'une enquête de terrain réalisée au printemps 2010, cette étude part d'un constat empirique : des Marocains vivant dans un pays du Nord (France, Suède, États-Unis, Canada) et qui, pour...

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Global Governance of Biodiversity : New Perspectives on a Shared Challenge

Mireille Jardin, Raphaël Billé et al., Emma BROUGHTON

Health and Environment Reports, n° 6, December 2010

This report aims to provide a first mapping of the global governance of biodiversity, through an investigation of the interactions between the various actors, institutions, norms, tools and processes that structure it. It chooses to do so by...

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La Communauté de l'Energie : un bilan cinq ans aprè

Adélaïde BOODTS

Note de l'Ifri, December 2010

Il y a cinq ans, le Traité fondateur de la Communauté de l'énergie était signé à Athènes. Cette Communauté a été mise en place spécifiquement pour l’Europe du...

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Les perspectives du Shale Gas dans le monde

Bruno WEYMULLER

Note de l'Ifri, January 2011

Introduction L’arrivée du shale gas aux États-Unis a surpris par son caractère inattendu et la rapidité de son essor. La surprise vient aussi de ce que cette nouveauté concerne une énergie fossile...

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Serbia's Economy in a regional, EU and international context

Adélaïde BOODTS

South-East Europe n°3, December 2010

Issue d’un ensemble plus vaste qu’était la Yougoslavie, la Serbie, comme ses voisins, a fait face à un défi de taille. Ce défi consistait notamment à mettre en place un système économique...

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Des Directives à la Charte: Une lecture critique de la politique européenne de lutte contre la discrimination raciale

Dorothée PRUD'HOMME

Note du programme Migrations, Identités, Citoyenneté, Novembre 2010

Depuis une quinzaine d'années, l'Union européenne met en place des outils législatifs, institutionnels, financiers et politiques pour lutter contre la discrimination raciale de façon cohérente et...

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The Continuing Story of Europe and Space Security

A Conference organized by Ifri and the Secure World Foundation, Brussels, Oct 4th and 5th, 2010

While European institutions continue to discuss the use of space for security as well as the need for a stable space environment, the United States organized a series of space reviews this past year.  To explore these issues and foster an...

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Wind Power: a Victim of Policy and Politics?

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

Note de l'Ifri, October 2010

Executive Summary In December 2008, as part of the fight against climate change, the European Union adopted the Energy and Climate package that endorsed three objectives toward 2020: a 20% increase in energy efficiency, a 20% reduction in GHG...

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Rare Earths and Clean Energy: Analyzing China's Upper Hand

John SEAMAN

Note de l'Ifri, September 2010

An ominous resource crunch in the so-called “rare earth elements” is now threatening the development of a number of key industries from energy to defense to consumer electronics. As key components in the latest generation of...

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MALE Drones: Europe's Options ?

Louis-Marie CLOUET, Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, July 2010

European countries, lead by France, are expected to take a decision soon on the development and acquisition of MALE drones. Their choices will be crucial not anly for the preservation of European operational sovereignty in military terms but also...

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To Put an End To Criticism Towards Aid

Gérald Liscia

Outline of Current Trends

Introduction : Alors que l’on s’interroge de façon de plus en plus vive sur l’impact et l’efficacité des politiques d’aide au développement, il devient nécessaire, pour éclairer ce...

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Controlling trafficking or losing the North : notes on trafficking in Mauritania

Alain Antil

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

Our interest in this topic stems both from our annual visits to Mauritania which started fifteen years ago, and the tiny amount of research noticed on trafficking in this country. Indeed, trafficking is an important phenomenon in the Islamic...

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Arabs and Tuaregs in colonial and Malian armed forces: a story in trompe-l'oeil

Charles Grémont

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

This contribution consists in analyzing the unifying or opposing relations between the central State-power and the southern part of central-Saharan populations, mainly Arabs and Tuaregs, within the relational framework of colonial and Malian armed...

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Morocco and its "new border". A critical lecture of Morocco's economic African strategy

Alain Antil

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

Since Mohammed VI came into power, Morocco’s African policy has undergone notable change in comparison to his predecessor’s period. Strictly speaking, this evolution does not break with the past but is rather synonymous with continuity,...

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Trafficking in the Sahel-Saharan zone: features and stakes

Jean-Luc Peduzzi

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

On November 5th 2009, a cocaine-loaded Boeing 727 aircraft arriving from Venezuela was discovered torched and emptied on a makeshift airstrip in the Malian desert (Gao region). The sahel-saharan area is clearly a contact zone between very distant...

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The Gulf Cooperation Council in the Maghreb: exchange and investment strategies

Radhi Meddeb

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

       The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a regional organization which was created in 1981, reassembling six Arab countries together: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)....

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Maghreb countries' economic projection on sub-Saharan Africa

Nezha Alaoui

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

While largely interrupted by the colonial period premise, trade relations between the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa have enjoyed a new boom  with the independence era. However, until the end of the 1990s, the African policy of the three...

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Chinese and Indian economic presence in the Maghreb

Françoise NICOLAS

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

One of the major events of the last couple of decades has been the rise of China and India, reflected by their increasingly important economic presence in the world, both in terms of trade flows and of foreign direct investments. Africa, which has...

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The United States' economic strategy and presence in the Maghreb

Kassim BOUHOU

The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

Before the 9/11 events, US-Maghreb relations were growing stronger, especially after the United States had long left the floor to the Maghreb’s “natural” European partner. Therefore the American action in this region was in line...

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Tuaregs' relations to States: the case of Algeria and Libya.

Dida Badi

Note de l'Ifri, 2010, The Maghreb in its regional and international environment

The industrial revolution underwent by Europe in the 18th century has triggered the need for the major colonial powers to find new markets for their manufactured products. It is in this colonial competitive framework that European explorers...

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De facto and de jure regional economic integration in East Asia: How do they interact

Françoise NICOLAS

Singapore Economic Review, vol. 55, No 1, April 2010, pp. 7-25.

A salient feature of the East Asian region is the persistent discrepancy between the progress in de facto and de jure economic integration. East Asia has long been said to be the champion of loose regional economic integration, with deepening...

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The Financial Challenges of the Sub-Saharan Africa Telecoms Boom

Henri Tcheng, Jean-Michel Huet, Mouna Romdhane

June 2010

Telecom industry has taken a significant place within of the economy of most African countries. In this aspect, it is an undeniable source of economic growth and development. It impacts on the financial sphere at three levels. Firstly, telecom...

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ICT and health systems in Africa

Jean-Michel Huet, Mouna Romdhane et Henri Tcheng

Note de l'Ifri, June 2010

An increasing number of projects in the health sector in Africa draw on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). ICTs can help us answer, if only partially, the three main challenges posed to health in Africa: promote health insurance,...

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Die MALE Drohnen: Handlungsperspektiven für Europa

Louis-Marie CLOUET, Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, Mai 2010

Die europäischen Länder, Frankreich allen voran, müssen umgehend eine Entscheidung bezüglich der Entwicklung und Anschaffung von Drohnen des Typs MALE (Medium Altitude Long Endurance) treffen. Ihre Beschlüsse werden...

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MALE UAVs: Which Choices for Europe?

Louis-Marie CLOUET, Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, May 2010

Les pays européens, France en tête, doivent prendre sans tarder une décision en matière de développement et d’acquisition de drones MALE. Leurs choix seront cruciaux non seulement pour préserver la...

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Japan's ambivalent diplomacy on climate change

Céline PAJON

Health and Environment Reports, n° 5, May 2010

Japan often pictures itself as an environmental leader. While many examples of Japan’s actions against climate change are in line with global climate change norms, others can be in opposition to them. This study, based on first hand...

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Moldova: A Status Quo of EU Institutional Relations

Florentina HARBO

South-East Europe n°1, April 2010

The barbed wire at the Prut River, on the Republic of Moldova’s (Moldova) border with Romania and, thus, with Europe will be removed by March 2010. This way, the last soviet “wall” will be torn. Maybe this symbolic action will open...

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The Palestinian State In Question

Denis BAUCHARD

Note de l'Ifri, Paris, March 2010

La marche vers un Etat palestinien est longue et ardue, même si, sur le plan juridique, la création de deux Etats, l'un juif, l'autre arabe, a été prévue dès le plan de partage adopté par le Conseil de...

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Trans Saharan Gas Pipeline: Mirage or real Opportunity?

Benjamin AUGE

Note de l'Ifri, March 2010

Summary: 8 % of worldwide gas reserves are located on the African continent. Its relative economic weakness and the almost total absence of gas networks leads to a very reduced interior consumption (almost nonexistent outside Algeria and Egypt)...

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Violence in the Bush: How International Peacebuilding faces Land-use Conflicts

Florence LIEGEOIS, Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, February 2010

Following the conflict in Ituri (1999-2003), the International Community deployed different peacebuilding programs in this north-eastern district of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Built around a concept of democratic transition at the...

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"Hunger riots" in Senegal: A pointer to the current governance failure

Alain ANTIL

Note de l'Ifri, March 2010 (In French)

"Hunger riots", a stock phrase used to describe protests at the end of 2007 / beginning 2008 in around thirty countries world-wide, mostly African States, places different phenomena into one group. In this paper, we will focus on the case of...

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Getting Carbon Out: Tougher Than it Looks. An Assessment of EU, US & Chinese Pledges

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

Note de l'Ifri, February 2010

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Palestine: A State? What State?

Jean-François LEGRAIN

Note de l'Ifri , Paris, January 2010

L'Autorité palestinienne (AP) a été mise en place dans le cadre de l'approche américaine de la question du Proche-Orient qui s'était imposée à la communauté internationale à l'issue de...

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The Financial Challenges of the Sub-Saharan Africa Telecoms Boom

Henri Tcheng, Jean-Michel Huet, Mouna Romdhane

Note de l'Ifri, January 2010

Telecom industry has taken a significant place within of the economy of most African countries. In this aspect, it is an undeniable source of economic growth and development. It impacts on the financial sphere at three levels. Firstly, telecom...

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The Institutions of Energy Governance in China

Philip ANDREWS-SPEED

Note de l'Ifri, January 2010

International collaboration, in any form, requires trust, and such trust is built on understanding. In the case of collaboration in the field of energy, potential partners need to have an appreciation of frameworks for energy governance in each...

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Les Irlandais et le Traité de Lisbonne : Acte II

Marie-Claire CONSIDERE - CHARON

Depuis que le traité de Lisbonne est entré en vigueur, le blocage institutionnel provoqué par le rejet dudit traité, à 53,4 % des voix, par l’électorat irlandais, fait désormais figure de...

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U.S. Space Policy in 2009-2010: Towards New Choices?

Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, January 2010

Congress and the Administration have launched a series of space policy reviews in 2009, regarding in particular Nasa's exploration policy, the loosening of ITAR regulations and space security. On each of these issues, the U.S. governement may adopt...

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Palestine: un Etat? Quel Etat?

Jean-François LEGRAIN

Note de l'Ifri, janvier 2010

L'Autorité palestinienne (AP) a été mise en place dans le cadre de l'approche américaine de la question du Proche-Orient qui s'était imposée à la communauté internationale à l'issue de...

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Doubts about Nabucco Don't Originate in China - Look to Europe

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Edtorial, Decembre 2009

On December 12 President Berdymukhamedov of Turkmenistan and President Hu Jintao of China inaugurated the first flows of gas through the Chinese pipeline from Turmenistan to China.  This is an 1800 km pipeline to transport up to 40 bcm/y of gas...

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Implementing the EU Climate and Energy Package with the Economic Crisis

Cécile KEREBEL

Note de l'Ifri, December 2009

The reinforcement of European Union’s climate policy in the decade to come was prepared and decided in 2007-2008 via the EU Climate and Energy Package. But in the meantime, the economic conditions have radically changed. This new study...

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Ukraine : A transit Country in Deadlock ?

Susanne NIES

Note de l'Ifri, December 2009

Should we consider Ukraine a transit country in deadlock, and reduce its energy role just to that of a transit country? Definitely not, because Ukraine is at once a large gas consumer and producer, and possesses massive storage capacity. But the...

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Rural Land Issues as a factor of crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa: South Africa, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya

Nancy Andrew, Alfred Babo, Claire Médard, Alain Antil

Note de l'Ifri, December 2009

Summary : One of the most important cross-section thematic across Sub-Saharan Africa is rural land issues. It is going to play a crucial role for the future of African societies. The agricultural sector is still representing a major position either...

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Que sera demain le modèle industriel de l'Amérique ?

Jacques MISTRAL

Revue trimestrielle Sciences Po, décembre 2009

Revue trimestrielle Saint Guillaume N°157, Association de Sciences Po.

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Towards Greater Security in Outer Space: Some Recommendations

Agnieszka LUKASZCZYK, Laurence NARDON, Ray WILLIAMSON

Note de l'Ifri, November 2009

Space security has become an increasingly important issue over recent years, with the international community witnessing a substantial increase in orbital debris from both deliberate and accidental satellite destructions.To address this important...

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The Outlook for Nuclear Energy in the United States

John BRODMAN

Note de l'Ifri, octobre 2009

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Iran in the European Gas Market: a Russian Point of View

Igor TOMBERG

Note de l'Ifri, October 2009

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ASEAN Energy Cooperation : An Increasingly Daunting Challenge

Françoise NICOLAS

Note de l'Ifri, September 2009

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La Chine à la veille de Copenhague

Valérie NIQUET

Note de l'Ifri, September 2009

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From Thabo Mbeki to Jacob Zuma: What will the new vision of South Africa be?

Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, October 2009

On April 22th 2009, South Africa hold its fourth national poll since the accession to the democracy in 1994. 23 milions electors voted and again agreed, among 26 political partis, to put their trust in the African National Congress (ANC). As in 1999...

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Identity-based Mobilizations in Contemporary Africa: The Question of Autochthony

Alain Antil

Note de l'Ifri, August 2009

Summary: The question of identity-based mobilizations in contemporary Africa is often confused, here, by a wrong apprehension of what is the concept of ethnic group. Now, identity-based mobilizations are more variable and complex than just ethnic...

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L'option libre-échangiste de l'Union européenne en Asie : dogme ou nécessité ?

Lettre du Centre Asie 46, juin 2009

La crise économique et financière internationale a fait émerger un certain nombre de critiques sur le fonctionnement du système économique libéral, en particulier le phénomène de...

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The Global Environment Facility: Managing the Transition

Emma BROUGHTON

Health and Environment Reports, n° 3, June 2009

One of the first structures of the international environmental governance architecture ever to be created, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is still today the only international tool with the protection of the global environment as its...

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Hausse des prix agricoles et de l'énergie: quelles relations et implications à moyen et long terme ?

Tancrède VOITURIEZ

Note de l'Ifri, June 2009

Cette étude examine les différents facteurs qui ont pu être avancés en explication de la hausse des cours des matières premières entre 2006 et 2008, et les confrontent aux connaissances disponibles à...

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Models of Integration and Integration of Models

Jan Willem DUYVENDAK, Christophe BERTOSSI

Special issue edited by Christophe Bertossi, Jan Willem Duyvendak, Migrations Société, Vol. 21 - No. 122, March-April 2009.

This project aims at examining and comparing the ' national models of integration ' in France and the Netherlands in a context when the question of their crisis is raised. The social and political practice of the discourse about the model...

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Energy Security of Russia and the EU : Current Legal Problems

Sergey SELIVERSTOV

Note de l'Ifri, April 2009

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Confidence ! A Message from the People's Hall in Beijing

Albrecht SONNTAG, Wei SHEN

Lettre du Centre Asie 42, April 2009

Despite the challenges that China is currently facing in the light of the global financial crisis, the major message from the People's Hall in Beijing was a positive one: confidence. The conclusion of the annual sessions of the National People's...

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Le gaz algérien en passe de changer de religion

Ihsane EL KADI

Note de l'Ifri, avril 2009

L’Algérie ne s’est pas forgée, dans les années 2000, une « diplomatie » du gaz naturel même lointainement comparable à celle de la Russie. Trois obstacles à cela : d’abord des...

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Kivu, Bridge between Atlantic and Indian Oceans

Cyril Musila

Note de l'Ifri, April 2009

Summary : In the last fifteen years, the Kivus have been prey to a series of violent episodes that have led to humanitarian crises of great magnitude. Mechanisms of economic predation, land issues, interference from neighboring countries, or ethnic...

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L'agenda de sécurité transatlantique pour 2009

Dominique DAVID

Report (in French) of the Ifri's Tuesday in Brussels on March 17, 2009

A l'occasion de ce " Mardi de l'Ifri à Bruxelles ", Dominique David, directeur exécutif de l'Ifri et spécialiste des questions de défense, est venu exposer son point de vue sur l'agenda transatlantique pour 2009, année significative pour l'Alliance,...

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The Iranian Space Program

Raoul DAVENAC, Laurence NARDON

Actuelles de l'Ifri, March 2009

Last February, Iran launched an Iranian satellite with an Iranian rocket, thus becoming the only Muslim country with independent access to space. The impact of this develoment on regional politics as well as possible resulting missile capacity...

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Democratization and Foreign Intervention: the Iranian Case

Clément THERME

Perspectives MOM, February 2009.

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La France et l'OTAN : une affaire d'image

Dominique DAVID

Aujourd'hui, il n'est guère aisé de répondre simplement à la question: à quoi sert l'Alliance?

Les bases du débat sur les rapports France/Alliance jetées dans les années 1990 et au début de ce siècle, ont plus été confirmées qu'affectées par les développements récents. Plus que jamais, l'Alliance atlantique paraît aujourd'hui à la fois...

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How Can Europeans Agree on a Common Migration Policy?

Christophe BERTOSSI

Ed. by Christophe Bertossi, Note de l'Ifri, February 2009.

Immigration was a key priority of the French EU Presidency in 2008. In its attempt to provide EU Member States and institutions with a framework for the future of European migration policies, the French government found strong support from other EU...

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Investing in the Energy Sector : An Issue of Governance

Jan Horst KEPPLER, Christian SCHULKE

Note de l'Ifri, February 2009

In the context of economic crisis, high volatility of energy prices, climate change and resource nationalism, ensuring the necessary level of investment in energy is an important challenge. How to make sure that the right investments are made at the...

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Hillary Clinton in Asia : sign of a global power shift

Lettre du Centre Asie 39, February 2009

Pour la première fois depuis 40 ans, la première visite à l'étranger du Secrétaire d'Etat de la nouvelle administration américaine est pour l'Asie. Au-delà d'enjeux globaux stratégiques,...

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How to reform peacemaking in the Democratic Republic of Congo: When peace processes become international "systems of organized action"

Thierry Vircoulon

Note de l'Ifri, February 2009

Summary: This discussion paper proposes an analysis of incompleteness peace processes in Eastern Congo which have resulted in a stalemate – a stalemate which has encouraged the conflict's actors to prioritize using force in order to impose "...

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Diversity of growth profiles - A Tentative Typology of Developing Countries

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Maghreb et sciences sociales 2008, L'Harmattan, Paris, 2008.

The paper is an attempt at establishing a typology of developing countries aimed at pointing up the diversity of their growth strategies in terms of foundation as well as sustainability. To this end the analysis places the emphasis on the bases of...

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The Global Fight Against Avian Influenza. Lessons for the Management of Health and Environmental Crises.

Aline LEBOEUF, Aline LEBOEUF

Health and Environment Reports, n° 2 

Based on interviews with practitioners in Washington, Jakarta, Geneva, Paris, Brussels and Rome, and on the analysis of existing empirical research, the present study provides the reader with a practical and manageable toolkit for understanding the...

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Space Security: Europe Takes the Lead

Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, January 2009

Last December, the European Union adopted a draft Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities. This signals an important change of strategy in the field of space security.

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How can Europeans agree on a common immigration policy?

Christophe BERTOSSI

Report of the Ifri's Tuesday in Brussels on January 27, 2009

A l'occasion de ce Mardi de l'Ifri à Bruxelles, Christophe Bertossi a présenté les conclusions du rapport " How Can Europeans Agree on a Common Migration Policy? " (bientôt accessible sur le site Internet de l'Ifri), qui résume les conclusions du...

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The political economy of regional integration in East Asia

Françoise NICOLAS

Economic Change and Restructuring , vol. 41, n°4, December 2008, pp. 345-67.

A widely held consensus view claims that East Asia has been shifting recently from a market-led to an institution-based form of regional economic integration, primarily as a result of the 1997–1998 financial crisis. Next to post-crisis...

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EU – ASEAN : Prospects for a Free Trade Agreement

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas , in Andreosso-O'Callaghan, B. and B. Zolin (eds) Asia and Europe: Contrasts and Connections , Foscarini Editrice: Venice, 2008.

In the wake of the financial crisis of 1997-98 there has been a clear shift in a number of Southeast Asian countries towards the development of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). ASEAN as a group has concluded FTAs with China and Korea, and it is still...

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The 7th Korea-France Forum

Acts from the 7th Korea-France Forum, January 2008

The Korea-France Cultural Association (President Cha Young-Koo), consisting of Koreans who had studied in France, and the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) jointly organized the first Korea-France Forum. Since the second forum in...

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Europe and Star Wars

Laurence NARDON

Actuelles de l'Ifri, January 2009

In December, the EU Council on External Relations adopted a project for a 'Code of good conduct 'in space. This marks a decisive role of Europe in the establishement of peaceful behaviors in space, where a potentially dangerous arms race had...

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From Lebanon to Pakistan: A Crescent of Crisis Out of Control?

Denis BAUCHARD

Perspectives Moyen-Orient / Maghreb, December 2008.

Pendant longtemps, le Moyen-Orient a été vu essentiellement à travers les menaces qui pesaient sur l'approvisionnement des pays occidentaux en pétrole et la confrontation entre Israël et les pays arabes. Le champ...

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La diversité dans les armées françaises

Christophe BERTOSSI

Christophe Bertossi, A chacun ses étrangers ? En France et Allemagne, de 1871 à aujourd'hui, Paris, CNHI - Actes Sud, December 2008, p 107-111

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Co-Development Policies in Europe: Objectives, Experiences and Limits

Catherine WIHTOL DE WENDEN

Background paper for the seminar: "Co-Development: What objectives? What Principles?" , second meeting (25 November 2008) of the Anglo-French Dialogue on Regularisation and Co-Development.

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Le marché européen du gaz et du pétrole : le rôle de la Norvège

Florentina HARBO

Note de l'Ifri, October 2008

The research question of this paper is related to the role of Norway in the European gas and oil market. This study aims to give a presentation of the energy policy in Norway and Norwegian participation at the European level.

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Prix et taxes de l'essence et du diesel dans les pays i ndustrialisés

Romain DAVOUST

Note de l'Ifri, October 2008

La présente étude s’intéresse au niveau des prix et des taxes du carburant automobile dans les pays industrialisés, membres de l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques...

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Iran in Latin America, the Islamic Republic in the American Backyard

Clément THERME

Mohammad-Reza Djalili and Clément Therme in Maghreb-Machrek, no. 197, Autum 2008.

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Being Young in Western Sahara Today

Omar Brouksy in Note de l'Ifri, November 2008.

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Local Momentum for Global Governance: The Management of Transboundary Pollution.

Marion MARMORAT

Health&Environment Reports, n° 1

How can we, and should we manage cases of transboundary pollution? Through the study of the Baia Mare case - a case of cyanide and heavy metal pollution of one of the Danube's affluent river between Romania and Hungary - this study elucidates the...

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La Géopolitique de l'émotion

Dominique MOISI

Dominique Moïsi, Flammarion, 2008, 270 p.

Voici le plaidoyer d'un écrivain passionnément modéré, soucieux des nuances et animé lui-même par une culture d'espoir. Premier livre à explorer la dimension émotionnelle de la mondialisation, il dresse brillamment une ' carte des émotions ' du...

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Economic Partnership Agreements: an Essential Step on the Path Towards Regional Integration and Trade Liberalisation

Jean-François Sempéré

Note de l'Ifri, November 2008

Summary: Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA)are presented by the European Union as a remedy, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, to issues such as the Weakness in size of Markets or the Trade weaknesses between the different African economies....

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Push and Pull Factors Towards and Against a Common European Migration Policy : France, Britain, and their Approach to Irregular Migration

Christophe BERTOSSI, Sarah Toucas

Background paper for the seminar: " What is the cost of the non-regularisation of undocumented migrants? " , first meeting (29 October 2008) of the Anglo-French Dialogue on Regularisation and Co-Development.

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Crise financière : le salut ne viendra pas d'Asie, pas tout de suite

Françoise NICOLAS

Lettre du Centre Asie 34

Certains se plaisaient à croire que l'Asie pourrait échapper à la contagion de la crise financière américaine et assurer le relais des Etats-Unis comme principal moteur de la croissance mondiale. Les tenants de la...

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What governance of the oil market today?

k?r?bel

Article published by Cécile Kérébél in the collection IEE-Document, Energy Governance in Europe and worldwide (Louvain University Press, Inbev-Baillet Latour Chair, n°42, october 2008)

This article adopts an historitical lens to present the global oil governance. It shows how power and relationship between the main oil players have fluctuated over time and how this evolution has profoundly impacted on the structuring of the oil...

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The Kashagan Field : a Test Case for Kazakhstan's Governance of its of its Oil and Gas Sector

Nadia CAMPANER, Shamil YENIKEYEFF

Note de l'Ifri, October 2008

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Sécurité énergétique en Méditerranée occidentale : nouveaux facteurs, nouvelles politiques, un regard espagnol

Aurélia MANE-ESTRADA

Note de l'Ifri, October 2008

   

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Energie et Climat : l'indispensable coopération mondiale

Jacques LESOURNE

Note de l'Ifri, October 2008

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Multistakeholder Partnership: an institutional innovation for sustainable development?

k?r?bel

Article from Cécile Kérébel published in: 'Sustainable Development: The ongoing debate' directed by Marie-Claude SMOUTS (Armand Colin, collection Cursus, 2008, 272 p, 20,50€)

The debate on sustainable development has fostered the experimentation of new governance models that more deeply involve the private sector. One formula has been particularly in vogue since the 1990's: the multistakeholder partnership, a voluntary...

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The Elections's meaning in the Maghreb

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, in Annuaire de la Méditerranée IEMed, October 2008.

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L'Inde face à son défi sportif: "soft power", mondialisation et capitalisme

Raphaël GUTMANN

Lettre du Centre Asie 33, septembre 2008

Alors que la Chine détrônait les États-Unis comme première puissance olympique, l’Inde – l'autre géant asiatique – s’illustrait une fois encore par la modestie de ses résultats. Sa...

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Les relations franco-allemandes dans le secteur de l'énergie

Jan Horst KEPPLER, Sophie MERITET, Kristina NOTZ

Note de l'Ifri, September 2008

Cette note poursuit deux thématiques convergentes. Dans une perspective d'actualité immédiate, elle étudie les possibilités pour le couple franco-allemand de façonner l'agenda "énergie et climat" de...

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The Maghreb and the Union for the Mediterranean Initiative

mohsen finan

During his presidential campaign, when the candidate Sarkozy elaborated his project to build up a political space aiming at giving 'a second wind to the Barcelona Process', many observers detected therein a French willingness to instaure new relations with the Mediterranean southern countries.

Lorsqu'au cours de sa campagne électorale, le candidat Sarkozy formulait son projet de bâtir un espace politique visant à donner ' un second souffle au processus de Barcelone ', nombre d'observateurs y décelaient une volonté française...

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Prime Minister Fukuda's Resignation: Toward A reshuffle of the Political Forces in Japan ?

Céline PAJON

Lettre du Centre Asie 32, septembre 2008

Le Premier Ministre Fukuda a soudainement annoncé sa démission le 1er septembre 2008 Paradoxalement, cette annonce, qui a pris nombre de Japonais par surprise, était toutefois attendue depuis plusieurs mois.Fukuda – et le...

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Outlook

montbrial

Thierry de Montbrial, RAMSES 2009, September 2nd, 2008

This vast review of the whole international topicality clarifies and explains the strong points, the turnings and the constants of the period 2007-2008.

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The Politicization of Youth in the Saharawi Refugee Camps

mohsen finan

Cédric Omet, Note de l'Ifri, July 2008.

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Japanese Ambitions for the G8

Céline PAJON

Lettre du Centre Asie 30, July 2008

Le Japon a souhaité faire de la question du changement climatique la priorité du G8 qu’il accueille cette année près du lac Toyako sur l’île de Hokkaido. Tokyo souhaite démontrer à cette...

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Regionalism in trade, how real ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Accomex, n° 79, January/February 2008

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Die französische EU-Ratspräsidentschaft 2008 - zwischen aktuellem Krisenmanagement und strategischer Weichenstellung

Hans Stark

Integration Juli 2008 3/08, Nomos, Institut für Europäische Politik.

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Limits of the warming of the sino-japanese relation

Céline PAJON

Lettre du Centre Asie 27, June 2008

Le réchauffement diplomatique entre Pékin et Tokyo, largement mis en scène, s'est concrétisé par une évolution remarquable de la position chinoise concernant la normalisation militaire de la puissance...

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Debates on Chinese Growth

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Politique étrangère, 2:2008 (Summer).'Questions have become more and more numerous about the strength of Chinese growth and about China's ability to become the powerhouse of global growth.'

Buy the article on CAIRN websiteAbstractThe rise of the Chinese economy is without a doubt one of the most important events in the last two decades. However, China is not yet the giant that some people claim it to be. On account of some of its...

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The Safe Challenges in the Maghreb

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, Note de l'Ifri, June 2008.

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The Evolution of the Woman's Statut in the Maghreb Countries

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, Note de l'Ifri, June 2008.

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The Mediterranean and the New Middle East: What Reshaping Strategies?

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, in Quaderns de la Mediterrania, IEMED, 9/2008: interventions given at the roundtable of December 15, 2006 at Ifri.

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Thirty Year Conflict in the Western Sahara

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, Note de l'Ifri, January 2008. Contribution published in the book edited by Paola Gandolfi : Le Maroc aujourd'hui (Bologne, Casa editrice il Ponte, 2008).

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Trois articles dans l'Encyclopédie de la culture politique contemporaine

Marc HECKER

Marc Hecker, in Alain Renaut (ed.), Encyclopédie de la culture politique contemporaine, Paris, Hermann, 2008.

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France: the State strives to shape "chosen" immigration

Christophe BERTOSSI

Country paper for the European Expert Group on Labour Migration Policy, CeSPI (Rome), June 2008

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Mahmoud Ahmadinejad à New Delhi : Le rapprochement indo-américain à l'épreuve du " test iranien "

Raphaël GUTMANN

Lettre du Centre Asie 25, mai 2008

Cinq heures : c'est la durée du premier voyage en cinq ans d'un Chef d'Etat iranien en Inde. Cette escale, qui eut lieu le 29 avril dernier, a néanmoins suffi à provoquer un incident diplomatique avec les Etats-Unis,...

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Le débat sur les propositions législatives de la Commission européenne concernant l'énergie

Cécile KEREBEL

Note de l'Ifri, May 2008

Le 10 janvier 2007, la Commission européenne a proposé un premier paquet global de mesures prioritaires à mettre en place pour établir une « politique de l’énergie pour l’Europe1 »...

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Le "paquet énergie et climat" du 23 janvier 2008 : un tournant pour l'Europe de l'Energie

Jan Horst KEPPLER, Cécile KEREBEL, Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, May 2008

Pour le secteur de l’énergie en Europe, les perspectives d’un changement structurel majeur se concrétisent. Le 10 janvier 2007, la Commission européenne avait proposé un premier paquet global de mesures...

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Earthquake in Sichuan : towards the acknowledgement of the civil society

Lettre du Centre Asie 24

Le tremblement de terre qui a frappé la Chine le 12 mai a eu un impact important sur la société et le monde politique. On avait pu juger la crise tibétaine gérée avec quelque maladresse, une stratégie...

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Securitization of Health and Environmental Issues: Process and Effects. A Research Outline.

Aline LEBOEUF et Emma BROUGHTON, Aline LEBOEUF

Working Paper

Global health and environmental issues, such as the HIV/AIDS epidemic, or global climate change, are increasingly perceived as security issues by policymakers, members of the civil society or the private sector, and populations at large. This...

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Australian Strategy towards the Asia-Pacific

Céline PAJON

A paper based on the presentation by Rod Lyon, Director of the Strategic and International Affairs Program, Ausutralian Strategic Policy Institute, at Ifri Paris, on April, 10th 2008

This paper is based on the presentation given by Rod Lyon, Director of the Strategic and International Affairs Program, Ausutralian Strategic Policy Institute, in Ifri, on April, 10th 2008. Céline Pajon is junior research fellow in the...

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Paradoxal dynamics of Pentecostalism in Sub-Saharan Africa

Cédric Mayrargue

Note de l'Ifri, April 2008

Summary: The rise of evangelic churches in Sub-Saharan Africa is often perceived as the result of support from rich American churches and the reaction to the growth of Islam. Cédric Mayrargue, studying in particular the Pentcostal ...

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Gas Price Formation, Structure & Dynamics

Romain DAVOUST

Note de l'Ifri, Aprill 2008

Our study, focused on gas prices in importing economies, describes wholesale prices and retail prices, their evolution for the last one or two decades, the economic mechanisms of price formation.

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Les filières nucléaires

Pierre BACHER

Note de l'Ifri, April 2008

Le présent article décrit les différentes filières en démarrant avec la Génération II, développe particulièrement le démarrage de la Génération III –...

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Turning a Weakness into a Strength : A Smart External Energy Policy for Europe

Jan Horst KEPPLER, Roland GÖTZ

As part of the 2008 Annual Conference of the Ifri Energy program, this background paper written by Coby van der Linde, director of the Clingendael International Energy,  provided the participants with insight and analysis. Two other...

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China and Foreign Investors. The End of a Beautiful Friendship?

Françoise NICOLAS

Asie.Visions 4, April 2008

The promotion of FDI has been an important component of China's economic reform process and China has become one of the most important destinations of FDI. Although heavy-handed interventionism is nothing new in China, the direction of...

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Wortkrieg um das europäische Selbstverständnis : eine Vergleichsanalyse der Türkei-Debatte in Deutschland und Frankreich

Claire Demesmay

in Frank Baasner (dir.), Von welchem Europa reden wir? Reichweiten nationaler Europadiskurse, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2008.

Debate on European identity : French-German analysis of Turkish membership issue Since a few years not only a handful of experts or politicians have serious discussions about the Turkish membership issue, in fact it has become a topical subject of...

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The Irano-Armenian Alliance

Clément THERME

Clément Therme, Journal of International & Strategic Studies No. 1 of the Centre Européen de Recherches Internationales & Stratégiques (CERIS), Spring 2008.

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Regards sur la politique européenne intérieure et extérieure de l'énergie

Jacques LESOURNE

Note de l'Ifri, March 2008

Au cours des derniers mois, la Commission Européenne a présenté plusieurs propositions législatives relatives à l’énergie : - le troisième paquet énergie du 19 septembre 2007,- le plan...

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Mediterranean Union Initiative: the Maghreb's Opinion

mohsen finan

Minutes of the breakfast debate organized by Khadija Mohsen Finan on March 11, 2008 at Ifri.

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L'Iran : exportateur de gaz ?

Clément THERME

Note de l'Ifri, March 2008

Le développement du secteur gazier n'a, jusqu'à présent, pas permis à l'Iran de devenir l'un des acteurs gaziers principaux, que ce soit sur le marché régional ou international. Ce sous-développement...

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France - Algeria: a Way Out of the Memoirs Conflict

mohsen finan

Minutes of the conference organized by Khadija Mohsen-Finan on February 20, 2008 at Ifri.

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Strategic culture and defense policy in China

Working paper presented to the 3rd Congress of Réseau Asie, 26-27-28 September 2007, Maison de la Chimie, Paris

Valérie Niquet, Director of Centre Asie Ifri, Working group 'Strategic Culture and Defense Policy in Asia', working paper presented to the 3rd Congress of Réseau Asie, 26-27-28 September 2007, Maison de la Chimie, Paris.

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Strategic culture and the military normalisation of Japan

Céline PAJON

Working group 'Strategic culture and defense policy in Asia'

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What Scope for an EU - ASEAN FTA ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas and Bernadette Andreosso-O'Callaghan, Journal of World Trade, vol. 41, n°1, février 2008.

The starting point of the paper is that an agreement will, sooner or later, be negotiated between ASEAN and the EU. As a result, the objective of the paper is not to examine the rationale for such an agreement but to outline its possible scope....

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From internationalization to globalization : successes and challenges.

Jacques MISTRAL

Jacques Mistral, Head of Economic Studies, Constructif n°19, February 2008.

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L'Europe prochaine. Regards franco-allemands sur l'avenir de l'Union européenne

Martin Koopmann, Stephan Martens (dir.)

Paris, L'Harmattan, Collection "Logiques politiques", 2008, 400 p.

A l'occasion du 50e anniversaire de la signature des traités de Rome, des auteurs français et allemands font le point sur la construction européenne. Si ce sont Paris et Bonn/Berlin qui, en commun, ont donné les...

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The IMF and the World Bank: Twin Sisters or Enemy Brothers ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, L'Essentiel des relations internationales, n°7, Décembre 2007.

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Le Traité modificatif, une étape utile! Mais le défi européen reste entier!

defraigne

Pierre Defraigne, Director at Eur-Ifri, Brussels, November 2007

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Transparency Measures in Space?

Laurence NARDON

Working document, November 2007

This paper was presented at the Conference “Improving Our Vision II: Building Transparency and Cooperation,” organized in London by the Center for Defense Information (CDI) and the Eisenhower Center for Space and Defense Studies of...

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"I have to be the leader in all, especially concerning Bank matters".

Jacques Mistral, Head of Economics Studies, Telos.

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L'Immigration choisie est-elle possible ?

Christophe BERTOSSI

L'essentiel des relations internationales, n°17, novembre-décembre 2007, pp. 24-26

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The Mediterranean: the French's Coming Back?

Dorothée SCHMID

Dorothée Schmid in Confluences Méditerranée no. 63, Autumn 2007.

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France, Grande-Bretagne: deux leçons non apprises

Christophe BERTOSSI

Après-demain, n°4, November 2007, p 20-24

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Space Weaponization: US Projects, European Reactions

Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, Octobre 2007

In the wake of the Chinese asat tests of the Summer of 06 and of January 07, should the U.S. and Europe develop a new attitude regarding weapons in space? This new Ifri policy paper on space weaponization was written with the support of the...

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Space Situational Awareness and International Policy

Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, October 2007

This Working Paper was written as a presentation for an Expert Meeting on "Space Situational Awareness for Europe", organized by the European Space Policy Institute (ESPI) in Vienna, on september 6th, 2007.

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Debt Accumulation and Credit Wildfire

Jacques MISTRAL

Jacques Mistral, Head of Economic Research, Document de travail 15, October 2007.

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The Transatlantic Economic Partnership in a Globalization Era

Jacques MISTRAL

Jacques Mistral, Head of Economic Research, Document de travail 16, october 2007.

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Coopérations transfrontalières et nationalisme régional. Lectures différenciées de la problématique régionale en Europe

Stefan Martens

in : Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, octobre 2007, pp. 25-44.

Pour diminuer les disparités de niveau de vie, pour promouvoir des relations de bon voisinage et attirer des investissements, les acteurs publics et économiques s'appuient de plus en plus souvent sur le développement de...

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In Washington, while Congress governs, the President runs the Administration

Jacques MISTRAL

Article on the Rue89 website

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Enjeux énergétiques en Asie

Valérie NIQUET

Note de l'Ifri, October 2007

Energy challenges represent one of the most important security paradigms in the Asia Pacific region where you have a mixture of growing energy dependency, fuelled by high economic growth, the emergence of new major players like China and India, and...

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L'Environnement aux États-Unis : entre jurisprudence et politique

Yves-Marie Péréon

Note de l'Ifri, August 2007

The U.S. Supreme Court has recently released two important decisions addressing environmental protection issues: wetlands protection (June 2006) and climate change (April 2007). The Court rulings illustrate the key part played by the American legal...

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Islamism - The Jihadism in Maghreb

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, Ramsès 2008.

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UE/Russia : from Stagnation to depression

Thomas GOMART

Thomas Gomart, Revue du Marché commun et de l'Union européenne, no.510, juillet-août 2007, p 423-429.

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L'Iran : une puissance énergétique (ré)émergente

Denis BAUCHARD, Clément THERME

Note de l'Ifri, September 2007

L’Iran a toujours été un acteur majeur dans l’économie des hydrocarbures. Historiquement, au début du XXe siècle, il est le pays qui, le premier au Moyen-Orient, a connu un développement rapide...

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L'Iran : Une puissance énergétique (ré)émergente

Denis BAUCHARD et Clément THERME

Note de l'Ifri, September 2007

L'Iran a toujours été un acteur majeur dans l'économie des hydrocarbures. Historiquement, au début du XXe siècle, il est le pays qui, le premier au Moyen-Orient, a connu un développement rapide de sa...

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Französische Aussenpolitik unter Nicolas Sarkozy

Stephan Martens

in : Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 38/2007, 17 septembre 2007, pp. 18-25.

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Outlook

montbrial

Thierry de Montbrial, RAMSES 2008, September 12th, 2007

This vast review of the whole international topicality clarifies and explains the strong points, the turnings and the constants of the period 2006-2007.

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Russia, International and Internal Stakes - Special Issue of Politique étrangère

kastoueva-jean

Coordination : Thomas Gomart et Tatiana Kastouéva-Jean, Centre Russie.NEI de l'Ifri• La vision russe du monde• La Russie : incertitudes internes• La Russie : nouvelle puissance régionale• La Russie, partenaire de l'UE

Ce hors-série souhaite mettre en valeur l'expertise de l'Ifri sur La Russie post-soviétique à travers une approche multidisciplinaire. Il rassemble des auteurs connus pour leurs recherches sur l'ex-bloc soviétique autour des principales thématiques:...

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Are the Economies of ASEAN and the EU Complementary ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas and Bernadette Andreosso-O'Callaghan, ASEAN Economic Bulletin, vol. 24, n°2, August 2007

The revival of EU-ASEAN economic relations has recently been stirred by the EU-ASEAN Vision Group that was set up in 2005, with the aim of looking into the possibility of a free trade area (FTA) between the two regions. This article analyses the...

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Chancen und Herausforderungen einer europäischen Zivilgesellschaft

Claire Demesmay

in : J. Nida-Rümelin / W. Weidenfeld (ed.), Europäische Identität: Voraussetzungen und Strategien, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2007, pp. 231-248.

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Sarkozy in the view of Germany: a partner with multiple facets

Hans Stark

France Forum, n° 26, june 2007, pp.35-38.

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German presidency of the EU: from a "square root" to the quadrature of the circle

Hans Stark

Regards sur l'économie allemande, n° 82, july 2007, pp. 5-12.

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Resurgence of Terrorist Activities in North Africa

mohsen finan

Minutes of the restricted roundtable organized by Khadija Mohsen-Finan on July 2, 2007 at Ifri.

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Le régionalisme commercial, quelle réalité, quels dangers ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas in Annuaire français des relations internationales 2007, Bruylant, 2007

The movement of proliferation of regional trade agreements (RTAs), since the creation of the WTO, stands out from previous movements due to its dynamism, the intertwining of agreements (bilateral, regional and multilateral), the ambition displayed...

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Iran Rations its Petrol Consumption

Clément THERME

on Caucaz.com, 13/07/2007 issue

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The Russo-Iranian Relation to the Nuclear Crisis Test

Clément THERME

Clément Therme, Questions internationales No. 25, June 2007.

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Space, a New Field for Strategic Thinking

Laurence NARDON

Politique étrangère, 2/2007 (Summer)

This is the introduction to a special issue of Politique étrangère on Space as "a new field of strategic thinking". Authors from America, Russia, Brussels and France explore recent evolutions in military choices and in the governance...

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The Reorganization of Middle East

Denis BAUCHARD

Denis Bauchard, Politique étrangère, 2:2007, (été). 'The situation of Middle East is now worst than in 2002, before the definition of an American strategy whose effects have been disastrous.'

Buy the article on CAIRN websiteAbstractObviously, the ambitious Greater Middle East project has failed. In Iraq, confrontation between communities provides a safe haven for terrorists. The Palestinian issue is not solved. In Lebanon, Hezbollah was...

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The Outlook for the French Space Program

Laurence NARDON

Politique étrangère, 2/2007 (Summer)

Starting in the 1960's, France has sought to become a prominent space-faring country, leading other European nations in the quest for space. Europe nowadays boasts numerous private-sector, scientific and military co-operation programs....

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Russia and the Bologna Process: European by Education?

Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN

Politique étrangère, 2:2007, (été). 'Russia aims to strenghten links with European Union, says Vladimir Putin, who improves the usual ambivalence of Russian policy.'

Buy the article on CAIRN website AbstractIn 2003, Russia joined the Bologna process, which aims to create common European higher education space. This process, although not in the strict European Union framework, is an interface with Russia in...

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Terrorist Activities Regain in Maghreb

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, la Tribune, June 2007.

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The Jihadism Expansion in Maghreb

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, AFKAR.

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Models of Integration : Public Philosophies, Policies and State Institutions

Christophe BERTOSSI

Oxford, University of Oxford, Centre on Migration Policy and Society (COMPAS), Working Paper 07-46, mai 2007

For a long time, French and British integration policies have formed two mutually exclusive paradigms. Based on ideological elements introduced by the French Revolution, French citizenship refuses any ethno-racial based distinction in the public...

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L'ASEAN au coeur de l'intégration économique en Asie orientale - Mythes, réalités, perspectives

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Accomex, n°75, mai/juin, 2007

Until recently, the only formal body of regional integration in East Asia was the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) which had been established in 1967, primarily for political reasons and with modest economic ambitions. As a result,...

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La sécurité des approvisionnements énergétiques en Europe : principes et mesures

Jan Horst KEPPLER

Note de l'Ifri, April 2007

L'Europe connaît enfin un débat sur sa politique d'énergie et la sécurité de ses approvisionnements énergétiques. Après un trop long silence, média, politiques, industriels et experts se...

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The Franco-Turkish Relationship in Turmoil

Dorothée SCHMID

Dorothée Schmid, EDAM Report, Istanbul, January 2007

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North Africa/Middle East:Contribution for a France's Voluntarist Policy

Avicenne Report, April 2007, with the contribution of Denis Bauchard, Adviser, North Africa/Middle East Unit, Ifri.

On the eve of the presidential elections, a reflexion group has gathered researchers and diplomates who have been involved for many years in the relationship between France and North African/Middle Eastern countries. The conclusion of their workshop...

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Interrogation around the Security Agreement between Japan and Australia

Lettre du Centre Asie 14

Interrogations autour de l'accord de sécurité nippo-australienLe 13 mars 2006, le Japon et l'Australie ont signé une déclaration conjointe sur la coopération en matière de sécurité. Cet accord,...

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The Restructuring of the Russian Space Industry

Laurence NARDON et Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN

Note de l'Ifri, April 2007

Russia has been a major space power since the very beginning of the space era. After a difficult decade, it is now reshaping its space effort. A new Federal Space Program has been launched and a vast effort of industrial reorganization is...

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Complementarity and Rivalry in EU-China Economic Relations in the 21st Century

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Senior Fellow, Ifri and Bernadette Andreosso-O'Callaghan, Director, Euro-Asia Center, University of Limerick, Ireland, European Foreign Affairs Review, vol.12, n°1, 2007

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Galileo and the Profit Motive, how to make Europe's future satellite navigation system most beneficial?

Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, March 2007.

At a time when negotiations between partners in the Galileo Concession are so difficult, it seems urgent to optimize the Galileo business case by identifying new applications for the system's five signals. This Note tries to assess ways to enhance...

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L'armée française face à la diversité : les militaires issus de l'immigration

Catherine Wihtol de Wenden, Christophe BERTOSSI

CASOAR, n°186, mars 2007

Cette réflexion sur la diversité culturelle et religieuse dans l'armée est avant tout une contribution à l'analyse de la citoyenneté sur un thème mal connu et peu étudié en France : les...

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International Relations and Security of Energy Supply: Risks to Continuity and Geopolitical Risks

Jan Horst KEPPLER

A study requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs

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War 2.0

rid

Thomas Rid, Policy Review (Web Special), February 2007

The web's emerging organizing principles increasingly govern the management of violence. The new media consequently offer both a set of new metaphors to understand the character of today's wars and a socio-technological platform that remodels the...

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Les valeurs de la République : patrie et universalisme

demesmay

Claire Demesmay, in: Cahiers français, Nr. 336, January-February 2007.

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The Clash of Emotions

Dominique MOISI

Dominique Moïsi, Foreign Affairs, January/February 2007

The world today faces not only a clash of civilizations but a clash of emotions as well. The West displays -- and is divided by -- a culture of fear, while the Arab and Muslim worlds are trapped in a culture of humiliation and much of Asia displays...

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What Future for the Russo-Iranian Relations?

Clément THERME

on GIPRI's site.

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China and Central Asia

Valérie Niquet, Perspectives chinoises, n°96, July-August 2006

En dépit de la fin de la guerre froide et de l'éclatement de l'URSS, l'Asie centrale constitue toujours un élément essentiel de la stratégie de sécurité de la République populaire de Chine....

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The Moon, a Common Heritage of Mankind? How to Exploit Lunar Ressources within the Framework of International Law

Sabine AKBAR

Note de l'Ifri, December, 2006.

In the light of Nasa's project of a Return to the Moon, Sabine Akbar addresses the legal debates surrounding the future scientific and commercial exploitation of Lunar ressources. Sabine Akbar is a Research Associate at the Institut...

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Space Weaponization: U.S. Projects

Laurence NARDON

Note de l'Ifri, December 2006

The Bush administration has shown renewed interest for the weaponization of space. This policy paper was an out-put of the "Observatoire de la Stratégie Américaine", an Ifri-led research project for the Délégation aux ...

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France and ESDP

Hans Stark

in : Klaus Brummer (ed.), The Big 3 and ESDP. France, Germany and the United Kingdom, European Foreign and Security Policy, N° 5, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh, November 2006, pp. 11-21

This article analyses teh contribution of France to the emergence of a European security and defence policy 5ESDP) and the French perception towards its evolution. Hans Stark exposes the specificity of the French position.Since the Maastricht...

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Equality of everyone vs. individuality of each one

Janine Ziegler

"L'égalité de tous versus l'individualité de chacun - Le principe de la séparation de l'Église et de l'État et la polémique de voile à l'école publique en France et en Allemagne", Visions franco-allemandes, n°10, novembre 2006

Si l'existence du principe de séparation de l'Église de l'État dans les systèmes politiques français et allemand peut être vue comme un parallèle de fait, la conception de ce principe et sa...

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China : benefits and setbacks of globalization

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise NICOLAS, in Questions Internationales, n°22, novembre-décembre 2006.

Although it is often said that globalization enriches the rich and impoverishes the poor and therefore causes inequality, the reality seems to be much more complex. Firstly the aggravation of inequality in the world has not been proven; it all...

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The new grammar of German power

Stephan Martens

"La nouvelle grammaire de la puissance allemande", in Revue d'Allemagne et des pays de langue allemande, tome 38, numéro 3, juillet-septembre 2006, pp. 429-446.

Après la Seconde guerre mondiale, le rejet de la puissance et la culture de la retenue ont constitué  les deux piliers  de la culture politique allemande. A partir de 1990, la politique étrangère de l'Allemagne...

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Mapping European and American Economic Initiatives towards Israel and the Palestinian Authority and their Effects on Honest Broker Perception

Dorothée Schmid, with Stephen Calleya (Malta Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies), Shai Moses and Alfred Tovias (Hebraic University of Jerusalem), EuroMeSCo's Report, October 2006

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The Adaptation of EU and US Democracy Promotion Programmes to the Local Political Context in Jordan and Palestine and their Relevance to Grand Geopolitical Designs

Dorothée Schmid, with Fares Braizat (Center for Strategic Studies, Amman), EuroMeSCo Report, October 2006

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L'Iran et la Russie : une confiance limitée

Clément THERME

Clément Therme, on Caucaz europenews website

Read the article

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European Policies for Democracy in the Mediterranean

Dorothée SCHMID

Dorothée Schmid, in Med. 2006 : l'année 2005 dans l'espace Euroméditerranéen, IEMed. and Fundacio CIDOB, 2006

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The Europeans and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict : A Paradoxically United Stand

in Défense nationale, August-September 2006

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Algeria: President Bouteflika's Great Options

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, Ramsès 2007.

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Outlook

montbrial

Thierry de Montbrial, RAMSES 2007, September 15th, 2006

Read the full text in French (pdf-121k)

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Etre ou ne pas être : (auto-)perceptions européennes à travers le prisme de la guerre en Irak

Claire Demesmay

Journal of European Integration, Volume 28, Number 4, September 2006, pp. 331-356.

In this article the author examines the Europeans' behaviour during the Iraq crisis and attempts to sketch European identity in this context. The conflict of 2002/2003 revealed how European public opinion apprehended the question of military...

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Les déterminants du poids des partis religieux en Israël

(Israel: Understanding the Success of Religious Parties), Marc Hecker, Confluences Méditerranée, nr57, 2006, pp.177-190.

AbstractOver the last 20 years, the influence of religious parties in Israel has tremendously risen. The causes of this success are analyzed in this article. The Israeli electoral system based on proportionality, the efficiency of the campaigns led...

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Building an Early Warning System

Hélène LAVOIX

Notes de l'Ifri, Paris, 2006.

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European Community: Policy and Practice on Governance and Democracy. Research in Morroco

Dorothée SCHMID

Dorothée Schmid, London, a One World Action Report, July 2006

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German cultural studies at French university

Stephan Martens

"La civilisation allemande dans les études germaniques en France: ingénierie et atouts", Visions franco-allemandes, n°8, juillet 2006.

Alors même que la civilisation souffre, de part et d'autre du Rhin, d'une reconnaissance moindre que la littérature ou la linguistique, elle constitue une véritable passerelle entre les études de langue et les sciences...

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La nouvelle place de l'Allemagne sur la scène internationale

Hans Stark

Questions internationales, n°19, mai-juin 2006, p.85-91.

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The Strategical Understanding Between Russia and Iran

Clément THERME

Clément Therme, MENA Perspectives, May 2006

The author is candidat PhD, Ifri.Read the text in French (Pdf-214ko)

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Which continuity for the foreign policy of the great coalition?

Stephan Martens

Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, n°175, janvier-mars 2006

Cet article analyse le changement de paradigme qu'a créé la formation d'une grande coalition en Allemagne et ses répercussions par rapport à la conduite des affaires étrangères allemandes. Cette grande...

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Conceiving, ambitions and contradictions of the european policy of Germany

Hans STARK

Hans Stark, in: Claire Demesmay, Hans Stark (éds.), Qui sont les Allemands?, Presses universitaires du Septentrion, avec le concours de l'Ifri, mars 2006, p. 273-293.

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The westernization of Germany

martens

Stephan Martens, in: Claire Demesmay, Hans Stark (éds.), Qui sont les Allemands?, Presses universitaires du Septentrion, publié avec le concours de l'Ifri, mars 2006, p. 25-43.

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Turkish Immigrants in Germany

Claire Demesmay, Simone Weske, Faruk Sen

Faruk Sen, Intégration ou exclusion? La situation des migrants d'origine turque en Allemagne", Note du Cerfa, n°31(a), mars 2006 ; Claire demesmay, Simone Weske, "Si loin, si proche : les Allemands et la question turque", Note du Cerfa, n° 31(b), mars 2006

In Germany 2.5 million citizens are Turkish or Turkish descendants. They have an impact on the political, social and economic landscape of contemporary Germany. The issue of Turkish immigrants has evolved from the 1960s' ' Immigrant...

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The memory of the DDR: nostalgia of bygones days or need of gratefullness

Claire Demesmay

in : Claire Demesmay, Hans Stark (éds.), Qui sont les Allemands?, Presses universitaires de Septentrion, publié avec le concours de l'Ifri, mars 2006, p. 59-77

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Russian Foreign Policy: Strange Inconsistency

Thomas GOMART

 Russian Series, 06/12 (E), March 2006

available on Conflict Studies Research Centre website, english version of: 'politique étrangère russe : l'étrange inconstance', published in politique étrangère 1:2006.

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Special and Differential Treatment: the twin challenges of preference erosion and developing countries differentiation

novel

Jean-Marie Paugam, Serge Perrin and Anne-Sophie Novel, Policy Brief Paper, IFRI-AFD

This document reports of our international conference of October 28, 2005, on the future of the trade preferences and the differentiation of the developing countries within the WTO.Read the full text  (pdf-166k)

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Syria : the Year of Living Dangerousely

Judith CAHEN

Actualité Maghreb / Moyen-Orient n°4, 13 janvier 2006.

Read the full report in French (pdf - 97k). 

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Which Foreign and Security Policy for the

Hans STARK

Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, 174, October-December 2005.

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China Amphibious Capabilities

An article by Bernard Cole and Valérie Niquet, directeur du Centre asie ifri, in Steve Tsang ed., If China Attacks Taiwan, Routledge, London, 2006, pp. 146-159

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Localisation de la production en Europe : impact de l'élargissement et de la mondialisation

sachwald

By Frédérique Sachwald, published in 'L'industrie en France et la mondialisation' edition et diffusion SESSI, service des études et des statistiques industrielles, Ministère de l'économie, des finances et de l'industrie

Read full text

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Quel bilan pour la politique étrangère et de sécurité de l'Allemagne de Schröder ?

Hans STARK

Géopolitique, 91, September-November 2005, pp. 67-74

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Mauritania after the Putsch in 2005

Alain Antil, Politique étrangère, 4/2005, (Winter).

Buy the article on CAIRN websiteRésuméThe coup d'etat (August 3, 2005) overthrew Maaouya Ould Sid' Ahmed Taya (1984-2005), whose internal management (fallen through democratic turning) and choices of foreign politics (bringing together...

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Why and How Differentiate Developing Countries in the WTO? Theoretical Options and Negotiating Solutions

novel

Anne-Sophie Novel and Jean-Marie Paugam (English written paper, to be release in hard copy in the beginning of 2006)

Full Text of the Paper (pdf -359k)

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What's wrong with Lisbon?

Pierre Defraigne

Pierre Defraigne, from low to high quality growth - Fondation Universitaire, EU-JAPAN Conference, Brussels

Read full text (pdf-67k)

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A reform of the WTO ?, Universalia 2006, Encyclopaedia Universalis

paugam

Jean-Marie Paugam to be published

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L'Iran quatre mois après l'élection présidentielle

Denis Bauchard, Actualité Maghreb / Moyen-Orient n°3, 28 octobre 2005.

Read the full report in French (pdf - 49k). 

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L'Allemagne à la recherche d'une majorité perdue

Hans STARK

Regards sur l'économie allemande, 73, October 2005, p. 19-26

'L'Allemagne serait-elle devenue ingouvernable ? La République de Berlin renouerait-elle avec les traditions de la République de Weimar ?' Hans Stark analyse la 'double défaite' d'Angela Merkel et Gerhard Schröder aux...

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Délocalisations : promouvoir l'évolution du système productif français

sachwald

(Delocalisations: Stimulating the Evolution of the French Production System) Frédérique Sachwald, revised version of a chapter published in ' Demain l'emploi si..., (Didier, Ed., Economica) October 2005.Read full text (pdf-34k)

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The relations between civilians and servicemen within a democracy: the German case compared to other western armies

soloch

Krzysztof Soloch et Raphaël Godenzi, in François Gresle (ed.), Les conséquences de la professionnalisation sur les armées et l'identité militaire, l'Harmattan, Paris, 2005.

AbstractWhen the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany were created in the middle of the 1950s, the burden of the past entailed a deep reflection on the role of servicemen in the society. The purpose was not only to confine the power of...

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Les autres relations franco-allemandes : le rôle de la société civile dans le rapprochement entre Français et Allemands

Claire DEMESMAY

Transnational Associations, July-September 2005, 187-196

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Maghreb between Necessary Openings and Possible Autoritarismes

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, Ramsès 2006.

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Outlook

montbrial

Thierry de Montbrial, RAMSES 2006, September 15th, 2005

Read the full text in French (pdf-116k)

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Irak : scénarios pour le futur

Denis Bauchard, Actualité Maghreb / Moyen-Orient n°1, septembre 2005.

The Iraki situation analysed. Read the report in French (pdf - 65k)

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European Trade Policy and Poverty Reduction: Challenges Ahead

defraigne

Remarks by Pierre Defraigne, European Parliament, Committee on International Trade, Hearings on the contribution of trade in combating huunger and poverty

Speech (pdf-42k)

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Fluid Conflicts: Concepts and Scenarios

Aline LEBOEUF

Aline Leboeuf, Politique étrangère, 3/2005, (Autumn).

Buy the article on CAIRN websiteAbstractRapid and ongoing transformation of conflicts, or 'fluidity,' may well become the most intriguing and destabilizing characteristic of the future international environment. What would such a scenario imply in...

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Technology Policy for Energy and Climate Change. Lessons From the Past 30 Years

Robert MARLAY, Burton KOSKE

Policy Paper, August 2005

The 11 case studies reviewed in this paper constitute various approaches under the overall framework of hedging strategies. They include both "successes" and "failures," viewed from the benefit of hindsight. Collectively, they suggest a number of...

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EU Integration: Present Challenges and Prospects. Any Lesson for Latin America?

defraigne

Remarks by Pierre Defraigne, INTAL 40th Anniversary, Workshop organized by the Interamerican Development Bank (BID), Buenos Aires

Reed full text (pdf-58k)

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China's Energy Supply: Markets and Policies

Pierre NOËL, Michal MEIDAN

Policy Paper, August 2005

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Hong Kong 2005: What Are the Objectives of Developing Countries?

novel

Report of the conference of June 24, 2005, by Jean-Marie Paugam and Anne-Sophie Novel

Read Full Text in French (pdf-62k)

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Trade and Domestic Reforms

defraigne

Contribution by Pierre Defraigne to an EPC Issue Paper (European Policy Centre) on 'Revamping Development Efforts: An assessment of development policy in the EU' 

EPC Issue Paper (pdf-746ko)

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Allemagne – Peco. Une relation fluctuante

Hans STARK

Courrier des pays de l'Est, 1049, July 2005, p. 4-14

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Un siège permanent pour l'Allemagne au Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU ?

Hans STARK

Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, 172, April-June 2005, p. 4-18

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Korea and the Dual Chinese Challenge

Françoise NICOLAS

A publication by Françoise Nicolas, Economist, Centre asie ifri. Editor : KIEP (Korea Institute for International Economic Policy)

Contents Executive SummaryI. IntroductionII. The Rise of China: A Dual Challenge for Korea1. China as a major trading partner2. China as a competitot in third markets3. The 'huge sucking sound' from China: is it for real?4. China's rise as a...

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Paths to Regionalisation - Comparing Experiences in East Asia and Europe

Françoise NICOLAS

A book co-edited by Sophie Boisseau du Rocher. Report of the public conference about Regionalisation organized by Centre asie ifri and ASEF on October 1-2-3, 2003.

What are the different paths toward region-building? What are the ideas, dynamics and means that contribute to changing a geographic area into a politically-construscted community? Is there something to be shared between Asia and Europe's...

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"Les quatre espaces":concept d'hier, d'aujourd'hui ou de demain

Thomas GOMART

('What about the Four Common Spaces? Past, Current or Future Notion?')Thomas Gomart in Evropa n.5 (50), May 2005, p5-6

Read the full text (pdf-51k) in french

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L'OMC au défi du GATT : bilan du système commercial multilatéral

paugam

Jean-Marie Paugam, in Cahiers Français n°325

The Cahiers Français, entitled 'Mondialisation et Commerce International' of the Documentation Française, May 2005.Link to the Publication

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Hong Kong 2005 : objectifs français et feuille de route pour les négociations de l'OMC

novel

('Hong Kong 2005: French Goals and Road Map for the WTO Negotiations')Report of the conference of March 11, 2005, by Jean-Marie Paugam and Anne-Sophie Novel

Read full text in French (pdf-55k)

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Frankreich in der Welt: Weltpolitik zwischen Anspruch und Wirklichkeit

Hans STARK, Ingo KOLBOOM

in : A. Kimmel et H. Uterwedde (dir.), Länderbericht Frankreich, Bonn, Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung, 2005

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Is China driving economic integration in East Asia ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise NICOLAS, in Sociétal, n° 48, 2nd quarter 2005.

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HIV-AIDS: A Security Issue/Le VIH-Sida: enjeux de sécurité

Aline LEBOEUF

Département des études de sécurité, Document de travail 7-8, Paris, Ifri, April 2005. About  the  strategic and security stakes of AIDS.

AbstractWhile it now seems to be accepted that security is a precondition for development, HIV/AIDS has yet to be fully recognized not only as a solidarity and development issue, but also as a human and strategic security issue. Within this scope,...

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Catching up with the US: Mission Impossible for the French Economy ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Kudan Square, n° 19, March 2005.

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French Uneasiness with the Turkish issue

Claire DEMESMAY, Eddy FOUGIER

in: Angelos Giannakopoulos / Konstadinos Maras (eds.), Die Türkei-Debatte in Europa - Ein Vergleich, vs Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 1. edition, January 2005, p. 49-62

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France's role in the World

Hans STARK

Hans Stark, in: Informationen zur politischen Bildung, Frankreich, n°285, bpb, 4. trimestre 2004, p.49-57

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These Defiant French : Turkey's Membership to the EU in Question

Claire DEMESMAY, Eddy FOUGIER

Le Débat, n°133, January-February 2005, Gallimard, p. 126-137

Second semester 2004 in France has been characterised by an animated debate on the prospects concerning the membership of Turkey of the European Union. In France, this debate seems to be more passionate and intense than anywhere else. Moreover, the...

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Germany in the New European Order

Hans STARK

Etudes Germaniques, 59, le statut international de l'Allemagne - Des traités de Westphalie aux accord '2+4', études réunies par Georges-Henri Soutou et Jean-Marie Valentin, October-December 2004, Didier érudition, p.909-931

The signature of September 12th 1990 of the German Treaty, usually called the ' 2+4 Treaty', has given Germany its full sovereignty and ended the chapter of the 'Deutsche Frage'. Even if the scope that was laid down with this treaty, has been a real...

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Power concentration and circumvention after the cold war

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Chapter in French in Renaud BELLAIS (dir.), Economie et défense. Nouvelles frontières entre Etats et marchés, Paris, Descartes &Cie, 2005, pp. 17-43.

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D'une étrange Russie

Dominique DAVID

Dominique David, Etudes, January 2005, n.4021

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The State and the French press during the 1991 Gulf war

Marc HECKER

Marc Hecker, in Yves Déloye, Didier Georgakakis and Denis Rolland (eds), Les Républiques en propagande, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2006.

This article is part of a book containing the proceedings of a conference entitled 'Les Républiques en propagande'. This conference took place in October 2004. It was organized by the Centre d'Histoire de Sciences Po and the Groupe de Sociologie...

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Towards a New Transatlantic Rivalry?

paugam

Jean-Marie Paugam and Dorothée Schmid, Politique étrangère, 4/2004 (Winter 2004).

AbstractAt the G8 Summit of Sea Island George W. Bush launched a "Partnership for the Broader Middle East and North Africa". His project for the development and democratization of the region builds on previous American and European initiatives. It...

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Aide et commerce, une nécessaire complémentarité

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Accomex, September-October 2004

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The China Policy of the European Union

An article by Valérie Niquet, Director, Centre Asie Ifri, in K. Santhanam and Srikanth Kondapalli Ed., Asian Security and China 2000-2010, IDSA-Shipra, New Delhi, 2004.

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American Fiscal Policy: Trends, Effects, and Implications

This text by William Gale and Peter Orszag is a critical and theoretical analysis of Bush's budgetary policies since 2000.

William Gale and Peter Orszag (Brookings Institution) elaborate on the theoretical debate dealing with the links between deficits, savings and interest rates. Along with this analysis, they make a critical assessment of Bush's budgetary...

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European Governance and European Public Opinion on Trade and Sustainable Development

paugam

Based on the Conclusions of the SUSTRA Workshop on 'European Governance and European Public Opinion on Trade and Sustainable Development', 03-04 June 2004, IFRI, Paris (France)

Policy Brief Paper (pdf - 256 Ko)

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Quand les médias s'en vont-en guerre

Marc HECKER

('The Media go to War'), Marc Hecker, Revue Militaire Suisse, n°11-12, November-December 2004, pp. 41-45

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Managing pluralist elections in an " imposed " democracy. The example of the October 2001 elections in Mauritania

Alain ANTIL

Alain Antil, L'Ouest Saharien, no. 4, 2004, p. 91-111.

AbstractIn sub-Saharan Africa, exogenous – and particularly western – forms of political action and structure, like the nation-state or the political representatives through universal suffrage, have become grafted on the societies with their own...

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France's Foreign Policy

Hans STARK

in: Michael Staack, Rüdiger Voigt (Hrsg.): Europa nach dem Irak-Krieg. Ende der transatlantischen Epoche?, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden, 1. Auflage 2004, p.257-277

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Le pouvoir et la lutte anti-terroriste, entretien avec Dominique David

Dominique DAVID

Dominique David, in Nezavisimaâ Gazeta, September 13, 2004

Read the article  in French (pdf-19k)

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Enlargement Tests the Partnership Between the EU and Russia

Thomas GOMART

in Conflict Studies Research Centre, Russian Series, 04/23, August 2004,

Because of the enlargement, the partnership between the European Union and Russia is currently nearing a turning point. In fact, there is a deep gap between the institutional framework and the reality of exchanges. This article is aimed at...

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US Homeland Security

Nicolas de Boisgrollier

Policy Brief, Ifri, 2004

This brief reviews the major changes related to the new Department of Homeland Security.

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The Reform of the Intelligence Community

Nicolas de Boisgrollier

Policy Brief, Ifri, 2004

This brief gives an account of the reform of the intelligence community in the US.

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The Turkey Issue

montbrial

Thierry de Montbrial, Politique étrangère, 3/2004 (Fall 2004).

Read the first pages of the article (in French, pdf).AbstractThe question of the entry of Turkey in the Community and later in the European Union has been at issue since the treaty of association of 1963. It has become a hot topic since the Helsinki...

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Introduction

parmentier

Guillaume Parmentier, Politique étrangère, 3/2004 (Fall 2004).

Read the full text in French (pdf). This text is the introduction to 'The Bush Presidency: Parenthesis or Structural Change?'.Guillaume Parmentier is the Head of the French Center on the United States (CFE) within Ifri.

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The End of Neo-federalism? The Bush Administration and the "Devolution" of Power

vergniolle

François Vergniolle de Chantal, Politique étrangère, 3/2004 (Fall 2004).

AbstractThis article attempts to analyse the neo-federalist commitment of the Bush administration. Most analysts focus on the creation of a new Department and the resulting governmental consolidation. In this article, however, the focus is on the...

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Multilateralism and the End of History

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Philippe Moreau Defarges, Politique étrangère, 3/2004 (Fall 2004).

AbstractMultilateralism can be defined as the extension of democracy to interstate relations. It takes root in the Enlightenment era but emerges onto the political arena with Wilson and Roosevelt promoting through the League of Nations a global...

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Seeking Lost Regulation: What Rules of the Games after Cancun?

paugam

Jean-Marie Paugam and Denis Tersen, Politique étrangère, 3/2004 (Fall 2004).

AbstractAfter the failures of the Seattle and Cancun summits, the cycle of negotiations begun at Doha must without a doubt be revived if the WTO is to truly become the organisation for globalisation for all concerned. But on what basis? The...

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Revamping the Korean Financial System: Which Role for Foreign Investors ?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Asia Pacific Journal of Economics and Business, vol. 8, No 1, June 2004.

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The U.S. and Global Oil Security

Pierre NOËL

Working paper, July 2004

Far from being a predatory policy, the US oil security policy largerly amounts to the (quasi) private provision of a pure global public good.

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The Rise of China, Threat and Opportunity for the Advanced Countries

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, Politique étrangère, 2/2004, (Summer 2004)

AbstractOver the last two decades, China has been taking an increasing part in international trade. The international networks of production developed by multinational companies determine in great part the composition and geographical distribution...

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The Irresistible Rise of China in Eastern Asia

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Politique étrangère, 2/2004 (Summer 2004)

AbstractSince the beginning of the 1990's, China has been playing an increasingly central role in the process of economic integration taking place in Asia, in particular through its implication in regional networks of production, the scale of which...

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The Political Uses of Religion: The Bush Presidency

François Vergniolle de Chantal

Policy Brief, Ifri, 2004

As part of his current research interests, François de Chantal underlines the political dimensions of Bush's religious rhetoric. The Bush Presidency is apparently characterized by a deep commitment to religious values. When the President...

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Dette externe des pays émergents : comment neutraliser la volatilité des monnaies fortes ?

miotti

Luis Miotti and alii, Revue Economique, Summer 2004

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The Californian Recall and Direct Democracy in the US: a New Political Pattern?

François Vergniolle de Chantal

Policy Paper, Ifri, 2004

This paper tries to assess the rippling effects of the 2003 Californian recall on American national politics. François de Chantal substantiates the hypothesis that Governor Davis was the third victim of a broader Republican strategy...

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The great jump eastwards : a new Europe

Maxime LEFEBVRE

Revue du marché commun et de l'Union européenne, n°478, may 2004

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The Political Economy of Nuclear Energy in the United States

Pietro NIVOLA

Policy Paper,May 2006

A tendency among commentators, even experts, is to regard the complicated story of nuclear energy in the United States as exceptionally troubled and frustrating. The root cause of the troubles and frustrations, moreover, is commonly thought to be...

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Europe, a power through defence ?

Maxime LEFEBVRE

Defense nationale, May 2004

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Civil Society and Democracy in Germany

Claire DEMESMAY

La lettre de la Fondation, 132, May 2004

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Après Cancun : la double crise de l'OMC

paugam

Jean-Marie Paugam in Revue du Marché Commun et de l'Union Européenne, April 2004. (After Cancun: The Double Crises of the WTO)

Read full text (pdf-50k) in FrenchAbstractRelaunching the Doha Round must start with a shared understanding of the causes that led to the failure of Cancun, amongst the WTO membership. Yet the North and the South currently maintain parallel...

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Les frontières de la citoyenneté en Europe

Christophe BERTOSSI

Christophe Bertossi, Après-Demain, n°463, April 2004, 22-27.

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Puissance et désintégration : l'aventure irakienne

Dominique DAVID

a

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Délocalisations : une "destruction créatrice"?

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, Sociétal, n.44,Spring 2004

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A German Point of View on the Franco-British relationship in the field of European Security and Defence Policy

Gerrit SCHLOMACH, Hans STARK

Armées d'aujourd'hui, 289, April 2004, p. 28-32

Le rapprochement de la Grande-Bretagne et de la France, en matière de Politique étrangère et de sécurité et de défense (PESD, est pris en compte par les armées allemandes. Même si,...

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The Missing Link. The Nouakchott-Nouadhibou Route, the Last Trans-Saharan Stretch Tanger-Dakar

Alain ANTIL

Alain Antil, Afrique Contemporaine, n° 209, février 2004.

AbstractA road is to be built between Nouakchott and Nouadhibou before 2007, to complete the Trans-Saharan axis linking Morocco, Mauritania and Senegal. As a consequence of strengthening the nation's two major economic poles, this road might further...

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The french-german union : what for ?

Maxime LEFEBVRE

Revue du marché commun et de l'Union européenne n°475, february 2004

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What future? Franco-German relations and ESDP

Hans STARK

Note du Cerfa, 8, January 2004

Martin Koopmann is in charge of French-German relations at the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP).Hans Stark is general secretary of the Franco-German study committee (Cerfa).

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Will Europe Get its Constitution?

Maxime LEFEBVRE

Policy Paper, n°7, Ifri, January 2004.

Read full text in French (pdf)

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The Euro and Financial Relations between Latin America and Europe: Medium- and Long-term Implications

miotti

Luis Miotti, D. Plihon and C. Quenan , Regional Currency Areas in Globalization, P. Artus, A. Cartapanis, F. Legros (eds.); Edward Elgar, 2005

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International Specialisation and Trade Regimes in Argentina 1960-1999

miotti

(Spécialisation internationale et régimes commerciaux en Argentine entre 1960 et 1999),Luis Miotti, C. Quenan and C. Winograd, Latin American Economic Crises. Work published by the International Economic Association. Palgrave McMillan, 2004

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France-Germany: Lessons of the Iraq conflict

Hans STARK

Hans Stark, Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, vol.166, October-December 2003. (original French title: 'France-Allemagne: Leçons de la crise irakienne').

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Is the Transatlantic Economic Dialogue Beside the Point?

paugam

Jean-Marie Paugam, Policy Paper, n°6, Paris, Ifri, December 2003.

Read full text (pdf)AbstractTransatlantic trade and investments are intense and the two economies narrowly interlinked. Yet the Transatlantic Economic Dialogue built since the end of the cold war, through regular summit meetings of the US President...

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Les enjeux politiques des réformes économiques en RFA

Hans STARK

Regards sur l'économie allemande, 64, December 2003

L'Allemagne bouge. Mais les réformes économiques et sociales lancées non sans courage par le chancelier Schröder sont aussi au c¦ur d'une lutte pour le pouvoir qui sera d'autant plus âpre que l'Allemagne doit...

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Elections, political innovations and African elite non renewal : Djiboutian and Mauritanian examples

Alain ANTIL

Alain Antil, Espaces, Populations, Sociétés, n° 2003-3, pp. 529-535.

AbstractNow, elections are present everywhere in Africa, but only few countries really change their leaders by the polls. Almost, the first role of the elections is the legitimatization of the autocrats. It is more interesting to analyze how...

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East Asia, Production Base or Market Place ? The State of Play

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas in Communications & Strategies, n°52, 4th quarter 2003.

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La restructuration du secteur financier en Corée du Sud

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas,dans Bouissou, Jean-Marie et al. (dir), Après la crise - Les économies asiatiques face aux défis de la mondialisation , Paris, Karthala, 2003.

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Mondialisation et intégration régionale, des dynamiques complémentaires

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Comprendre l'économie - Problèmes et débats contemporains, Les Cahiers français, n°317, novembre-décembre 2003

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Les migrations de la recherche

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, Sociétal, n°42, 4/2003.

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After Enron. Wall Street and Corporate Gouvernance

Yves-Marie Péréon

Policy Paper, Ifri, 2003

Following the financial scandals of 2002 –Enron, WorldCom, etc.– US public authorities and various interested parties associated with the financial markets took a number of measures designed to restore investor confidence. The...

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Reinventing the West

Dominique MOISI

Dominique Moisi, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003).

Read full text in French (109k-pdf)AbstractThe divisions between Europe and America, as well as within Europe itself, took a turn in 2003 which bodes ill for the future, both in terms of the future of transatlantic relations and in terms of world...

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Globalisation: The Era of Refusal

fougier

Eddy Fougier, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004).

Read full text in French (114k-pdf)AbstractThe 9/11 terrorist attack didn't break the anti-globalization movement's momentum contrary to expectations, even if it had to fit these new circumstances. The movement is a revolutionary one but in a new...

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Restarting the Doha Round: In Search of a Multilateral Consensus after Cancun

paugam

Jean-Marie Paugam, Policy Paper, n°3, Paris, Ifri, 2003.

Read full text in French (pdf)

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The U.S. National Security Strategy and Middle East Oil

Pierre NOËL

Working Document, October 2003

This paper attempts to demonstrate that the ambitious U.S. policy toward the Middle East cannot be motivated by a hidden energy agenda.

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A Geopolitical Program for an Enlarged Europe

lefebvre

Maxime Lefebvre, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004).

Read full text in French (102k-pdf)AbstractEuropean foreign policy is truly paradoxical: on the one hand, Europeans are able to disagree on fundamental issues such as the relationship with the US and the necessity –or not– of a military action in...

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Théorie de la croissance: les leçons pour les pays en développement - Revue sélective de la littérature théorique et empirique

Françoise NICOLAS

Nathalie Avallone et Françoise Nicolas, Document de travail CDC-IXIS , n°2003-75/EI, Septembre 2003.

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Beyond Appearances or The Slow Progress of ESPD

howorth

Jolyon Howorth, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004).

Read full text in French (111k-pdf)AbstractThree challenges faced the EU's security and defense ambitions in the wake of the 2003 Iraq War: consolidation of the security zone around its emerging borders; re-forging its own internal unity in light of...

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Germany between National Affirmation and Multilateral Rooting

Hans STARK

Hans Stark, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004).

Read full text in French (105k-pdf)AbstractThe crisis in Iraq not only weakened the main pillars of the after-1945 global order, it also underlined the changes in the German foreign policy since Schroeder became Chancellor. For the first time since...

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Do Europeans Exist?

demesmay

Claire Demesmay, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004).

Read full text in French (102k-pdf)AbstractWhile Europe has long been an economic, juridical and institutional matter, the year 2003 (and especially the work of the Convention on the future of Europe and the debates about the plan for a future...

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Nothing Will Ever Be as it Used to, or Watersheds and International Order

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Philippe Moreau Defarges, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004).

Read full text in French (110k-pdf)AbstractA historic watershed can be defined as the springing up of uncertainty in the flow of time. What was natural and everlasting becomes precarious and debatable. What makes watersheds so uneasy to be...

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''America Has Rediscovered the Limits of Power''

montbrial

Thierry de Montbrial, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2003 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004).

AbstractWill the difficulties of post-war Iraq impact on the foreign policy of the Bush administration? Do they signal the existence of limitations to American power and if so, which are these? Will China and Russia become tomorrow's great powers?...

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La citoyenneté des jeunes en France et en Europe

Christophe BERTOSSI

Christophe Bertossi, Agora, Oct-Nov. 2003, n°34, 98-113.

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The British Engagement in Sierra Leone – from External Will to Ownership of the Reforms

Aline LEBOEUF

Aline Leboeuf, Afrique contemporaine, n. 207, Autumn 2003, pp. 99-113

AbstractThe British commitment to Sierra Leone, which is global, without precedent, and possible thanks to the partnership between the British and the Sierra Leonean governments, gave way to an increasing interdependence, which could prove dangerous...

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Les nouveaux espaces de la citoyenneté. Enjeux et obstacles d'une citoyenneté européenne

Claire DEMESMAY

Cahiers français, n° 316, September-October 2003, p. 50-55

Si le traité de Maastricht a créé une citoyenneté européenne, celle-ci n'en demeure pas moins encore très imparfaite. La libre circulation des individus au sein de l'Union consitue certes une avancée...

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FDI and the Economic Status of Korea: The Hub Strategy in Perspective

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, in Confrontation and Innovation on the Korean Peninsula, Korea Economic Institute, 2003.

Read full text (pdf-50k)This paper studies the changes in Korea's foreign direct investment (FDI) policies and examines the recent evolution of forein investment in order to discuss the current hub-based development strategy. It argues that the...

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Economies en développement - Le mythe de la souveraineté confisquée

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Philippe Moreau Defarges, Thierry de Montbrial (dir.), Ifri, Rapport Annuel Mondial sur le Système Economique et les Stratégie 2004, Paris, Dunod, 2003

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Identità europea, identificazione con l'Europa.

Claire DEMESMAY

Bulletin Européen, edizione italiana, 640, September 2003, p. 1-5

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The geopolitical dimension of the EU enlargement

Maxime LEFEBVRE

Questions internationales n°3, La documentation française, september - october 2003

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La ciudadania francesa: debates limites y perspectivas

Christophe BERTOSSI

Revista de Occidente, n°268, September 2003, 82-102.

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Perceptions of Globalization in France and in the United States

fougier

Eddy Fougier, Politique étrangère, 3/2001 - Year 66.

Abstract:Whereas the globalisation process seems to be gaining in momentum and magnitude in every industrialised country and almost every developing country, it has become one of the main stakes in the democratic debate without public opinion always...

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The Budget Crisis in the American States

François Vergniolle de Chantal

Policy Paper, Ifri, 2003

The end of FY 2003 revealed the importance of the fiscal crisis of the States. This policy paper accounts for the main political and institutional causes of this situation.

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France, Germany and the United Kingdom in the Convention

Ulrike Guérot, Kirsty Hughes, Maxime Lefebvre et Tjark Egenhoff

EPIN Working Paper, July 2003.

Read full text in English (pdf).AbstractIn this paper, we explore in more depth the positions of three of the larger countries during the Convention –France, Germany and the UK (drawing on both published position papers and on off-the-record...

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Putting Globalisation to Good Use

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, Politique étrangère, 2/2003 (Spring 2003).

Read full text in French (pdf). AbstractGlobalization is often perceived as an anonymous force imposing change from the outside upon various countries. Yet growing openness to trade and capital flows stems from choices made by governments, not only...

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Berlin, Washington and the Iraq Crisis

Hans STARK

Documents. Revue des questions allemandes, 2-2003, April-May-June 2003

Les relations particulières qu'entretiennent les États-Unis et l'Allemagne depuis la fin de la deuxième guerre mondiale semblent être actuellement dans une crise profonde – et ce malgré l'engagement allemand...

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Turkey-Europe: The German Discussion on European Identity

Claire DEMESMAY

Documents. Revue des questions allemandes, 2-2003, April-May-June 2003

L'entrée éventuelle de la Turquie dans l'UE, dans un avenir proche, a suscité en Allemagne un vif débat sur l'opportunité de cette décision, et sur les avantages et les inconvénients d'un tel...

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Civil Liberties and the War on Terrorism

François Vergniolle de Chantal

Policy Brief, Ifri, 2003

François de Chantal gives an account on the domestic aspects of the war on terrorism.

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Future and Meaning of a European Security and Defense Policy in the New International Order

klein

Jean Klein, Paper for the University of Keimyung (South Korea), May 2003 (in French only. Original title: 'Les chances et la signification d'une politique européenne de sécurité et de défense dans le nouveau contexte international').

Read full text in French (pdf-192k)

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Introduction

lepetit

Pierre Lepetit, Politique étrangère, 2/2003 (Spring 2003).

Pierre Lepetit is Executive Vice President at Ifri. Read full text in French (pdf).

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Toward a New Legitimacy of the G8

montbrial

Shadow G-8, Politique étrangère, 2/2003 (Spring 2003).

Read full text in English (pdf).AbstractThe significant destabilization of relations that occurred among leading G-8 countries in light of the war in Iraq dramatically underscored the need for the G-8 to adopt a coordinated strategy to...

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Maghreb : What it Means to Vote

mohsen finan

Khadija Mohsen-Finan, article published in Marchés Tropicaux, mai 2003.

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Liquidation politique du modèle rhénan ?

Hans STARK

Regards sur l'économie allemande, 61, May 2003, p. 7-8

La crise économique allemande est due à des raisons structurelles internes, affirme pour la première fois Gerhard Schröder en mars 2003. D'où la nécessité absolue de réformer le système...

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Lobbying and Foreign Policy. Paris, Washington, Brussels

Olivier Debouzy, Steven C. Clemons, Alan Butt Philip

Note de l'Ifri #54, Paris, 2003, 96 p.

A comparative analysis of the different ways lobbies work in France, in the US, and towards the European Union. 'Lobbying: The French Way', by Olivier DebouzyOlivier Debouzy argues that the French lobbying activity is 'by definition discrete,...

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The United States and Oil

Pierre NOËL

Working Document, April 2003

A primer on the history of the U.S. oil industry and U.S. oil policies, both domestic and international.

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The enlargement to the East : a challenge or a chance ?

Maxime Lefebvre

Maxime Lefebvre, Revue du marché commun et de l'Union européenne, n°467, avril 2003

There is no english translation of this text.

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Revolution in Military Affairs

durand

Etienne de Durand, in Les Etats-Unis et le reste du monde, Hérodote n°109, April 2003

AbstractOngoing technological progress in fields such as intelligence, target acquisition, and precision attacks have fueled a debate on the possibility that a " Revolution in Military Affairs " (RMA) might be currently unfolding. By embracing the...

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Which Exchange Rate Policy to Help Boost FDI-led Growth in ASEAN?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Pierre-Bruno Ruffini (ed.), Economic Integration and Multinational Investment Behaviour, Series on New Horizons in International Business, Edward Elgar Publishing (forthcoming).

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FDI as a Factor of Economic Restructuring: The Case of South Korea

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in A. Bende-Nabende, (ed.), International Trade, Capital Flows and Economic Development in East Asia: The Challenge in the 21st Century, London, Ashgate, 2003

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The French Antiglobalization Movement: A New French Exception?

fougier

Eddy Fougier, Policy Paper n°2, Paris, Ifri, March 2003

Read full text (pdf)Eddy Fougier is a Research Fellow at Ifri (antiglobalization movements, political ideas and opinions).

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Cooperative R&D: Why and with Whom ? An Integrated Framework of Analysis

sachwald

Luis Miotti et Frédérique Sachwald, Research Policy, 32 (2003), 1481-1499.

Please read the full text online - PDF 253 KoAbstractFirms use R&D partnerships to access knowledge and build global R&D networks. This article develops an integrated framework to examine the determinants of the choice of partners with which firms...

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Berlin-London, Berlin-Washington: Germany and its Anglo-Saxon Environment

Hans STARK

Défense, 103, January-February 2003, p. 16-17

Dans cet article, Hans Stark présente la transformation des rapports entre l'Allemagne et ses partenaires américain et britannique à l'heure de la crise irakienne.

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The Dilemmas of Germany's Foreign Policy

Hans STARK

Documents, 4, January-February 2003

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France and the Convention: Between National Interests and a European Vision

Maxime LEFEBVRE

Policy Brief, Paris, Ifri, février 2003. Full text on line.

This analysis presents the French positions at the European Convention, and the debate it is raising in France. It is part of the EPIN network's activities, which involve the CEPS and other institutes such as Ifri.

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The November 2002 Midterm Elections

François vergniolle de Chantal

Policy Brief, Ifri, 2002

In this Policy Brief, François de Chantal underlines that the last midterm elections went against the usual trend in electoral patterns.

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Germany's Presence in Central Europe: a Convergence of Interests or a Policy of Conquest?

Claire DEMESMAY

La lettre de la Fondation, 104, Paris, Robert Schuman Foundation. (original French title: La présence allemande en Europe centrale : rencontre d'intérêts ou politique de conquête ?)

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France and Europe: The Inevitable Debate

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Philippe Moreau Defarges, Politique étrangère, 4/2002 (Winter 2002). Read the full text in French (pdf).

Philippe Moreau Defarges is a Research Fellow at Ifri (Europe, global goernance, international relations) . (This article is published in French only. Original title: 'La France et l'Europe, l'inévitable débat')AbstractEurope is broken down. An...

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Paris, Berlin, London: Towards the Emergence of a European Directorate?

Hans STARK

Hans Stark, Politique étrangère, 4/2002 (Winter 2002). Read the full text in French (pdf).

Hans Stark is a Research Fellow at Ifri (Franco-German relations, ex-Yugoslavia countries). (This article is published in French only. Original title: 'Paris, Berlin et Londres: vers l'émergence d'un directoire européen?').AbstractFor about a decade...

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France, NATO and European Security: Status Quo Unsustainable, New Balance Unattainable?

howorth

Jolyon Howorth, Politique étrangère, 4/2002 (Winter 2002).Read the original text in English (pdf).

Jolyon Howorth is Jean Monnet Professor of European Politics at the University of Bath, and Associate Research Fellow at Ifri.(This article is published in French only. Original title: 'La France, l'OTAN et la sécurité européenne: statu quo...

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France, Europe and the Mediterranean: A Region of Opportunities

leveau

Rémy Leveau, Politique étrangère, 4/2002 (Winter 2002). Read the full text in French (pdf).

Rémy Leveau is a Scientific Adviser within Ifri (Maghreb, Arabic countries).(This article is published in French only. Original title: 'La France, l'Europe et la Méditerranée: un espace à construire').AbstractFor a long time, the Mediterranean...

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Dictionnary of Globalisation

noel

Pascal Lorot (ed.)Paris, Ellipses, 2001, 496 p.Pierre Noël, Politique étrangère, 4/2002, 'Book of Review'.

(This book review is published in French only. Original book's title: Dictionnaire de la mondialisation)Prises pour elles-mêmes (indépendamment du tout dans lequel elles s'insèrent), les 300 notices qui composent ce dictionnaire sont de qualité...

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2021: Europe's Odyssey

Hans STARK

La lettre de Prospective, (Paris, Groupe Prospective du Sénat), November 2002

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Six Nightmares: Real Threats in a Dangerous World and how America Can Meet Them

howorth

Anthony LakeBoston, Little Brown, 2000, 318 p.Jolyon Howorth, Politique étrangère, 4/2002, 'Review of Books'.

(This book review is published in French only)Nous savons, depuis plusieurs mois, à quel point les différents services de renseignement américains détenaient, dans les mois et même les années qui ont précédé le 11 septembre, de nombreux indices leur...

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World Trade in the 21st Century. Scenarios fo the European Union

colombani

Philippe Colombani (ed.), Report for the European Commission, Paris, Ifri, 2002.

Read the full text in French (pdf, 2886 k).

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L'expérience d'intégration monétaire européenne: leçons pour l'Asie

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Accomex, n° 48, Novembre-Décembre 2002

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Differences and Democracy in Europe

Claire DEMESMAY

La lettre de la Fondation, 97, (Paris, Robert Schuman Foundation).

To read the full text

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Germany's European Orientation after the Elections

Claire DEMESMAY

La lettre de la Fondation, 93, (Paris, Robert Schuman Foundation )

Au lendemain des élections législatives allemandes, une triple perspective se dessine quant à la politique européenne de l'Allemagne lors de la législature 2002-2006.En premier lieu, il est à parier que le...

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The Security and Defence European Policy: Positions, Perceptions, Problems, Perspectives

klein

Hans-Georg Ehrhart (ed.)Baden-Baden, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2002, 320 p.Jean Klein, Politique étrangère, 3/2002, 'Review of Books'.

(This book review is published in French only. Original book's title: Die Europäische Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik. Positionnen, Perzeptionnen, Problems, Perspektiven)Depuis le sommet franco-britannique de Saint-Malo (1998), les pays...

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After Oslo: Failed Peace or True War?

May chartouni-dubarry

Politique étrangère, 3/2002.

Read the full text in French (pdf).AbstractThe ups and downs of the Israel-Palestine peace process have made way for a non-conventional war that is all too real: this about-turn can be explained by Israel's political radicalisation (Ariel Sharon's...

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Four Pathways of Power: The Dynamics of Contemporary U.S. Federal Policy Making

Timothy J. Conlan, David R. Beam, Paul L. Posner

Policy Paper, Ifri, 2002

The process of creating public policy in the United States can vary widely from one program to the next, even within a single field. The process may be directed by the president in one case, guided by the norms of technical experts in a second,...

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Les pays en développement: unité et diversité

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Les Cahiers français, n°310, La Documentation française, Septembre-Octobre 2002

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The War on Terrorism: What Does it Mean for the Institutions?

François Vergniolle de Chantal

Policy Brief, Ifri, 2002

For the past 40 years, the Grand Old Party has been working at reducing the size of the central Government. But the current war against terrorism led by George W. Bush's Administration could challenge the traditional Republican committment...

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Les vagues de fusions-acquisitions

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, in Les nouvelles logiques de l'entreprise, Cahiers Français n° 309, july - august 2002

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The Transatlantic Relationship and the ''Long'' War on Terrorism

bozo

Frédéric Bozo, Politique étrangère, 2/2002 (printemps 2002).

Abstract:The September 11 attacks have, further to their immediate impact, acted as a pointer to and a catalyst for the long-term trends relating to the history of NATO. Prior to their occurence, in effect, there was a paradoxical situation. In the...

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Patterns of R&D Co-operation by European Firms: Cost-economizing vs. Technology-seeking

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald (in coll. with Luis Miotti), in S. Lundan (ed.), Network Knowledge in International Business, Edward Elgar, 2002.

AbstractThe dynamic global competitive environment and efforts by firms to expand and organize and reorganize their innovative capabilities have led to a reassessment of a number of results from the economic literature on multinationals and on...

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Climate Change Politics in the U.S. - From Rio to Johannesburg

Pierre LEPETIT

Policy Paper, June 2002

Without the United States, and because the rules have been relaxed in the Bonn and Marrakech bargaining, the Kyoto protocol will have only a modest impact on worldwide emissions... One year ago international negotiations on climate change were ...

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The Devolution of Federal Power and the Supreme Court in American Politics

Timothy J. Conlan

Policy Paper, Ifri, 2002

Since 1991, the Court has engaged in the most concerted judicial effort to limit the power and legal authority of the national government since its efforts to overturn Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal the early 1930s. In a series of prominent rulings,...

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Negotiating the Boundaries of Equality in Europe

Christophe BERTOSSI

The Good Society, (Pennsylvania University Press), 2002, 12 (2).

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Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries: Leveraging the Role of Multinationals

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald et Serge Perrin, TIK Working paper No. 14/2002, University of Oslo, April 2002.

Read the full text - PDF 568 KoAbstractWhy did the governments of developing and emerging countries reach a more favorable assessment of the role of multinationals? The major evolution is the deepening economic integration brought by globalization....

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Preserving America's Strength in Satellite Technology

James A. LEWIS, Erin SCHLATHER

CSIS-IFRI Report, 2002

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Which Innovation Policy for Vietnam?

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald et Thierry Paulmier, Les cahiers de la coopération française au Vietnam No. 7, Hanoi, French Embassy in Vietnam, 2002.

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French-German Convergences et Differences of Ideas on Europe

Hans STARK

Documents, 2, March-April 2002, p. 43-52

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Reforming the Financial Sector in the Context of the Knowledge-based Economy: The Case of Korea

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in M. Azali et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Asia Pacific Economics and Business Conference, Vol. 1, Serdang, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 2002

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Une monnaie unique pour l'ASEAN, quelles perspectives?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in EADI-GEMDEV, Europe and South at the Dawn of the 21st Century: stakes and cooperation renewal, Paris, Karthala, 2002

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The Future of Exchange Rate Policies in East Asia: A Case for Managed Flexibility

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Pierre-Bruno Ruffini (ed.), International Trade and Capital Flows in Economic Restructuring and Growth: Europe and East Asia, Le Havre, Presses Universitaires du Havre, 2002

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Technologies de l'information: une chance pour le développement?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas et Nicolas Occis, in Pierre Jacquet, Thierry de Montbrial (eds), Ifri, Rapport Annuel Mondial sur le Système Economique et les Stratégie 2002, Paris, Dunod, 2001

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The First Strategic Lessons to Be Drawn from September 11

Dominique DAVID

Dominique David, Politique étrangère, 4/2001 (winter 2001).

Abstract:The September 11 attacks define a world: a post-Cold War world, torn between the acceleration of globalisation and the worsening of regional disputes. They will compel us to pass a new stage in the strategic thinking transformation that...

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The United States Confronted To Vulnerability

parmentier

Jacques Beltran and Guillaume Parmentier, Politique étrangère, 4/2001 (Winter 2001).

Jacques Beltrand was research fellow at the French Center on International Relations (Ifri). Guillaume Parmentier is Director of the French Center on the United States (CFE) at Ifri.Beyond the obvious psychological trauma, the September 11 attacks...

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A New Challenge for the Arabic World

leveau

Rémy Leveau, Politique étrangère, 4/2001 (hiver 2001).

Abstract:The September 11 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington bring the Arab world into a new era. The 'regional stability pact', put in place by the 1979 Camp David agreement, is no longer suited to a region where the divide between the...

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The Riposte and its Targets

godement

François Godement, Politique étrangère, 4/2001 - (hiver 2001).

Abstract:By opting, as a response to the terrorist attacks on Washinton and New York, for military action in Afghanistan, the United States has put Central Asia at the heart of the conflict which began on September 11. This minimal response carries...

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German-Polish Relations. A Difficult Partnership

Hans STARK

Documents, 5, November-December 2001. (original French title: Les relations germano-polonaises. Un partenariat difficile)

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Fance and Missile Defense.

klein

Jean Klein, Politique étrangère, 4/2001 - Year 66.

Abstract:Since the 1950s, France has always expressed its reservations with respect to missile defence projects. But France unfailingly supported negotiations between the two giants that aimed to introduce a degree of stability in the strategic...

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Mondialisation et inégalités Nord-Sud

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Les Cahiers français, n°305, La Documentation française, Novembre-Décembre 2001

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The Challenge of Innovation-based Competition: A Transatlantic Perspective on ICT

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, in N. Sherman (ed.), The Impact of the Internet Revolution on International Economic Relations and Society, Tokyo Club Papers N° 14, Institute for Economic Research, 2001.

Paper available on the Tokyo Club website.

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Transnational Corporations. A Korean Model?

miotti

Frédérique Sachwald (in coll. with Luis Miotti and Serge Perrin), in Economie Internationale N° 85, CEPII / La Documentation française, 1st quarter 2001.

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After Nice: Towards a Federal Government?

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Philippe Moreau Defarges, Politique étrangère, 2/2001 - Year 66.

Abstract:The question of a European federal Government is henceforth on the agenda of the European Union. Until now, Europe, originally of the European Communities and now of the European Union, has been governed by a very complex system. A...

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France and Germany

Hans STARK

Hans Stark, Politique étrangère, 2/2001 -Year 66.

Abstract:The recent deterioration in Franco-German relations in the context of the Union is perhaps the greatest crisis of confidence which France and free in the past from differences and tension: the Euromissile crisis, the break-up of...

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The Challenge of Dual Sovereignty: The Rehnquist Court and Contemporary Federalism

Timothy J. Conlan

Policy Paper, Ifri, 2001

For most of the twentieth century, the United States Supreme Court has played a centralizing role in American politics.Since 1991, however, a slim majority of the Supreme Court has engaged in a concerted effort to restructure the post-New Deal...

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A violent peace

Dominique MOISI

Rémy Leveau and Dominique Moïsi, Politique étrangère, 1/2001 (spring 2001).

To read the full text in french

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Is an Asian Peace Possible Without a regional Framework?

godement

François Godement, Politique étrangère, 1/2001 (spring 2001).

Abstract:Will the 21st century witness the triumph of peace and prosperity in Asia or is there a risk that the region will descend into chaos and war? Everything depends on the way in which three emergent factors, pertinent to regional stability,...

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Lectures

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Thierry de Montbrial et Jean Klein (Dir.), Dictionnaire de stratégie, Presse universitaire de France, Paris, 2000, 624p.Amiral Lanxade, Politique étrangère, 1/2003, rubrique 'Lectures'.To read the full text in french (format pdf)

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Transnational Corporations. A Korean Model?

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald (in coll. with Luis Miotti and Serge Perrin), in Economie Internationale N° 85, CEPII / La Documentation française, 1st quarter 2001.

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A Case of Government-led Integration into the World Economy

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Frédérique Sachwald (ed.), Going Multinational- The Korean Experience of Direct Investment, London, Routledge, 2001

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Politiques de changes en Asie du Sud-Est: plus ça change...

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas. Mondes en Développement, n°113/114, January-July 2001

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Les pays en développement face à la mondialisation

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Pierre Jacquet, Thierry de Montbrial (eds), Ifri, Rapport Annuel Mondial sur le Système Economique et les Stratégie 2001, Paris, Dunod, 2000

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Globalization: the true rupture of the XXth Century

sachwald

Pierre Jacquet and Frédérique Sachwald, Politique Etrangère, 3-4/2000 (Fall-Winter 2000).

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A Century of Imperial Metamorphosis

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Philippe Moreau Defarges, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2000 (fall/winter 2000).

To read the full text in french

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Foreign policy and the globalisation process

Dominique MOISI

Dominique Moïsi, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2000 (autumn/winter 2000).

Abstract:Monopolized for a long time by diplomats drawn from the highest strata of society, diplomacy has undergone profound changes since the end of the First World War : an extension of its field of action, a diversification and reproduction of...

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Warfare through the Century

Dominique DAVID

Dominique David, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2000 (fall/winter 2000).

Abstract:Technological breakthroughs changed the face of war machines, war operations and arsenals in 20th century societies ; they diversified military ventures and revolutionized the concept of warfare. This concept, while undergoing incessant...

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Internal and Foreign Policies in the United States: the 20th Century Parenthesis

parmentier

Guillaume Parmentier, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2000 (fall/winter 2000).

Abstract:The period between 1917 and 1989 is often portrayed as having given American Presidents a greater reign to oversee and determine foreign policy ; coinciding with an increase in US international responsibilities and the advent of nuclear...

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The Chinese Century, from the Boxers' Revolt to the Great Leap Toward Global Integration

godement

François Godement, Politique étrangère, 3-4/2000 (fall/winter 2000).

Abstract:1900 and 2000 : two key dates in China's history. 1900 is the year of the Boxers Rebellion and the western repression that followed. 2000 on the contrary sees the Popular republic knocking at the door of the WTO and adopting a series of...

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The Yugoslavian Crisis

Hans STARK

Hans Stark chapter in: Thierry de Montbrial et Jean Klein (eds.) Dictionnaire de stratégie, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 2000, p. 108-113.

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Après Seattle, où en est le débat Nord-Sud?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Les Cahiers français, n°299, La Documentation française, Novembre-Décembre 2000

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Between Transformations and Resistance to Change: Schröder's Germany

Hans STARK

France Forum, 329, September-November 2000, p. 3-7

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France and Empire

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Philippe Moreau Defarges, Politique étrangère, 2/2000 (summer 2000).

Abstract: France's history is dominated by a contradictory relationship with the European empire: at some periods France has dreamed of being the imperial unifier of Europe; at the same time, in the name of the nation, she has obstinately combated...

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Waiting for the Round. What Should Be Done After Seattle?

paugam

Alex Kouvéje, Politique étrangère, 2/2000 (summer 2000).

Abstract:The WTO Ministerial Conference held in Seattle in early December 1999 was powerless to launch the millennium cycle owing to the appearances of new players who had previously not been at the negotiating table – non-governmental organizations...

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The Beginning of Political Change in Maghreb?

leveau

Rémy Leveau, Politique étrangère, 2/2000 (summer 2000).

Abstract:In North Africa the year 1999 was marked by the arrival in power of Abdelaziz Bouteflika in Algeria and by the death of the king of Morocco, Hassan II. These events occurred in a region beset by a number of social and institutional...

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Post Crisis Exchange Rate Policies in East Asia: Options and Challenges

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Asia Pacific Journal of Economics and Business, Vol. 4, n°1, June 2000

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Regional Integrations and Globalization. From Trade to Institutions

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, in La mondialisation au delà des mythes, Paris, La Découverte, 2000.

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After Kosovo: Toward a New Transaltantic Contract

parmentier

Guillaume Parmentier, Politique étrangère, 1/2000 (spring 2000).

Abstract:The criticisms levelled at NATO during the Kosovo conflict revealed the contradictions in the Organization. The discrepancy between a politico-military apparatus dating from the Cold War and contemporary reality calls for the adoption of...

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European Security and Security of the Baltic States

beltran

Jacques Beltran, Politique étrangère, 1/2000 (spring 2000).

Abstract:The candidacies for membership of NATO from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania pose a strategic problem that transcends to a large extent the security concerns of these three States. Going ahead with such an enlargement despite Russia's repeated...

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Financial Upheavals in ASEAN Countries: A European Perspective

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas. in Roger Strange, Jim Slater and Corrado Molteni (eds), The European Union and ASEAN: Trade and Investment Issues, Macmillan, 2000

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Capital Flows and Exchange Rate Regimes in East Asia: Lessons from the Crisis

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Ifri/ISEAS, Asia-Europe Cooperation: Beyond the Financial Crisis, Report of the Council for Asia-Europe Cooperation, Les Cahiers de l'Ifri, n°31, 2000

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Vingt ans de développement: les avatars du néo-liberalisme

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Ifri, Politique Etrangère, n°3/99, 627-643, automne 1999

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France in the World Politics. World Politics as a Vocation?

Hans STARK, Ingo KOLBOOM

in: Henrik Uterwedde and Marieluise Christadler (eds.) Länderbericht Frankreich, Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, Bonn, 1999, p. 443-464

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France-Germany: A New Start?

Hans STARK

The International Spectator, 2, 1999, p. 21-28

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France-Germany - the difficult Revival

Hans STARK

Dokumente, 3, May-June 1999, p. 184-192. (original German title: Frankreich-Deutschland - die schwierige Relance)

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The United States and France. The Power between Myth and Reality

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES

Philippe Moreau Defarges. Transatlantic series, Notes de l'Ifri 14, Paris, Ifri, 5,34 € (original French title: Les Etats-Unis et la France. La puissance entre mythes et réalités).

Distributed by la Documentation française (text in French).AbstractFranco-American relations cannot be simple. The two countries share a long and common history during which, at least during the 20th century (with the exception of Vichy) they were...

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Is there a Case for a Single Currency within ASEAN?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Singapore Economic Review, Vol. 44, n°1, April 1999

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Le regard de l'économiste: une crise aux multiples facettes

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Philippe Richer (ed.), Crise en Asie du Sud-Est, Collection Référence Inédites, Paris, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1999

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Aux origines de la crise mondiale: Les crises en Asie

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Crise mondiale et marchés Financiers, Les Cahiers français, n°289, Paris, La Documentation française, janvier 1999

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Gerhard Schröder: the first 100 days

Hans STARK

France Forum, 1, 1999, p. 2-8

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Crise asiatique: le FMI sur la sellette

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Ifri, Politique Etrangère, N°2/98, 325-342, été 1998

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Franco-German Positions, Differences und Compromises in the Common Foreign and Security Policy

Hans STARK

in : Werner Weidenfeld (ed.), Deutsche Europapolitik. Beiträge zur Europäischen Einigung Einigung, 2nd. vol., Europa Union Verlag, Bonn, 1998

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European integration favors global integration. The French Case

sachwald

Frédérique Sachwald, in Industrie française et mondialisation, SESSI, Ministère de l'Economie des Finances et de l'Industrie, 1998.

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La Thaïlande en proie à une double crise structurelle

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Association d'économie financière, Rapport moral sur l'argent dans le monde 1998: La mondialisation des crises financières, Paris, Montchrestien, 1998

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Mondialisation et régionalisation dans les pays en developpement: les deux faces de Janus

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Ifri, Politique Etrangére, n°2/97, 293-307, Summer 1997

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The Limited Effect of an Embargo. Sanctions on Serbia and Montenegro

Hans STARK

Internationale Politik, 7, 1997

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Germany and the Yugoslavian Conflicts: The Maturation of Germany's Foreign Policy

Hans STARK

Relations Internationales et Stratégiques, 4, 1997

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Economies émergentes: mythes ou réalités?

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, in Ifri, Th. de Montbrial et P. Jacquet (eds.),  Rapport Annuel Mondial sur le Système Economique et les Stratégies 1997, Paris, Dunod, 1996

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De la crise de la dette à l'effet Tequila: performances comparées des économies latino-américaines

Françoise NICOLAS

Françoise Nicolas, Luis Miotti and Carlos Quenan, Problèmes d'Amérique latine, n°21, avril-juin 1996

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