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Space Policy program

Our e-notes

Development of the Northern Sea Route: How great is the need for satellite observation?


The Europe & Space Series n°14, March 2014

The sea route between Europe and Asia is significantly shorter via Arctic waters than via the Suez Canal.  Changes in global climate have resulted in a diminishing of ice in Arctic waters.  This has resulted in the Northern Sea Route...


Governing the Geostationary Orbit: Orbital Slots and Spectrum Use in an Era of Interference

Guilhem PENENT

Note de l'Ifri, January 2014

Executive Summary Outer space, particularly in the telecommunication sector, is benefiting and becoming accessible to more and more actors. But with this trend comes also a reality that is every day more compelling: no meaningful development...


Our books

L'Europe spatiale : le déclin ou le sursaut

Guilhem PENENT

Edtion Argos, 2014


European Identity Through Space

Christophe VENET, Blandina BARANES

Space Activities and Programmes as a Tool to Reinvigorate the European Identity, Vienna, Springer, 2012.


Ifri's Space Policy Program aims to follow and analyze the evolution of space policies in Europe and the rest of the World.

Laurence NARDON Senior Research Fellow, in charge of the United States Program

Guilhem PENENT Research Associate

Julien BECLARD Research Associate

Martine BREUX Assistant to the Center for Energy and the Space Program

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