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Employers and migrations

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Do Companies Get a Say in French Migration Policy Making?

Emma BROUGHTON

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - May 2014

This paper investigates the role given to economic actors in the definition of migration policies in France. In the early 2000s, Nicolas Sarkozy advocated for a policy of “chosen immigration” (“immigration choisie”) whose...

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Brazil and International Migrations in the Twenty-first Century: Flows and Policies

Duval Fernandes, Maria da Consolação Gomes de Castro & Silvana Pena Knup,

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - March 2014

The second half of the XXth century is a unique stage in the history of Brazilian migrations: the attractiveness of Brazil as a country of immigration declines, due to economic hardships and a shift in public perceptions of migrants, who are...

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Employers and migrations: how employers view French and European migration policies 

Economic decision makers: what influence do they have on migration policies?
Economic markets fuel international migrations. However, even if the economic dimension is systematically referred to in public, media and political discourses, the role played by economic decision-makers in this dynamic is largely ignored.  
The “Employers & Migrations” programme aims at filling this gap:
What do entrepreneurs think of today’s migration policies and their recent evolutions? What are their expectations in this respect? 
What are the consequences of migration policies on the companies’ economic activity? What business sectors are most impacted and what factors determine this impact (size of the company, business sector, structure, category of workers,…)?
How can the economic decision makers be heard on this subject? Can they become influent actors in the management of migrations in France and in Europe?
What communication channels can be developed between politics and economic decision-makers to achieve this goal? 
Building a common diagnostic with companies
1. The “migrations & employers” working group
The programme is based on the results of a collaborative work, held in 2011 and 2012 between researchers at Ifri and the HRDs of 11 large French firms. A working group was created, which met monthly to reflect on the impact migrations policies had on their daily activity. 12 meetings were held,  behind closed doors or in the presence of external speakers (representatives of the Ministries of Home Affairs and Employment, of trade unions and professional organisations, political parties, civil society organisations…) and led to the conception of a list of recommendations presented to political and economic decision-makers at the national and European levels.  
An on-line publication series fueled the group’s reflections by giving a perspective on migration policies and the role of private sector actors in other European countries.  
2. Fieldwork
To embed this diagnostic in on-the-ground experiences, a 24 months fieldwork analysis has been launched in 2013. It is set in several French firms from different sectors and of different sizes and it aims at identifying, through observation and qualitative interviews, the practises and challenges faced by employers in recruiting and keeping foreign workers in their teams. The results of this study will be published at the end of 2014. 
3. A comparative publication series to enlarge the analysis
In order to give food for thought and widen economic and institutional stakeholders’ perspectives on good practices implemented in other countries, we launched a publication activity. The first publication series highlighted the role of economic actors in the definition of migration policies in European countries. Our papers on Sweden, United Kingdom and Spain are available here.  The second publication programme “Emerging economies and migration policies”, launched in 2014, offers a comparative and international analysis of migration policies in countries enjoying a recent and sustained economic growth. Several papers on the migration policy of emerging economies will be published on the Ifri website (Brazil, China, India and Qatar to begin with). You can download them here.

Economic decision makers: what influence do they have on migration policies?

Economic markets fuel international migrations. However, even if the economic dimension is systematically referred to in public, media and political discourses, the role played by economic decision-makers in this dynamic is largely ignored.

The “Employers & Migrations” programme aims at filling this gap: What do entrepreneurs think of today’s migration policies and their recent evolutions? What are their expectations in this respect?  What are the consequences of migration policies on the companies’ economic activity? What business sectors are most impacted and what factors determine this impact (size of the company, business sector, structure, category of workers,…)? How can the economic decision makers be heard on this subject? Can they become influent actors in the management of migrations in France and in Europe? What communication channels can be developed between politics and economic decision-makers to achieve this goal? 

Building a common diagnostic with companies

1. The “migrations & employers” working group: 
The programme is based on the results of a collaborative work, held in 2011 and 2012 between researchers at Ifri and the HRDs of 11 large French firms. A working group was created, which met monthly to reflect on the impact migrations policies had on their daily activity. 12 meetings were held,  behind closed doors or in the presence of external speakers (representatives of the Ministries of Home Affairs and Employment, of trade unions and professional organisations, political parties, civil society organisations…) and led to the conception of a list of recommendations presented to political and economic decision-makers at the national and European levels.  

2. Fieldwork: To embed this diagnostic in on-the-ground experiences, a 24 months fieldwork analysis has been launched in 2013. It is set in several French firms from different sectors and of different sizes and it aims at identifying, through observation and qualitative interviews, the practises and challenges faced by employers in recruiting and keeping foreign workers in their teams. The results of this study will be published at the end of 2014. 

3. A comparative publication series to enlarge the analysis: In order to give food for thought and widen economic and institutional stakeholders’ perspectives on good practices implemented in other countries, we launched a publication activity. The first publication series highlighted the role of economic actors in the definition of migration policies in European countries (Sweden, United Kingdom and Spain).  The second publication programme “Emerging economies and migration policies”, launched in 2014, offers a comparative and international analysis of migration policies in countries enjoying a recent and sustained economic growth. Several papers on the migration policy of emerging economies will be published on the Ifri website (Brazil, China, India and Qatar to begin with).  Read more on this publication series.

Videos to go further:

Diversity recruitment strategy and integration: lessons from the US army - Lieutenant Général Thomas P. Bostick, Deputy Chief of Staff G-1, 13 Janvier 2012

Linking Business and Migration policy - Jesus 'Chuy' Garcia,  13 Janvier 2012

 

Christophe BERTOSSI Senior Research Fellow, Director of the Center for Migrations and Citizenship
bertossi@ifri.org

Emma BROUGHTON Research Fellow
broughton@ifri.org

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