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Going Multinational: The Korean Experience of Direct Investment

Frédérique Sachwald (ed.), Londres, Routledge, 2001.


The broad aim of this book is to explore the pattern and determinants of Korean foreign direct investment. The main focus is on Outward Direct Investment, but data and analysis are provided on both inward and outward flows in developed and developing counties in order to arrive at a better understanding of the dynamics at work.
At the beginning of the 1990s, Korean firms embarked on an impressive wave of direct investment abroad. This dramatic multinationalization was considered to be yet another sign of Korea's remarkable economic performance, especially as a high proportion of the foreign ventures were located in advanced countries. But this unbalanced quest for globalization actually tested the 'Korean model' to its limits; after the 1997 crisis an new policy course prepared the way for a surge of inward investment.
Using empirical tests and case studies, this collection shows that Korean groups have invested in developed countries to jump over trade barriers, and also to source advanced technology and marketing capabilities. Moreover, their ambitious strategies have been stimulated by oligopolistic rivalry among the chaebols. From a policy perspective, the book provides an original discussion of national ownership by questioning the substitutability of inward and outward foreign investment and its relationship with the evolution of the national innovation system.
By shedding light on the pattern of Korea's internationalization, these essays make a valuable contribution to the theory of international production and provide important insights into current policy debates on globalization and innovation-led growth. The Book also sheds light on the reform of chaebols, which is underway since the 1997 Asia crisis.

Online Chapters

Chapter 1 - Introduction - PDF  97 Ko
Chapter 9 - Conclusion - PDF  114 Ko

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