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28-10-2014
Politique africaine de la France : une politique "normale" est-elle possible ?
Ifri, Bruxelles

29-10-2014
L'Europe face au défi des émergents
Ifri Bruxelles, rue Marie-Thérèse 21, 1000 Bruxelles

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Our E-notes

Des armes à tout faire ? Modularité et polyvalence des équipements militaires

Joseph HENROTIN

Focus stratégique, no. 54, October 2014

Versatility and modularity have been praised as design imperatives for military hardware, in order to reduce costs as well as to facilitate training and maintenance. But those concepts need to be further defined, specifically with regard to the...

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The European Energy Policy: Building New Perspectives

Cécile MAISONNEUVE

Note de l'Ifri, First Published April 2014

Introduction “After 17 years of supranationality, we are still seeking how to define a common energy policy and what it might be. [...] Could we have done more in one generation? Or were goals only established to achieve a political...

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Migration Flows and Policies: India at a Turning Point

Anjali KUMAR

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - October 2014

India hosts millions of economic migrants from neighboring countries, especially Nepal and Bangladesh. It is also a haven for large refugee communities from Tibet or Sri Lanka. In the past years, India’s dynamic economic growth has brought in...

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Un nouvel "Agenda" pour l'Allemagne ? Comprendre les défis économiques et sociaux (2014-2030)

Pierre ZAPP

Note du Cerfa n°116, septembre 2014

Although commonly cited as an example of economic success, Germany faces several challenges that it needs to address in the coming years in order to preserve its position as an economic leader. These economic and social challenges are linked to...

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Japan's Energy Policy in a Post-3/11 World: Juggling Safety, Sustainability and Economics

Hikaru HIRANUMA

Asie.Visions 72, September 2014

Summary The March 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station turned Japan’s energy policy on its head, shedding a harsh new light on Japan’s energy policy and power supply system, and throwing into relief six major...

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Homeland, une série de l'ère Obama

Eric GATEFIN

Potomac Paper n°21, September 2014

Once widely praised as one of the best shows on television, Homeland will be back for a fourth season starting next week. The show was originally intended as a breaking point with the one-sided and trigger-happy foreign policy of the Bush...

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Soft power chinois en Afrique : Renforcer les intérêts de la Chine au nom de l'amitié sino-africaine

David BENAZERAF

Asie.Visions 71, September 2014

Résumé Bien que l’intérêt de la Chine pour l’Afrique ne soit pas récent, la présence chinoise sur le continent africain s’est considérablement renforcée depuis les...

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The Cost of Renewable Energy Sources

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, September 2014

SummaryRenewable energy are experiencing a dramatic growth worldwide. Although the generation of electricity from renewable sources requires a relatively high investment per unit of capacity, the study shows that, under optimal conditions, some of...

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Les chars, un héritage intempestif ?

Antoine d'EVRY

Focus stratégique, no. 53, September 2014

Regarded as a revolutionary weapon at the beginning of the 20th century, the tank is now suffering from a lack of legitimacy: in the last 20 years, most European states have drastically reduced their tank fleets, sometimes even entirely removing...

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The end of globalization?

Michael LIND

Podcast, September 29th, 2014

Michael Lind, Policy Director of the Economic Growth Program at the New America Foundation in Washington, D.C, was the guest of the French Institute for International Relations (IFRI) on September 29th 2014. In this video, he analyzes the major...

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The United States and the World: what can we expect in the near future?

Michael LIND

Podcast, September 29th, 2014

Michael Lind, Policy Director of the Economic Growth Program at the New America Foundation in Washington, D.C, was the guest of the French Institute for International Relations (IFRI) on September 29th 2014. In this video, he discusses the limits...

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What major trends in US politics or party ideology do you see happening over the next generation?

Michael LIND

Video, September 29th, 2014

Michael Lind, Policy Director of the Economic Growth Program at the New America Foundation in Washington, D.C, was the guest of the French Institute for International Relations (IFRI) on September 29th 2014. In this video, he discusses the evolution...

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Russia and Global Climate Politics

Nina TYNKKYNEN

Russie.Nei.Visions No.80, September 2014

Russia, as the fourth largest greenhouse-gas emitter in the world, and a major supplier of fossil fuels causing these emissions, played a decisive role in the enforcement of the Kyoto Protocol, the main instrument of global climate policy so far....

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Russie.Nei.Visions N°80, Сентябрь 2014

Нина Тинккинен

Russie.Nei.Visions N°80, Сентябрь 2014

Россия, четвёртая в мире страна по объёму...

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L'échiquier numérique américain: Quelle place pour l'Europe ?

Olivier SICHEL

Potomac Paper n°20, September 2014

Suffering from the overwhelming presence of U.S. companies in the digital field, Europe is struggling to catch up and develop a competitive market of its own. The new European Commission has pledged to change this dynamic and level the playing...

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La dimension parlementaire de la politique de défense allemande

Michel DRAIN

Note du Cerfa n°115, août 2014

Security and defence policy in Germany is still a subject of intense public debate, as illustrated by the convening of the Bundestag on the question of arms supplies to the Iraqi Kurds in order to fight the “Islamic State”. Defence...

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The Difficult Issue of College Rape in America

Dylan HECKSCHER

Chroniques Américaines, September 2014

This "Chronique Américaine" is part of a series of four papers on education issues in the U.S. that are published this week. In 2014, a White House report released finalized data from the National Institute of Justice about on-campus ...

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Iran: où en sont les négociations?

Léo TESTE

Chroniques Américaines, September 2014 (in French)

Les négociations sur le programme nucléaire iranien doivent reprendre jeudi 18 septembre à New York, en marge de la conférence des Nations Unies. A l’heure où les Etats-Unis se voient obligés de...

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"Green Economy": Opportunities and Constraints for Russian Companies

Peter KIRYUSHIN

Russie.Nei.Visions No.79, August 2014

The article explores the importance of a transition to a “green economy” for Russia, as well as the potential opportunities and constraints for its national businesses. Many countries across the world emphasize the significance of...

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"Зелёная экономика": возможности и ограничения для российского бизнеса

Пётр Кирюшин

Russie.Nei.Visions N°79, Август 2014

Статья посвящена вопросам «зелёной»...

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LA GAUCHE EN TURQUIE : UNE HISTOIRE FRAGMENTEE

CORMIER Paul

Note franco-turque n°11, Juillet 2014

Le mouvement de protestation de Gezi, qui a secoué la Turquie au cours de l’été 2013, a ranimé l’intérêt des observateurs pour l’activisme de la gauche turque, qui a participé...

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Nationalismes en Chine et au Japon et implications pour les relations bilatérales

Céline PAJON, Alice EKMAN

Asie.Visions 70, July 2014

Le facteur nationaliste apparaît comme une composante importante des frictions grandissantes opposant la Chine et le Japon. Au Japon, l’accession de Shinzo Abe pour la seconde fois au poste de Premier ministre, et...

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La politique climatique et énergétique du gouvernement fédéral allemand. Contribution au dialogue franco-allemand

Camilla BAUSCH, Matthias DUWE et Benjamin GÖRLACH

Note du Cerfa n°114, juillet 2014

  Le tournant énergétique décidé par l’Allemagne est au coeur de sa politique climatique et énergétique, mais détermine aussi l’attitude du gouvernement allemand dans les...

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Les causes de l'obésité aux Etats-Unis

Laurence NARDON

Podcast, September 10th, 2014

Laurence Nardon, responsable du programme Etats-Unis de l’Ifri, revient sur les causes de l’obésité aux Etats-Unis et nous fait part des différentes stratégies envisagées pour tenter de réformer...

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Emerging Markets and Migration Policy : China

Frank N. PIEKE,

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - July 2014

China is known for its large pool of labour force as well as for having the largest diaspora in the world. Nevertheless, China’s economic growth is at the source of a new demographic trend: following a 2010 census, there are more than 1...

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Réduire la taille des portions: Les guerres alimentaires aux Etats-Unis

Laurence NARDON

Potomac Paper n°19, July 2014

The U.S. food industry and fast food chains, with their countless junk food products and ruthless marketing techniques, are certainly a factor in the reluctance some Europeans show on the issue of a new transatlantic trade deal. In the wake of the...

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Sixty Years after Brown: Resegregation in America

Heidi KAHLE

Chroniques Américaines, September 2014

This "Chronique Américaine" is part of a series of four papers on education issues in the U.S. that are published this week. May 17th, 2014 marked the sixtieth anniversary of the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of...

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American Student Loans: Debt, Reform, and the True Cost of Higher Education

Dylan HECKSCHER

Chroniques Américaines, September 2014

This "Chronique Américaine" is part of a series of four papers on education issues in the U.S. that will be published this week. American students graduating in 2014 from their four years at university have recently been given the dubious...

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Asymétrie des mémoires. Regard franco-allemand sur la Première Guerre mondiale

Élise JULIEN

Vision franco-allemande n°24, juillet 2014.

At a time when France is multiplying projects to commemorate the Centenary of the First World War, the subject is relatively absent from Germany’s public space – even though this war was in many ways a common experience for the two...

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Gazprom in Europe: a Business Doomed to Fail?

Aurélie BROS

Russie.Nei.Reports No. 18, July 2014

The exacerbation of tensions between the EU and Gazprom has led to black-and-white analyses. This makes it difficult to get to grips with Gazprom activities in the European energy market, while several crucial questions are never – or...

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MOOCs: Re-Creating Affordable Education

Dylan HECKSCHER

Chroniques Américaines, September 2014

This "Chronique Américaine" is part of a series of four papers on education issues in the U.S. that are published this week.  Prior to World War II, American higher education followed a model wherein only the privileged elite or those...

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German Defence Policy in 2014 and beyond: Options for Change

Claudia MAJOR, Christian MÖLLING

Note du Cerfa n°113, June 2014

The speeches made by several German leaders at the Munich Security Conference in early 2014, emphasized that Germany needs to be ready for greater international commitment, and without a priori excluding military instruments. While several elements...

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Gas in Mozambique a High-risk Economic Revolution

Benjamin AUGE

Note de l'Ifri, juin 2014

  Since oil was discovered in Uganda in 2006, East Africa has been an arena for a race in the exploration for hydro-carbons. Yet the oil reserves in Uganda, the more recent and modest ones in Kenya and the few pockets of gas in Ethiopia are on...

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The Distinctive Features of China's Middle Classes

Alice EKMAN

Asie.Visions n°69, June 2014

This study seeks to lay the foundations for a better understanding of the Chinese middle classes. It goes beyond the traditional classification by revenue and identifies the distinctive features of China’s middle classes by taking into...

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On the Strategic Value of Ballistic Missile Defense

Brad ROBERTS

Proliferation Papers, No. 50, June 2014

The strategic value of missile defense remains in considerable debate in Europe but less so in the United States. The rising American consensus in support of BMD follows from its perceptions of a changed and changing security environment since the...

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The Crisis in Ukraine: An Insider's View

Oleg GRYTSAIENKO

Russie.Nei.Visions No.78, June 2014

By the end of 2013 the numerous miscalculations of the Yanukovych regime had deepened the systemic crisis in Ukraine, the crux of which was the tension between the people's hopes of independence and the inefficiency of the country's post-Soviet...

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Украинский кризис: взгляд изнутри

Олег Грицаенко

Russie.Nei.Visions n° 78, Июнь 2014

К концу 2013 года многочисленные просчеты...

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Quelle success story pour l'Éthiopie ?

L'Afrique en questions n°18, Clélie NALLET

Actuelle de l'Ifri, juin 2014

[Consulter cet article sur le blog Afrique Décryptages]    Source : C.Nallet, picture taken at Addis Ababa on 11/09/12 Ces dernières années, la sphère médiatique n'a pas manqué...

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L'aide de l'Union européenne : du développement à la sécurité, l'exemple du Fonds européen de développement

Dominique LECOMPTE, Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, juin 2014

  Au fil de son développement institutionnel et de la multiplication de ses activités, l’Union européenne (UE) a eu tendance à empiler plutôt qu’à rationaliser ses politiques, en...

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La nouvelle diplomatie économique asiatique : Chine, Japon, Corée comme exportateurs d'infrastructures

Céline PAJON, Françoise NICOLAS, John SEAMAN

Asie.Visions 68, May 2014

Dans le secteur des infrastructures énergétiques, et notamment dans l’industrie du nucléaire civil, l’émergence, sur la scène internationale, de nouveaux acteurs toujours plus ambitieux conduit...

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Les chausse-trapes de la remontée en puissance. Défis et écueils du redressement militaire

Guillaume GARNIER

Focus stratégique, no. 52, May 2014

A process of military resurgence shows a government’s will to strengthen its defense apparatus, either to face new strategic challenges or, more frequently, to reverse decline of its capabilities. The ongoing budgetary crisis, which keeps...

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Obama at West Point

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, June 2014

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. You can write to him at mbren@pitt.edu. President Obama...

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Do Companies Get a Say in French Migration Policy Making?

Emma BROUGHTON

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - May 2014

This paper investigates the role given to economic actors in the definition of migration policies in France. In the early 2000s, Nicolas Sarkozy advocated for a policy of “chosen immigration” (“immigration choisie”) whose...

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La formation professionnelle en Allemagne. Dynamiques socio-économiques et capacités d'adaptation d'un système

René LASSERRE

Note du Cerfa n°112, mai 2014

Beyond common economic indicators, Germany’s competitiveness and economic performance rest on a pillar of its social system: its dual system of vocational education and training. Consisting of technical training and acquisition of practical...

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Le trafic de faux médicaments en Afrique de l'Ouest : filières d'approvisionnement et réseaux de distribution (Nigeria, Bénin, Togo, Ghana)

Camille NIAUFRE

Note de l'Ifri, mai 2014

[Consultez le résumé de cette note sur le blog du programme Afrique Décryptages] Le 13 décembre 2013, sur une initiative d’Interpol, la toute première Conférence africaine sur la criminalité...

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Ukraine : la crise commence

Corentin BRUSTLEIN, Dominique DAVID, Etienne de DURAND, Thomas GOMART, Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN, Laurence NARDON, Vivien PERTUSOT

Note de l'Ifri, 20 mai 2014

Sept chercheurs de l'Ifri dressent le meilleur panorama possible d'une crise qui annonce  un véritable basculement. Introduction par Dominique DAVID Il y aura un avant et un après. En Ukraine, en Russie, dans toute...

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Mauritanie : quand la question de l'esclavage s'invite à la présidentielle

L'Afrique en questions n°17, Alain ANTIL

Actuelle de l'Ifri, mai 2014

Les élections présidentielles du 21 juin prochain approchent, et l’on commence à mieux connaître la configuration des candidatures. Le président sortant, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, qui arriva au pouvoir en 2008...

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Russia's Academy of Sciences' Reform: Causes and Consequences for Russian Science

Irina DEJINA

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 77, May 2014

This paper analyzes the origins and causes of the radical reforms undertaken in Russia’s academic sciences sector, which resulted in the fusion of three state academies in 2013. Numerous claims made by the Russian government and experts...

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Реформа РАН: причины и последствия для науки в России

Дежина Ирина Геннадиевна

Russie.Nei.Visions, N°77, Май 2014

Работа посвящена анализу истоков и ...

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L'Europe et l'Énergie : un contrat à refonder d'urgence

Cécile MAISONNEUVE

Note de l'Ifri, April 2014

« L’on en est encore, après dix-sept ans de supranationalité, à chercher comment définir une politique commune de l’énergie, et laquelle. (…) Pouvait-on faire plus en une...

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Le gaz au Mozambique, une évolution économique à haut risque

Benjamin AUGE

Note de l'Ifri, avril 2014

  [Lire le résumé de cette note sur le blog du programme Afrique Décryptages] Depuis les découvertes pétrolières en Ouganda en 2006, l’Afrique de l’Est est le théâtre...

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La réforme du secteur de sécurité, entre bureaucraties et stratégie

Aline LEBOEUF

Focus stratégique, No. 51, April 2014

The concept of Security Sector Reform (SSR) was developed during the 1990s as a response to several problems chiefly faced by countries in post-conflict transitions: weak new governments; conflicting civil-military relations; ill-defined division of...

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Aides d'État :Réorientation des soutiens aux renouvelables

Aurélie FAURE SCHUYER

The Editorial Energy, April 2014

Les nouvelles lignes directrices européennes concernant les aides d’Etat aux secteurs de l’énergie et de l’environnement pour 2014-2020, amorcent un tournant dans la politique européenne de...

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Europe-Russie : l'interdépendance énergétique est-elle une fatalité ?

Marie-Claire AOUN

The Energy Editorial, April 2014

2006, 2009 et 2014. Trois années clés pour la politique gazière de l’Union européenne (UE), qui rappellent que l’énergie reste un élément déterminant des relations politiques...

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Un an avant les élections, le Nigeria s'enfonce dans la crise

L'Afrique en questions n°16, Benjamin AUGE

Actuelle de l'Ifri, avril 2014

[Consulter cet article sur le blog Afrique Décryptages] Les hommes d’affaires qui se rendent régulièrement à Lagos, Abuja ou même Port Harcourt pourraient en témoigner : le Nigeria est le marché...

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Russia: Youth and Politics

Mikhail KOROSTIKOV

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 76, April 2014

Young people are the most politically active and impulsive part of any society. They were among the first to come out on the streets during the 2011-2013 worldwide protests in the Middle East, Thailand, Ukraine, Europe and the United...

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Россия: молодёжь и политика

Михаил Коростиков

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 76, Апрель 2014

Молодые люди – самая активная и...

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Les relations germano-algériennes. Une relance par la coopération énergétique ?

Christoph PARTSCH

Note du Cerfa n°111, avril 2014

Bilateral relations between Germany and Algeria are officially described, by both sides, as good and friendly. Nevertheless, in Germany, errors in assessment of the ‘Arab spring’ led to a lack of interest in Algeria, and still affect...

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Raising the costs to President Putin

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, April 2014

-by building dissonance within.  Some like to remember fondly the call by Ronald Reagan for Gorbachev “to tear down this wall”.  The United States “Won the Cold War” said George Bush Senior in his State of the Union...

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Brazil and International Migrations in the Twenty-first Century: Flows and Policies

Duval Fernandes, Maria da Consolação Gomes de Castro & Silvana Pena Knup,

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - March 2014

The second half of the XXth century is a unique stage in the history of Brazilian migrations: the attractiveness of Brazil as a country of immigration declines, due to economic hardships and a shift in public perceptions of migrants, who are...

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Quelles perspectives pour l'industrie européenne des armements terrestres?

Aude-Emmanuelle FLEURANT, Yannick QUEAU

Focus stratégique, No. 50, March 2014

Over the last decade, the European land armament industry developed into a thriving market driven by growing demand from the BRICS, a new wave of emerging countries and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, the 2008 financial crisis and the...

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La recomposition de la politique étrangère turque en Afrique subsaharienne. Entre diplomatie publique et acteurs privés

Gabrielle ANGEY

Note de l'Ifri, mars 2014

[Consultez le résumé de cette note en post de blog sur Afrique Décryptages] La présence économique et diplomatique de la Turquie en Afrique est méconnue. Elle participe d'une tendance forte de ces vingt...

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L'immigration maghrébine au Qatar. Quelles perspectives?

Mansouria MOKHEFI

Note de l'Ifri, mars 2014

La conjonction de la persistance de taux de chômage élevés dans les pays du Maghreb et des besoins dans tous les secteurs d’une société qatarienne en plein développement et dépendante des apports...

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Development of the Northern Sea Route: How great is the need for satellite observation?

Bard WORMDAL

The Europe & Space Series n°14, March 2014

The sea route between Europe and Asia is significantly shorter via Arctic waters than via the Suez Canal.  Changes in global climate have resulted in a diminishing of ice in Arctic waters.  This has resulted in the Northern Sea Route...

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Pour une révision de la politique européenne de l'énergi

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, March 2014

La politique européenne de l’énergie est actuellement construite  sur un ensemble de dispositions contradictoires et de concepts discutables. Prendre conscience de cette situation est indispensable pour la ...

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Ukraine: Is Europe Ready for another gas cut?

Maïté de BONCOURT

The Energy Editorial, March 2014

The turmoil in Ukraine is now putting one question on everyone mouth: what if Russian gas transiting through Ukraine was cut once again? Today, Ukrainian gas pipelines still carry around 60% of the Russian gas intended for the European Union;...

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Between Allies and Rivals: Turkey, Nuclear Weapons, and BMD

Mustafa KIBAROGLU

Proliferation Papers, No. 49, 2014

This paper discusses Turkey’s attitudes vis-à-vis nuclear weapons and Ballistic Missile Defense in the light of recent developments in the Iranian nuclear program and NATO’s evolving concept of extended deterrence. On the one...

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Reading Rouhani Right

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, March 2014

If you lived between nuclear-armed Israel and Pakistan and had as many world class enemies as Iran has accumulated – would you give up your pursuit of a nuclear weapon?  Supreme Leader Khamenei confronted several dilemmas in...

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Rosneft, Gazprom and the Government: the Decision-Making Triangle on Russia's Energy Policy

Pavel BAEV

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 75, March 2014

Russia finds itself exposed to many risks in the fast-moving global revolution in energy affairs, and cannot avail of its opportunities despite its unique combination of natural resources and experience in their exploitation. It has entered the...

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Le salafisme en Allemagne. Un défi pour la démocratie

Marwan ABOU-TAAM

Note du Cerfa n°110, mars 2014

Même si les salafistes ne représentent en Allemagne qu’une petite partie de la population musulmane, ils déterminent une grande partie des débats sur l’islam. La majeure partie des salafistes se refuse...

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The Amphibious Endeavour: Tactical Risk, Strategic Influence

Guillaume GARNIER

Focus stratégique No. 46 bis, February 2014

Despite a centuries-long history, amphibious operations were rarely in the spotlight before the Second World War. Meteorological constraints and joint planning challenges both emphasize their risky and complex character. Lessons learned highlight...

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Роснефть, Газпром и государство: треугольник принятия решений в российской энергетической политике

Pavel BAEV

Russie.Nei.Visions, N°75, Март 2014

Нарастающая быстрыми темпами...

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Le boom minier au Sahel. Un développement durable ?

Alain ANTIL

Note de l'Ifri, février 2014

Le Sahel, souvent présenté pour ses difficultés et ses crises – avec en particulier l’actuelle crise malienne – vit pourtant, à l’image du reste du continent africain, une nouvelle ère...

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Chine/ASEAN : Une diplomatie tous azimuts rondement menée

Sophie BOISSEAU DU ROCHER

Asie.Visions 67, February 2014

Fondée sur une enquête de terrain auprès d’observateurs et responsables de l’ASEAN, cette étude met en évidence le changement fondamental intervenu ces dix dernières années dans les...

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China's Direct Investment in the European Union: Challenges and Policy Responses

Françoise NICOLAS

China Economic Journal, vol. 7. No 1, 2014, pp. 103-25

The dramatic rise of Chinese direct investment into the European Union has sparked a debate about the control that China may be seeking to take over European economies. Quite naturally these concerns have led to repeated calls that action be taken...

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Al Jazeera au Maghreb. De la différence à l'indifférence ?

Mansouria MOKHEFI

Note de l'Ifri, février 2014

La chaîne a révolutionné le paysage médiatique arabe en brisant le monopole du récit médiatique détenu par les médias occidentaux, en introduisant le débat pluraliste dans le monde arabe...

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ЕС, Россия и Восточное партнёрство: новая динамика отношений при новом правительстве в Германии?

Доминик Толксдорф

Russie.Nei.Visions, №74 - Note du Cerfa, №109, Февраль 2014

Саммит Восточного партнёрства в...

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The EU, Russia and the Eastern Partnership: What Dynamics under the New German Government?

Dominik TOLKSDORF

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 74 - Note du Cerfa, No. 109, February 2014

The Eastern Partnership summit in Vilnius in November 2013 demonstrated that the European Union’s policy toward its eastern neighbors has developed into a highly contentious issue between the EU and Russia. The summit was overshadowed by the...

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Poland and Ballistic Missile Defense: The Limits of Atlanticism

Łukasz KULESA

Proliferation Papers, no. 48, January 2014

Since Poland first expressed its willingness to host a critical part of the US Ballistic Missile Defense architecture, in 2002, the program has undergone several setbacks. Today, while Poland is still expected to host key elements of the US BMD...

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ARAB ATATÜRK : THE WIEGHT OF HISTORY

François ZABBAL

Franco-Turkish Paper n°10, January 2014

Recent discussion surrounding a 'Turkish model' for the Arab world has centred mainly on the achievements of the AKP in Turkey and its supposed ideological proximity to the political parties that have arisen from the Muslim Brotherhood movement....

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How to misread polls

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, March 2014

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. You can write to him at mbren@pitt.edu. Poll numbers are the...

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Le Maghreb dans la politique arabe de la Turquie - Aperçus sur une stratégie en développement

Mansouria MOKHEFI

Note de l'Ifri, janvier 2014

Pays passé en moins d’un siècle du statut d’empire vieillissant à celui de république laïque moderne et orientée vers l’Occident, la Turquie est entrée dans le XXIe siècle en ...

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Unmanned Air Systems: The Future of Air & Sea Power?

Paul ROGERS

Focus stratégique, No. 49, January 2014

  Since their early use for primitive ISR and combined operations, UAS have developed into increasingly multipurpose instruments performing a wide array of missions (from limited strike operations, search and monitoring to time-sensitive...

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Le Qatar, acteur des recompositions régionales au Maghreb

Mansouria MOKHEFI

Note de l'Ifri, janvier 2014

Dans la montée en puissance de l’émirat, Doha a bénéficié au plan régional d’une conjoncture favorable. La diplomatie d’engagement de l’émirat a donné lieu aux...

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De l'Allemagne et de son économie

Patrick ALLARD

Note du Cerfa n°108, janvier 2014

Germany’s economic performance arouses both irritation and concern in France. However, fears about a widening gap between the two economies can not be supported either by analysis of German economic performance over the past decade, or by the...

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Challenges ahead for Global Europe

Vivien PERTUSOT, Shada ISLAM, Ronja KEMPIN

Discussion paper for the Brussels Think Tank Dialogue, January 2014

The year ahead will be critical in determining the European Union’s standing on the global stage. The EU remains a potent international actor despite the damage to its reputation caused by the Eurozone crisis and intra-European squabbling over...

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Governing the Geostationary Orbit: Orbital Slots and Spectrum Use in an Era of Interference

Guilhem PENENT

Note de l'Ifri, January 2014

Executive Summary Outer space, particularly in the telecommunication sector, is benefiting and becoming accessible to more and more actors. But with this trend comes also a reality that is every day more compelling: no meaningful development...

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Stratégie de positionnement régional de l'Afrique du Sud : quels enseignements pour les pays du Maghreb ?

Mohamed MOULINE

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2013

L’Afrique du Sud est une république fédérale, fondée sur une démocratie parlementaire. Avec une superficie de 1,2 million de km² et une population de 50 millions d’habitants, elle est la...

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Les investissements verts dans l'agriculture au Maroc

Najib AKESBI

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2013

Quand on jette un regard objectif sur l’évolution de la prise en compte de la question environnementale au Maroc au cours des trois dernières décennies, on ne peut manquer de reconnaître que le chemin parcouru...

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Obama announces "Opportunity Ladder"

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, February 2014

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. You can write to him at mbren@pitt.edu. There are moments in...

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The Return of Robert Gates

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, January 2014

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. You can write to him at mbren@pitt.edu. The memoirs of public...

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Gaz de schiste en Pologne, au Royaume-Uni, et au Danemark : vers un modèle européen ?

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'Ifri, January 2014

Depuis le développement fulgurant des gaz de schiste aux Etats-Unis, un intérêt croissant a été porté à leur potentiel en dehors de l’Amérique du Nord, même s’il...

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2014 : une année pour refonder une politique européenne de l'énergie

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, January 2014

A cause des élections au Parlement et des nominations qui suivront, beaucoup pensent que 2014 ne sera pour la politique européenne de l’énergie qu’une année d’interrègne sans grand contenu. ...

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Russia's Eastern Direction—Distinguishing the Real from the Virtual

Bobo LO

Russie.Nei.Report No. 17, January 2014

The Asia-Pacific region has assumed primary importance as a center of global politics and economic dynamism. For Moscow, this development highlights a world in which many long-standing assumptions about international politics are being overturned....

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Political and Economic Effects of Qaddafi's Death on Chad

Ketil Fred Hansen

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2013

On 24 August 2011, President Idriss Déby Itno of Chad recognised the National Transitional Council (NTC) as the only legitimate authority in Libya. Until then, the Chadian president had been a firm ally of the Guide of the Great...

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The Influence of the State on Expanding Russian MNEs: Advantage or Handicap?

Andreï PANIBRATOV

Russie.Nei.Visions, No 73, December 2013

Government influence is crucial for the international operations of firms in emerging economies. However, these firms have varied experience of government interventions: some benefit more, some less, while the government roles vary among countries...

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Влияние государства на интернационализацию российских компаний: стимул или барьер?

Андрей Панибратов

Russie.Nei.Visions, №73, декабрь 2013

Правительства стран с растущими...

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Labor Migration in the State of Qatar - Policy Making and Governance

Zahra R. BABAR

Center Migrations and Citizenship - December 2013

The discovery of petroleum wealth in the middle of the last century completely reconfigured the political economy of Qatar. Small local population size and low levels of labor force participation pushed Qatar to seek alternate sources of labor to...

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L'Allemagne après les élections fédérales du 22 septembre 2013 : Entre continuité politique et changements structurels

Ulrich EITH

Note du Cerfa n°107, décembre 2013

Les élections fédérales du 22 septembre 2013 ont marqué une nette césure dans les rapports de force entre les partis. Elles ont mis en évidence des changements structurels importants pour les partis et le...

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The Democratic Party and the Probable Hillary Candidacy

Michael TOMASKY

Annual Conference on the United States 2013

Michael Tomasky, Editor-in-Chief of Democracy and contributor to The New York Review of Books, discusses Hillary Clinton's evolutions as a politician and her probable candidacy to the next presidential elections in 2016. Twelfth edition of the...

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Transformations agricoles et stratégies d'influence : quelle lecture des investissements fonciers saoudiens en Éthiopie ?

Matthieu BRUN

Décembre 2013

Le développement agricole et les stratégies de sécurisation des approvisionnements alimentaires sont au coeur des politiques publiques des pays du Golfe arabo-persique, en particulier depuis la crise sur les prix des produits de...

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What are the current attitudes of the US public opinion regarding major reform projects launched by President Obama ?

John ZOGBY

Annual Conference on the United-States 2013

Renowned pollster John Zogby discussed the attitudes of US public opinion regarding major reform projects launched by President Obama, such as the Affordable Care Act, immigration reform, environmental issues and foreign policy. Twelfth edition of...

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Will the Republican Party choose between the radicals and the moderates?

Aurélie GODET

Annual Conference on the United-States 2013

Aurélie Godet, Associate Professor at Université Paris VII Diderot, shows an ideologically-torn Republican Party and shares her assumptions as to its possible evolutions leading to the 2016 election. Twelfth edition of the Annual...

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The evolution of the Russia-U.S. relationship in the light of theSyrian civil war

Jeffrey MANKOFF

Annual Conference on the United-States 2013

Jeffrey Mankoff, Fellow and Deputy Director, Russia and Eurasia Program at Center for International and Strategic Studies (CSIS) reports on the US-Russian relationship's various evolutions in light of the Syrian civil war and where they...

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The recation of the United-States to the Arab Winters

Michèle DUNNE

Annual Conference on the United States 2013

Michèle Dunne, Senior Associate Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, gives an overview of the current situation in the Middle-East and discusses the American reaction to the Arab Winters. Twelfth edition of the Annual Conference on...

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Towards a new relationship with Iran?

Alireza NADER

Annual Conference on the United States 2013

Alireza Nader, Senior Policy Analyst, The Rand Corporation, shares his assomptions as to whether or not there is an actual rapprochement between the United States and Iran. Twelfth edition of the Annual Conference on the United-States, December...

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The Transatlantic Relationship and Security

Leo MICHEL

Annual Conference on the United States 2013

Leo G. Michel concludes the Annual Conference of 2013 by commenting on the state of transatlantic cooperation in the realm of defense and security. Watch the video.

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Budget américain: le bout du tunnel ?

Laurence NARDON

Published in La Tribune.fr, December 6th 2013

On Tuesday, members of the U.S. Congress achieved a deal on budgetary issues, averting further shutdown of the federal governement. In a recent article on LaTribune.fr, Laurence Nardon explains that time for compromise on the Hill may be back. To...

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Le paquet "gouvernance Schengen" : Les équilibres subtils entre méthode communautaire et logique intergouvernementale

Yves PASCOUAU

Note du Cerfa n°106, décembre 2013

Après deux années de négociations, souvent tendues et parfois placées sous le signe de la dramaturgie politicienne, le paquet « gouvernance Schengen » a finalement été adopté.Ouvert sur...

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Urbanization and Mobility in China

Jiawen YANG

Asie.Visions 66 - December 2013

   Chinese cities are getting bigger and are also growing into each other. To ensure that the rapidly increasing number of urban residents have access to adequate transportation not only requires increased investment in transportation,...

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Révolutions arabes et gaz de schiste : un mélange explosif

Maïté de BONCOURT

Actuelles de l'Ifri, December 2013

Les pays producteurs du Maghreb et du Moyen-Orient, traditionnellement clé dans le paysage énergétique mondial, sont sous le feux de deux révolutions croisées : les révolutions arabes qui agitent la...

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Russian LNG: The Long Road to Export

Tatiana MITROVA

Russie.Nei.Reports No. 16, December 2013

On 1 December 2013 a law on the export liberalization of liquefied natural gas (LNG) came into legal force in Russia. The law allows some categories of companies other than Russia's state gas giant Gazprom and its subsidiary companies to have LNG...

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Les panneaux publicitaires à Abidjan: miroirs des marques, marqueurs des consommations

Hélène QUENOT-SUAREZ

Publicité, consommation et banalisation culturelle dans une Afrique en croissance

Etude de l'Ifri, décembre 2013 Avec 5 % de croissance de son PIB en moyenne ces dernières années, le continent africain, longtemps méprisé par les investisseurs et les observateurs économiques...

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Российский СПГ: успеть на последний поезд

Татьяна Митрова

Russie.Nei.Reports No. 16, Декабрь 2013

С 1 декабря 2013 г. вступил в силу закон о...

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L'Allemagne, européenne malgré elle ?

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER

Etudes, décembre 2013

Le 22 septembre 2013, l’ensemble de l’Europe a eu les yeux tournés vers l’Allemagne. La victoire des chrétiens-démocrates (CDU), portés par la popularité de la chancelière, était...

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Le Maghreb face au poids de la sphère informelle

Abderrahmane MEBTOUL

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2013

L’intégration du secteur informel ne peut être réalisée sans l’existence d’un Etat de droit et elle nécessite une cohérence des politiques de développement, qui s’impose plus...

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Contribution au débat sur la colocalisation au Maghreb

Mihoub MEZOUAGHI

Note de l'Ifri novembre 2013

Le discours sur la « colocalisation » est chargé de bonnes intentions à l’attention des pays du sud de la Méditerranée qui, depuis quelques années, réclament avec insistance une...

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China's Nuclear Idiosyncrasies and Their Challenges

Jeffrey LEWIS

Proliferation Papers, No. 47, November-December 2013

In many respects, the People’s Republic of China’s nuclear arsenal and posture appear unusual to Western eyes. From its “No First Use” policy to its nuclear warhead storage system, Beijing appears to think about nuclear...

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The Impact of the Development of Shale Gas in the United States on Europa's Petrochemical Industries

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'Ifri, November 2013

Summary The shale gas revolution has led to strong falls in energy prices, reducing significantly the raw material costs of the US petrochemical industry. Between 2008 and 2012, US gas prices fell by two thirds. Ethane comes from natural gas...

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La fin du régiment ? Trente ans de déstructuration de l'organisation tactique régimentaire

André THIEBLEMONT

Focus stratégique, No. 48, November 2013

The new organization of land forces breaks with a centuries-old tactical order: the regiment. Born out of political constraints that have shaped its history, the regimental order has accompanied the rise of the nation state; the Third Republic, for...

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L'avenir incertain des hydrocarbures en Algérie

Benjamin AUGE

Actuelles de l'Ifri, November 2013

Historiquement premier producteur de pétrole et de gaz en Afrique - concomitamment avec le Gabon et le Nigeria -, l’Algérie reste aujourd’hui le troisième plus important producteur de pétrole sur le ...

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The Vegetation Programme

Julien BECLARD

The Europe & Space Series n°13, September 2013

Under human pressure, many changes are taking place in the resources and the environment of Earth. An increasing global population fuels the need for food, natural resources and land. Consequently, the need for maintaining a capacity to observe...

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L'Algérie et son Sud. Quels enjeux sécuritaires?

Salim CHENA

Note de l'Ifri, novembre 2013

Lorsqu’il est question des relations qu’entretient l’Algérie avec ses périphéries sud, la dimension internationale de la projection de la puissance algérienne occulte souvent l’importance...

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Accountability: "Missing In Action"

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, November 2013

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. You can write to him at mbren@pitt.edu. Accountability:...

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Dynamics and drivers of shale gas development in three European countries: can a European policy be imagined?

Laura PARMIGIANI

Actuelles de l'Ifri, November 2013

The European Commission introduced in its Work Programme 2013 an action  regarding “Environmental climate and energy assessment framework to enable safe and secure unconventional hydrocarbon extraction”. After having assessed...

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Year 2 of Germany's Energy Transition

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, November 2013

After a decade characterised by the take-off of renewable energies, Germany decided in 2010 to make them the top priority. At the same time, it decided to make exemplary efforts in terms of energy efficiency and the reduction of greenhouse gases....

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La fin des divergences ? Perspectives des politiques économiques françaises et allemandes

Henrik UTERWEDDE

Visions franco-allemandes n°23, octobre 2013

Au cours de la dernière décennie, l’écart économique entre la France et l’Allemagne s’est creusé. Tandis que l’Allemagne a en grande partie réussi à surmonter ses faiblesses...

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Drones-tueurs et éliminations ciblées. Les Etats-Unis contre Al-Qaïda et ses affiliés

Stéphane TAILLAT

Focus stratégique, No. 47, October 2013

Armed drones – as they enable targeted killings – are henceforward playing a central role in American counterterrorism. This method, first initiated under President George W. Bush, has been particularly developed under President Barack...

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Why Hillary?

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, November 2013

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. You can write to him at mbren@pitt.edu. Hillary Clinton has been...

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Ohio: la renaissance ?

Guy HERVIER

Potomac Paper n°18, October 2013

Since the early 19th century, the swing state of Ohio has almost always voted for the same presidential candidate as the rest of the country. This is why every four years, politicians and the media pay so much attention to the Buckeye state.Mapped...

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Impact du développement des gaz de schiste aux États-Unis sur la pétrochimie européenne

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'Ifri, October 2013

Executive Summary La révolution des gaz de schiste a fait chuter les prix de l’énergie, réduisant significativement le coût de la matière première utilisée par la pétrochimie...

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Allemagne, France, Turquie : la triangulation des puissances

Dorothée SCHMID

Note franco-turque n°9 / Note du Cerfa n°105, septembre 2013

Relations between Germany, France and Turkey have been strictly bilateral for a long time, with varying intensity, styles and areas of cooperation. The European perspective that is now part of these relations has introduced a three-way dynamic....

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Half a century of pro-Palestinian activism in France: evolution and prospects

Marc HECKER

Confluences Méditerranée, nr 86, Summer 2013

Le soutien à la cause palestinienne a émergé en France dans les années 1960 et s'est structuré autour de quatre tendances: les réseaux arabes, les "cathos de gauche", une partie des gaullistes et...

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Syrie : l'option militaire reste-t-elle ouverte ?

Corentin BRUSTLEIN, Etienne de DURAND, Guillaume GARNIER, Marc HECKER, Elie TENENBAUM

Note de l'Ifri, septembre 2013

Alors que l’ONU doit présenter son rapport sur  les attaques chimiques en Syrie, Paris, Washington et Londres maintiennent la pression sur le régime syrien et la menace d’une action militaire occidentale reste...

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The Washington Tea Party

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, October 2013

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. The near meltdown of the United States government evoked worldwide...

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NSA Does the Grand Tour

Michael BRENNER

Chroniques Américaines, October 2013

Michael Brenner is a Senior Research Fellow at the Energy Institute of the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations SAIS-Johns Hopkins. On Tuesday Barack Obama called President Francois Hollande of France...

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Les systèmes de santé en Algérie, au Maroc et en Tunisie : Des transitions inachevées

Michel LEGROS, Farid CHAOUI

Septembre 2013

Pénuries fréquentes de médicaments, dépenses non remboursées, distances trop longues en milieu rural pour accéder à des services de soins, vétusté et inadaptation de certains...

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Le pari de l'amphibie : risque tactique, influence stratégique

Guillaume GARNIER

Focus stratégique, No. 46, September 2013

Despite a centuries-long history, amphibious operations have rarely been in the spotlight before the Second World War. Meteorological constraints and joint planning challenges both emphasize their risky and complex character. Lessons learned...

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Japan-Russia: Toward a Strategic Partnership?

Céline PAJON

Russie.Nei.VIsions No. 72, September 2013

Do the peace talks between Japan and Russia, reopened in March 2013 by Shinzo Abe and Vladimir Putin, have any chance of success? A window of opportunity has indeed opened for an historic rapprochement between Russia and Japan. The two countries...

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Япония-Россия: к новому стратегическому партнерству?

Céline PAJON

Russie.Nei.Visions 72, cентябрь 2013

Увенчаются ли успехом переговоры по ...

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The Lisbon Treaty and the Evolution of European Space Governance

Julien BECLARD

The Europe & Space Series, n°12, July 2013

The long road to Lisbon Until the adoption of the Lisbon treaty in December 2007, there was no explicit reference to space in the EU’s constitutive documents. While the European Space Agency has been active in space since the mid-1970s,...

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Perspectives on U.S. Leadership in the Fall of 2013 - 2/2

Walter Russel MEAD

A Seminar of the United States Program at Ifri, September 30th, 2013

Walter Russell Mead, Professor of Foreign Affairs and Humanities at Bard College, editor at large of The American Interest.  Watch the video

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Perspectives on U.S. Leadership in the Fall of 2013 - 1/2

Justin VAISSE

A Seminar of the United States Program at Ifri, September 30th, 2013

Justin Vaïsse, Director of Policy Planning, French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.  Watch the video

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Perspectives on U.S. Leadership in the Fall of 2013 - introduction

Laurence NARDON

A Seminar of the United States Program at Ifri, September 30th, 2013

Laurence Nardon, Head of the United States Program at Ifri.  Watch the video

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Syrie : la bascule diplomatique

Denis BAUCHARD, Mansouria MOKHEFI, Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES, Laurence NARDON, Julien NOCETTI, Vivien PERTUSOT, Dorothée SCHMID

Note de l'Ifri, septembre 2013 (Décryptage de la crise syrienne par les chercheurs de l'Ifri)

La lassitude de l'horreur l'en avait chassée : une horreur plus grande ramène la guerre civile syrienne aux premières pages de nos journaux et sur le devant de la scène diplomatique. Les enjeux, chacun le sait,...

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From One Electoral Campaign to Another: Franco-German Relations in Turbulent Times

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER

The Polish Quarterly of International Affairs, 2/2013, p. 45-61.

Due not only to its importance but also to the place it leaves to symbolic politics, the Franco-German relationship is often described through emotions and in a Manichaean way, alternating between a description of two close friends and a nearly...

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Global Swing States and U.S. Strategy

Daniel KLIMAN

Series on the Future of US Leadership, September 2013

Defending and renewing the global order is a priority for the United States and Europe. An important part of this effort will be accomplished if transatlantic partners can successfully engage four “global swing states” — Brazil,...

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Le Pentagone face à la séquestration et aux sorties de guerres: l'art du brouillard budgétaire ?

Aude FLEURANT

Series on the Future of US Leadership, September 2013

The U.S. defense budget has faced a sharp reduction since 2010, linked to the drawing down of two wars and the Great Recession. Moreover, the polarization of the political debate in Washington and the process of sequestration now underway blur all...

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Les espoirs déçus du désarmement nucléaire

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Etudes, September 2013

En 2011, plus de deux décennies après la fin de la guerre froide, les arsenaux du monde comptaient encore plus de 20 000 armes nucléaires. Comment comprendre la persistance de ce que certains associent déjà...

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Syrie : la bascule diplomatique

Denis BAUCHARD, Mansouria MOKHEFI, Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES, Laurence NARDON, Julien NOCETTI, Vivien PERTUSOT, Dorothée SCHMID

Note de l'Ifri, septembre 2013 (Décryptage de la crise syrienne par les chercheurs de l'Ifri)

La lassitude de l’horreur l’en avait chassée : une horreur plus grande ramène la guerre civile syrienne aux premières pages de nos journaux et sur le devant de la scène diplomatique. Les enjeux, chacun le...

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The IDF on All Fronts: Dealing with Israeli Strategic Uncertainty

Pierre RAZOUX

Focus stratégique, No. 45 bis, August 2013

Facing threats on all its borders as well as social, economic and religious tensions, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) are now under significant pressure in accomplishing their core mission: the survival of the State of Israel. While the post-Arab...

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The Culture of Remembrance in Tunisia

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

Contribution Blog "Shaping the humanities"

Coming to terms with the past through the opening of former places of terror The culture of remembrance can be consolidated only by the creation of publicly accessible places of remembrance. In the same way, it is important to produce a...

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Transitional Justice in Tunisia

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

Contribution Blog "Shaping the humanities"

Legal review as a means of coming to terms with the past should be an essential aid to the Tunisian democratic process, but it has, alas, so far often been a stumbling block. Coming to terms with the past has the task of breaking the shackles of...

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A Hohenschönhausen Memorial Centre in the Nahdour Prison

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

Contribution Blog "Shaping the humanities"

With the project Scholars in Residence, taking the processes of transformation as point of departure, the Goethe-Institut seeks to promote intercultural dialogue in the area of academic research and to strengthen scientific relations between Germany...

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L'éducation au Maghreb : promesses et défis

Abdeljalil AKKARI

Juillet 2013

  Cette étude retrace le développement des systèmes éducatifs au Maghreb et les principaux défis auxquels ils sont confrontés depuis les indépendances et établit les liens entre les...

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L'eau au Maghreb : contraintes, défis et perspectives

Eugenia FERRAGINA et Giovanni CANITANO

Juillet 2013

La situation de l’eau au Maghreb a longtemps été soumise à de fortes pressions liées aux politiques publiques, aux transformations démo-graphiques et économiques, et plus récemment, aux...

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La Sonatrach, un État dans l'État?

HOCINE MALTI

Juillet 2013

L’exploitation du pétrole, ressource naturelle non renouvelable devenue la sève de l’économie mondiale, génère des profits qui s’élèvent à des milliards de dollars et...

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Beyond the Arab awakening: Policies and Investments for Poverty Reduction and Food Security

Perrihan AL-RIFFAI, Clemens BREISINGER, Olivier ECHER and Bingxin YU

Juillet 2013

This report aims to inform and stimulate the debate on key policy priorities for poverty reduction and food security in light of the Arab Awakening. Its findings are based on an innovative combination of datasets and rigorous economic analysis....

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Politique étrangère: les Etats-Unis d'abord

Laurence NARDON

Questions internationales, n°64, nov.-déc. 2013

Lorsqu’ils sont réélus, les Présidents américains cherchent souvent à imprimer leur marque sur la politique étrangère de leur pays. Dans le temps qui lui reste, quels dossiers diplomatiques le...

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Le secteur agricole en Inde : quelles mutations?

Christine LUTRINGER

Asie.Visions 65, juin 2013

Le secteur agricole en Inde est à la fois en profonde mutation et sujet à de sérieuses fragilités. De fait, alors qu’il emploie aujourd’hui encore la moitié de la population active indienne, son taux de...

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How is Russia Adapting to a Threatening New Energy World?

Maïté de BONCOURT, Laura PARMIGIANI

Actuelles de l'Ifri, July 2013

The US shale gas revolution has shaken global gas markets. The US is on the eve of becoming self-sufficient in natural gas (and oil), thanks to the massive discoveries of unconventional resources on their territory, while being able to export...

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Énergie : l'Europe en retard d'une révolution

Cécile MAISONNEUVE

Energy Editorial, July 24th 2013

Article published in Les Échos, July 24th 2013 L'Europe de l'après-guerre s'est structurée d'abord autour de l'énergie. Mais elle peine aujourd'hui à construire un projet énergétique pour le XXI e...

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Le tournant énergétique allemand: année N+2

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, July 2013

Summary Au terme d'une décennie marquée par le décollage des énergies renouvelables sur son sol, l'Allemagne a décidé en 2010 de leur accorder la prééminence, et d'accomplir...

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Vers un renouveau du partenariat transatlantique ? Les relations germano-américaines sous Obama II

Stormy-Annika MILDNER, Henning RIECKE, Claudia SCHMUCKER

Note du Cerfa n°104, juillet 2013

Les conséquences de la crise économique et financière, les nouveaux rapports de force mondiaux, avec notamment une importance toujours plus grande de l’Asie, ainsi que les conflits et risques sécuritaires...

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La Cour suprême et le "Mariage pour tous"

Frederick T. DAVIS

Chroniques Américaines, July 2013 (in French)

Le 26 juin 2013, la Cour Suprême des Etats Unis a rendu deux arrêts sur la question du « mariage pour tous ». Ces deux décisions importantes ont eu un effet immédiat et concret aux Etats-Unis et leur...

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CRISIS AND DECLINE IN SOUTHERN EUROPE: IMPLICATIONS FOR TURKEY

Eduard SOLER I LECHA

Franco-Turkish Paper n°8 July 2013

The twists and turns of the economic and political crisis in southern Europe are now an important parameter for relations between Europe and Turkey. This crisis and the way it is being managed are detrimental to Turkey's economic interests and...

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A propos du débat national sur la transition énergétique : Garder la tête froide

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, July 2013

La presse annonce que le rapport final du débat national sur la transition énergétique proposerait comme objectif de diviser par deux la consommation française d'énergie finale d'ici 2050.Ce n'est pas une bonne...

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Union bancaire : la position des caisses d'épargne allemandes

Georg FAHRENSCHON

Note du Cerfa n°103, juillet 2013

Les multiples faiblesses révélées par la crise, de la gestion des liquidités des banques aux dysfonctionnements des autorités de régulation et de surveillance, ont conduit les dirigeants européens...

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Tsahal sur tous les fronts. L'armée israélienne dans l'incertitude stratégique

Pierre RAZOUX

Focus stratégique, No. 45, July 2013

Facing threats on all its borders, as well as social, economic and religious tensions, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) is now under significant pressure for ensuring its core mission: the survival of the State of Israel. While the post-Arab Spring...

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Immigration reform in the United States: Challenges ahead - 1/2

Anne BAGAMERY

A United States Program Seminar, July 4th 2013

Anne Bagamery, European Day Editor for the International herald Tribune, shares her analysis of the outlook for immigration reform in the United States. Watch the video

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Immigration reform in the United States: Challenges ahead - 2/2

Patrick WEIL

A United States Program Seminar, July 4th 2013

Patrick Weil, Visiting Professor of Law at Yale Law School and a senior research fellow at the French National Research Center in the University of Paris-1, Pantheon-Sorbonne, shares his views of the debate on immigration reform in the United...

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L'un plus égal que l'autre ? Les relations économiques entre l'Afrique du Sud et la Chine depuis 1994

Vincent DARRACQ

Note de l'Ifri, juillet 2013

La Chine est devenue en 2010 le principal partenaire économique de l’Afrique du Sud, devant ses partenaires habituels tels que l’Allemagne et les États-Unis. L’augmentation des échanges commerciaux entre les...

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France and the Fight against Terrorism in the Sahel. The History of a Difficult Leadership Role

Tobias KOEPF

Note de l'Ifri, juin 2013

Except for its extreme poverty and the disastrous effects of a series of droughts, the Sahel region has been largely out of the spotlight of international attention in the past. Yet the rise of terrorism and especially the creation of Al-Qaida in...

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La transition énergétique : un défi pour l'industrie allemande

Hubertus BARDT

Note du Cerfa n°102, juin 2013

En s’engageant dans une transition énergétique sans précédent au niveau international, l’Allemagne a lancé un défi à son industrie. De nombreux problèmes sont mis à jour ou...

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China's Growing Natural Gas Insecurity and the Potential of Chinese Shale Gas

John SEAMAN

Asie.Visions 64, April 2013

China is poised for a dramatic increase in its demand for natural gas. As total energy demand has risen to record levels in the last five years, China has found itself in an increasingly difficult bind: the social and environmental burden from coal...

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La crise idéologique du Parti républicain

Aurélie GODET

Potomac Paper 17, June 2013

The Republican Party's increasingly conservative bent has left it more and more at odds with the countries’ growing minorities. In preparation for the 2016 election, a serious debate on the GOP's stance is now underway between far-right...

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Obama's Second Term Foreign Policy Team

William BURKE-WHITE

Series on the Future of US Leadership, June 2013

The second term of Barack Obama's presidency has introduced new Foreign Policy leadership that suggests changes for the future. The White House will likely centralize foreign-policy making and the Treasury Department may play a bigger role in the...

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Europe et Énergie : Bruxelles...entends-tu?

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, June 2013

Entends-tu ce cri qui monte des quatre coins de l’Union et qui se résume à une phrase : « En Europe, la politique de l’énergie est incohérente et cela ne peut plus durer ». Cri d’autant...

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La nouvelle posture militaire américaine en Asie

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Politique étrangère, Summer 2013

Après les retraits d’Irak et d’Afghanistan, les États-Unis comptent réorienter leur stratégie militaire vers l’Asie. Ce recentrage se traduit notamment par un renforcement des partenariats...

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Cyberguerre. En quête d'une stratégie

Michel BAUD

Focus stratégique n° 44, mai 2013

Cyberspace, as a major but intricate field of action, represents both a challenge and a great strategic advantage. At a time when information technology affects all relationships at a global level, states are destabilized by growing dependence on...

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La pauvreté en Europe : où en est l'Allemagne?

Christoph SCHRÖDER

Note du Cerfa n°101b, mai 2013

Cette note vient en complément de la Note du Cerfa 101a rédigée par Brigitte Lestrade « Entre réussite économique et précarité sociale : l’Allemagne dix ans après les lois Hartz...

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The European Gas Market: a Reality Check

Laura PARMIGIANI

Note de l'Ifri, May 2013

Executive Summary With the approach of the 2014 deadline for the completion of a truly European liberalised energy market, there is growing concern on the adequacy of the market structure with the changed economic and geopolitical environment....

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Entre réussite économique et précarité sociale: l'Allemagne dix ans après les lois Hartz

Brigitte LESTRADE

Note du Cerfa n°101a, mai 2013

Dix ans après la conception des lois Hartz, cette réforme emblématique du marché du travail en Allemagne, qui a suscité – et suscite encore – des débats passionnés, il est possible de...

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Lessons from Investment Policy Reform in Korea

Françoise NICOLAS

(avec Stephen Thomsen et Mi-Hyun Bang), OECD Working Papers on International Investment, No. 2013/02, OECD Publishing, 2013.

As more and more countries seek to liberalise their foreign investment regimes to attract global flows offoreign direct investment (FDI), an essential question for policy-makers is no longer just what to reformbut also how to reform. How is a...

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Afghanistan after 2014: The Way Forward for Russia

Ekaterina STEPANOVA

Russie.Nei.Visions No. 71, May 2013

It may appear that Russia is equally dissatisfied with both Western security’s presence in and its departure from Afghanistan planned for 2014, but whether the Western withdrawal is seen as more of a gain a loss depends on how Moscow itself...

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Афганистан после 2014: перспективы для России

Екатерина Степанова

Russie.Nei.Visions №71, Май 2013

Может показаться, что Россия в равной...

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Offshore Gas in East Mediterranean: From Myth to Reality

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, May 2013

The wave of deep offshore and unconventional gas and oil exploration projects, rendered economically feasible by relatively high prices and new technologies, has reached the shores of the Mediterranean. Levantine countries, including Cyprus, Israel,...

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The Primacy of Alliance: Deterrence and European Security

Lawrence FREEDMAN

Proliferation Papers, No. 46, March-April 2013

Since the end of the Cold War, the international security environment has been transformed and nuclear weapons have been marginalized in the West. However, the NATO security policies remain almost unchanged: deterrence is still considered as a...

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A class defined "by consumption": The grocery-shopping practices of the Lower-Middle Classes in Johannesburg, South Africa

Elodie ESCUSA,

Note de l'Ifri, April 2013

The black middle class in Johannesburg is a much debated but ill-defined phenomenon, treated more often by economic players than by social scientists. Far from static and clear, the concept of the middle class is for us relevant insofar as it...

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The Conundrum of the Southern Gas Corridor: What are the Risks for Europe and Azerbaijan? The viewpoint of an insider

Anthony LIVANIOS

Actuelles de l'Ifri, April 2013

Executive Summary For more than ten years harsh negotiations among different oil majors and pipeline consortia have been taking place about the Southern Gas Corridor, all of them seeking to transit 10 bcm/year of natural gas that will be...

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Tunisie An III de la révolution

Denis Bauchard

Note de l'Ifri, avril 2013

La Tunisie a été, le 14 janvier 2011, le premier pays arabe à rejeter un pouvoir autocratique par un soulèvement pacifique mobilisé avec un slogan qui s’est révélé efficace : «...

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États-Unis : Le rôle de l'État dans le soutien à l'innovation

Gabrielle DURANA

Potomac Paper 16, April 2013

Even though the private sector brings more funding to innovation programs, the role government plays by hosting and/or funding research projects remains key. Only the public sector can pursue the long term projects with no foreseeable profitability...

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Transition énergétique à la chinoise : le nouveau plan quinquennal énergétique

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Actuelles de l'Ifri, April 2013

A la suite de la publication, en mars 2011, de son douzième plan quinquennal, le Conseil d’État de la Chine a récemment publié deux documents  portant sur la politique énergétique de la Chine au...

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Российская энергетическая политика на востоке: китайские головоломки Роснефти

Нина Пусенкова

Russie.Nei.Visions №70, Апрель 2013

В прошлом десятилетии Россия поставила...

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Les républicains et la politique étrangère américaine: quelles perspectives pour 2016?

Laurence NARDON

Series on the Future of US Leadership, April 2013

The future candidates for the 2016 Republican presidential primary will be expected to develop a clear foreign policy agenda and prove the GOP’s credibility on foreign affairs issue. While unilateralists and internationalists currently argue...

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Russia's Eastern Energy Policy: A Chinese Puzzle for Rosneft

Nina POUSSENKOVA

Russie.NEI.Visions, No. 70, April 2013

In the past decade Russia set a strategic goal: to develop the Eastern vector of its energy policy and strengthen oil and gas cooperation with the Asia-Pacific countries. While dialogue on gas with China was stalled, Rosneft, the country's...

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Defence Reform in the United Kingdom: A Twenty-First Century Paradox

John LOUTH

Focus stratégique, No. 43, March 2013

The context of budgetary constraint offered a strong incentive for the 2010 Coalition Government to improve its management of defence equipment. Before that, the previous Labour governments already focused on smart acquisition so that the...

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ASEAN-India Political Cooperation: How to reinforce a much-needed pillar?

Sophie BOISSEAU DU ROCHER

Asie.Visions 63, March 2013

India is one of Southeast Asia’s principal neighbors and there is certainly great potential for cooperation with the region and its institutional representation, ASEAN. But does India properly exploit this opportunity? Is Southeast Asia...

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In Europe, not ruled by Europe: Tough love between Britain and the EU

Vivien PERTUSOT

Note de l'Ifri, March 2013

Discussions of a potential “Brexit”, the United Kingdom leaving the European Union, have sparked debate in Britain, and also across Europe, intensified by the UK veto of the “fiscal compact” at the European Council in...

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The European Commission Energy green paper: a draft to be revised

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, March 213

The European Commission has just made public a green paper devoted to its energy and climate policies until 2030. Presented as a document for discussion the paper is however written in such a way that it may lead to debates avoiding fundamental...

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Dialogue d'avenir franco-allemand : Publications de la promotion 2012 co-allemand

Une initiative de l'Ifri, de la DGAP et de la Fondation Robert Bosch

Le Comité d’études des relations franco-allemandes (Cerfa) de l’Institut français des relations internationales (Ifri) et la Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik (DGAP) ont lancé le Dialogue...

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Der Vertrag von Prüm – Ergebnis einer engen Zusammenarbeit zwischen Deutschland und Frankreich?

Nele Katharina WISSMANN, Marion GAILLARD

in: Claire Demesmay, Martin Koopmann, Julien Thorel (Hrsg.), "Die Konsenswerkstatt. Deutsch-französische Kommunikations- und Entscheidungsprozesse in der Europapolitik", Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2013, p. 195-209.

http://www.nomos-shop.de/Demesmay-Koopmann-Thorel-Konsenswerkstatt/productview.aspx?product=21029&pac=weco

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Russia-Turkey: A Relationship Shaped by Energy

Rémi BOURGEOT

Russie.NEI.Visions, No. 69 / Note franco-turque, No. 7, March 2013

Deepening energy ties between Turkey and Russia prompt questions as to the balance of power between the two countries, with the former relying heavily on the latter for its energy needs. In light of Europe's diversification efforts and of tensions...

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Россия-Турция, энергетика как основа отношений

Реми Буржо

Russie.NEI.Visions №69/Note franco-turque, №7, март 2013

Активное развитие российско-турецкого...

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The European Refining Crisis: What is at stake for Europe?

Maïté de BONCOURT

Actuelles de l'Ifri, March 2013

The European Refining sector is in crisis. The wave of refineries closures has spared no EU Member States. In less than five years, eleven refineries were simply shut down and no less than seventeen changed ownership in the UK, in France, in...

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Entre idéaux et intérêts : les nouvelles perspectives françaises et allemandes sur le Maghreb

Isabel SCHÄFER

Visions franco-allemandes n°22, février 2013

Le « printemps arabe » a agité la rive sud de la Méditerranée. Ces bouleversements ont mis à l’épreuve les alliances existantes et créé de nouveaux partenariats. Aussi bien la France...

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Un partenariat économique avec l'Asie, une évidence et un défi pour l'Europe

Françoise NICOLAS

Lettre de l'IRSEM, n°3, 2013

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China's Fortress Fleet-in-Being and its Implications for Japan's Security

Tetsuo KOTANI

Asie.Visions 62, February 2013

This paper analyzes the rise of maritime China and its implications for Japan’s security policy. In recent years, Chinese naval capabilities have been growing. Beijing aims to expand its maritime presence in the region, but also to limit the...

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Toujours plus chers ? Complexité des armements et inflation des coûts militaires

Sophie LEFEEZ

Focus stratégique, no. 42, February 2013

While French military expenditures have remained relatively constant over the last ten years, equipment production tended to decrease, resulting in capability gaps. This situation highlights the increasing costs of both acquiring and maintaining...

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L'Énergie photovoltaïque: un outil de développement efficace pour les économies subsahariennes

Karim MEGHERBI

Note de l'Ifri, January 2013

Les coûts de production de l’électricité en Afrique subsaharienne1  sont parmi les plus élevés au monde alors que le taux d’électrification y est le plus faible au monde : environ 30% en...

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Security Partnerships in Japan's Asia Strategy - Creating Order, Building Capacity and Sharing Burden

Ryo SAHASHI

Asie.Visions 61, February 2013

During the last decade, Japan has sought partnership with many Asian nations – the drive remaining strong regardless of ruling parties. Newly elected Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan is to continue this trend...

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Transition énergétique et confusion des idées

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, February 2013

A l’heure où s’engage le débat sur la transition énergétique, presque toutes les professions de foi commencent par une confusion en associant deux phénomènes distincts dans leurs causes et...

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Les nouvelles relations entre l'Inde et les pays du Maghreb

Isabelle SAINT-MEZARD

Note de l'Ifri, février 2013

Ce travail s'intéresse aux relations entre l'Inde et le Maghreb, défini comme comprenant l'Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie, ainsi que la Libye et l'Egypte. L'objectif est, dans un premier temps, de comprendre comment...

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Global Coal Trade from Tightness to Oversupply

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'ifri, February 2013

Over the past four years, international coal trade has been reshaped by China’s surging imports.  China, which was still a net exporter in 2008, became the world’s first coal importer in 2011, taking over the position that Japan...

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Entrepreneurs and Migration: The Case of Sweden

Karin KRIFORS

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - February 2013

The « Swedish Model » of labor immigration management came to a turning point with the 2008 reform. This major reform consisted in a deregulation of the labor market, which until then had only opened a limited number of...

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Le Maghreb vu de Chine : perceptions et orientations au lendemain des printemps arabes

Alice EKMAN

Note de l'Ifri, février 2013

Ces deux dernières années ont été marquées par les mouvements de protestation dans le monde arabe. Ces mouvements ont été suivis avec la plus grande attention par les autorités chinoises,...

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Les contradictions de la politique kurde d'Ankara : leçons tirées des grèves de la faim de 2012

Delphine NERBOLLIER

Repères sur la Turquie n° 9, Actuelle de l'Ifri, 18 février 2013

Les grèves de la faim menées durant l'automne 2012 par des centaines de militants kurdes ont polarisé à outrance les positions en Turquie autour de la question kurde. Mais elles ont aussi réussi à imposer...

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Japan and the South China Sea: Forging Strategic Partnerships in a Divided Region

Céline PAJON

Asie.Visions 60, January 2013

In the midst of growing tensions with China, Japan is deepening its strategic engagement in Southeast Asia. Preserving stability in the South China Sea, which is threatened by renewed frictions around contested territories, is a vital interest...

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Qu'est-ce qu'une puissance au XXIe siècle ?

Thierry de MONTBRIAL

DIscours à l'Académie des Sciences morales et politiques, 7 janvier 2013

Avant de tenter d’éclairer cette question, il convient de s’entendre sur les concepts. Celui de puissance, qui s’applique à toute unité active et en particulier à toute unité politique1, est...

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Command and Control in a Nuclear-Armed Iran

Shahram CHUBIN

Proliferation Papers no. 45, January-February 2013

In the long standoff regarding its nuclear ambition, Iran has cultivated ambiguity and been loath to reliably assure the international community of its ultimate intentions, complicating Western efforts to understand, let alone constrain,...

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Les migrants en Allemagne : le débat sur l'intégration

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

Note du Cerfa n°100, janvier 2013

L’étude de la question de l’intégration est encore relativement nouvelle en Allemagne, qui n’a pris conscience que très récemment de son statut de pays d’immigration. Or une telle reconnaissance...

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A City Upon a Crumbling Hill ?

Martin MICHELOT

Series on the Future of U.S. Leadership, february 2013.

Interrogations on a possible decline of U.S. leadership are a regular occurrence in the country. The current debate mobilizes the traditional issues of the enemy (today, China), and of “imperial overstretch,” after over ten years of...

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Governors, Oligarchs, and Siloviki: Oil and Power in Russia

Ahmed MEHDI et Shamil YENIKEYEFF

Russia.NEI.Visions No. 68, February 2013

The contest for control of Russia’s oil industry has been an integral feature of the country’s politics ever since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Therefore, an assessment of political elite dynamics and the competition for control...

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Губернаторы, олигархи и силовики: нефть и власть в России

Шамиль Еникеев и Ахмед Мехди

Russie.NEI.Visions 68, Февраль 2013

Борьба за активы нефтяной...

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The Future of the American Leadership, between Renewal and Delegation

Alexandra DE HOOP SCHEFFER,

Series on the Future of U.S. Leadership, february, 2013

In an effort to preserve its global leadership, the United States has engaged in a “double rebalancing”; a geopolitical rebalancing, as illustrated by the “pivot to Asia,” and a rebalancing of means, with the Obama...

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Winning in Libya: By Design or Default?

Michael W. KOMETER, Stephen E. WRIGHT

Focus stratégique, No. 41, January 2013

The 2011 insurgency in Libya brought about the demise of Supreme Leader Mouammar Qadhafi. A NATO-led coalition operated to meet a unique United Nations mandate including an arms embargo, no-fly zone, and the requirement to protect the population...

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The Future of U.S. Leadership

Laurence NARDON - Alexandra DE HOOP SCHEFFER

Series on the Future of U.S. Leadership, february 2013

The French Institute for International Relations (Ifri) and The German Marshall Fund of the United States – France (GMF) have partnered to launch a joint research program on the transformations of U.S. leadership by the year 2020. This...

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OMC: quel impact pour le secteur agricole russe ?

Pascal GROUIEZ

Russia.NEI.Reports No. 15, December 2012

L’article analyse les impacts envisageables de l’adhésion de la Russie à l’OMC pour son secteur agricole. Il met en évidence que les exploitations agricoles seront différemment touchées par ce...

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France-Allemagne : le présent en perspective

Alfred GROSSER

Visions franco-allemandes, n°20, janvier 2013

Au moment où la France et l’Allemagne célèbrent les 50 ans du traité de l’Élysée, Alfred Grosser revient sur l’histoire de cette coopération bilatérale. Ce grand...

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The Gulf countries' Energy Strategies. What's on the Menu for the Power Sector?

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'ifri, January 2013

The futuristic green city of Masdar in the United Arab Emirates or the latest announcements of Saudi Arabia which might now well become the new Eldorado for solar energy companies have a clear marketing varnish. But if they are showcases of...

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Deja Vu with BMD: The Improbability of Russia-NATO Missile Defense

Richard WEITZ

Russie.Nei.Visions, No 67, January 2013

Consistent attempts by the US and NATO to cooperate on ballistic missile defenses have long divided Russia and the West. The failed talks on this issue have built a foundation of frustration that has reinforced the general lack of trust among the...

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Противоракетная оборона: трудности сотрудничества России и НАТО

Ричард ВАЙЦ

Russie.Nei.Visions, n°67, январь 2013

Вопрос противоракетной обороны (ПРО) уже...

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La France, l'Allemagne et la défense européenne : pour plus de pragmatisme et moins de pathos

Claudia MAJOR

Visions franco-allemandes, n°20, janvier 2013

Alors que le 50e anniversaire du traité de l’Élysée va être célébré en janvier 2013, la coopération franco-allemande en matière de défense ne vit pas ses heures les plus...

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La résilience nigérienne à l'épreuve de la guerre au Mali

L'Afrique en questions n°15,

Mathieu Pellerin, Actuelle de l'Ifri, February 2013

« Le silence au nord du Niger précède sans doute la tempête ». Cette inquiétude confiée par un humanitaire touareg basé à Agadez avant l’opération Serval est...

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The Defense Budget in France: Between Denial and Decline

Martial FOUCAULT

Focus stratégique no. 36 bis, December 2012

Although defense spending is the fourth budget item in France, it is rarely a matter of public debate. During the past three decades, defense has been affected in turn by the desire to rip the benefit of the post-Cold War “peace...

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Trading Freely with East Asia: Challenges and Opportunities for EU FTAs in the Region

Conference Report, Center for Asian Studies, 13 November 2012

As the fastest growing region in the world, East Asia is an important partner for the European Union, particularly at a time of economic difficulty. Asian countries have weathered the recent financial and economic crisis much better than Europe and...

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The U.S. Oil and Gas Boom

John BRODMAN,

Chroniques Américaines, December 2012

(This Chronique was originally published by Ifri’s Center on Energy) A funny thing happened in the last few years when no one was paying attention. J.R. Ewing, the legendary Texas oilman, and his wife Sue Ellen sold Southfork, their ranch...

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Chine et investissements internationaux – vers une normalisation

Françoise NICOLAS

in Arès Mathieu et Eric Boulanger (dir.), L'investissement et la nouvelle économie mondiale : trajectoires nationales, réseaux mondiaux et normes internationales, Coll. Mondialisation et droit international, Bruylant, 2012

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Powering Kuwait into the 21st Century: Alternatives for Power Generation

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, December 2012

Kuwait is facing a surge in the consumption of power. The current power fuel mix, based on oil, appears unsustainable. Yet Kuwait has a large number of assets. The power fuel mix can be optimized and diversified to include alternatives to oil...

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Solar Photovoltaic Energy Policy in Europe: Losing Sight of What is Right

Cherrelle EID

Note de l'Ifri, December 2012

Europe has set ambitious but drastic targets in order to fight climate change. The 20-20-20 objectives demonstrate this. By 2020, emissions are to be reduced by 20%, the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in energy consumption is targeted...

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Transition énergétique et nucléaire en France : je t'aime, moi non plus

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

Actuelles, Centre Energie Ifri, December 2012

De 1945 à 1973, durant les « trente glorieuses », la France connait la période de croissance économique la plus forte de son histoire. Dans le même temps, la dépendance à l’égard du...

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Ballistic Missile Defense in Japan: Deterrence and Military Transformation

Sugio TAKAHASHI

Asie.Visions No. 59/Proliferation Papers No. 44, December 2012

In December 2003, Japan decided to be the second country in the Asia-Pacific to deploy a ballistic missile defense (BMD) system. Started in the 1980s as a defense industry cooperation initiative, BMD efforts have been highly prioritized since the...

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The social and political evolutions of U.S. public opinion as shown by the November vote

John ZOGBY

Annual Conference on the United States 2012

John Zogby, Senior Analyst, JZ Analytics, examines the social and political evolutions of U.S. public opinion as shown by the November vote. Annual Conference on the United-States, December 7th, 2012. Watch the video  

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China's Two-Track Foreign Policy - From Ambiguous to Clear-Cut Positions

Alice EKMAN

Asie.Visions 58, December 2012

This analysis examines the current ambiguities, priorities and approaches of Chinese foreign policy from a practitioner’s perspective, taking into account experiences of Beijing-based diplomats (interviews conducted in 2011 and 2012), in...

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Un moteur bridé : les résistances à l'intégration européenne en France et en Allemagne

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER, Hans STARK

in Hans Stark, Martin Koopmann et Joachim Schild (dir.), "Les relations franco-allemandes dans une Europe unifiée. Réalisations et défis", Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, décembre 2012, p. 41-61.

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France and the Deepening of the Eurozone: Is There a Way for Franco-German Convergence?

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER

in Elzbieta Kaca, Dorota Liszczyk and Roderick Parkes (eds.), "France and the future of the European Union", PISM Report, December 2012.

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The role of the Supreme Court in U.S. politics: what can we expect from upcoming decisions?

Jeffrey ROSEN

Annual Conference on the United States 2012

Jeffrey Rosen, Law Professor, George Washington University, engages in a comprehensive analysis of the Supreme Court's role in the years to come and shares his assumptions as to its upcoming decision.   Annual Conference on...

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Organiser la "transition énergétique": les leçons du "tournant" allemand pour le débat françai

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

The Energy Editorial, December 2012

Alors que s'est ouvert le débat sur la transition énergétique en France, quels enseignements peut-on tirer de la sortie du nucléaire en Allemagne, compte tenu des relations énergétiques au sein de l'Union...

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Franchir le miroir. " Régimes hybrides " et pouvoir traditionnel dans les États fragiles

François GAULME

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2012

La relation conflictuelle entre l’État et les sociétés locales n’a rien de nouveau. Ce qui est inédit, en revanche, c’est la prolifération contemporaine d’États cooptés au sein...

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Where does American nationalism stand today?

Anatol LIEVEN

Annual Conference on the United States 2012

Anatol Lieven, Professor War Studies Department, King's College explains to us the main characteristics of American nationalism and where it currently stands. Annual Conference on the United-States December 7th, 2012. Watch video

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Next Steps in the US Pivot to Asia

Ely RATNER

Annual Conference on the United States 2012

Ely Ratner, Fellow, Center for a New American Security, analyses the origin and key elements of the US Pivot to Asia and defines its new steps. Annual Conference, December 7th, 2012. Watch the video

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L'avenir européen de la Serbie

Florent MARCIACQ

Analyse du CFA n°3, décembre 2012

Par sa géographie, par sa culture, par son histoire, la Serbie se situe incontestablement en Europe. Mais elle ne semble se rapprocher de l’Union européenne (UE) qu’à reculons. Comment expliquer cette retenue ? Cette...

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Du virtuel au réel: l'impact du web social sur les forces armées

Marc HECKER, Nicolas VANBREMEERSCH, Marguerite de DURAND, Thibault SOUCHET

Revue Défense Nationale, décembre 2012

Depuis une dizaine d’années, le web tend à devenir de plus en plus « social » : les nouvelles plateformes créées au cours de cette période (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Flickr, Tumblr, etc.)...

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What role for the EU in Doha?

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

The Energy Editorial, November 2012

Historical leader of the fight against climate change, the European Union’s influence declined in Copenhagen. This opened the way to the so-called BASIC countries to show their willingness to become a driving force in the international climate...

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What role for the EU in Doha?

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

The Energy Editorial, November 2012

Historical leader of the fight against climate change, the European Union’s influence declined in Copenhagen. This opened the way to the so-called BASIC countries to show their willingness to become a driving force in the international climate...

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Kazakhstan and Eurasian Economic Integration: Quick Start, Mixed Results and Uncertain Future

Nargis KASSENOVA

Russie.Nei.Reports, No.14, November 2012

Kazakhstan’s economic integration with Russia and Belarus has been advancing at break-neck speed. In October 2007, these countries signed a treaty on the creation of the Customs Union (CU), in July 2010 the unified Customs Code went into...

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Contenir la piraterie: des réponses complexes face à une menace persistante

Hugues EUDELINE

Focus stratégique n° 40, novembre 2012

Economic globalization has developed in favor of an increase of maritime flows, thus offering a revival to the millennium history of piracy. Present on all the seas around the world – particularly in the Gulf of Guinea, the Horn of Africa and...

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Les relations germano-britanniques à l'heure de vérité

Roderick PARKES

Note du Cerfa n°99, novembre 2012

Le veto britannique lors du Conseil européen de décembre 2011 a une nouvelle fois souligné les divergences entre l’Allemagne et le Royaume-Uni. Qu’il s’agisse de la politique économique ou de la...

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France and the EEAS: A give-and-take relationship

Vivien PERTUSOT

in Ignacio Molina and Alicia Sorroza (eds.), Reviewing Member States' Commitment to the European External Action Service, EPIN Working Paper, No. 34, November 2012

Based on interviews with diplomats from a representative cross-section of nine member states and members of the EEAS itself, the research findings of this EPIN Working Paper confirm long-standing traditions and member state perceptions of...

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Le bouquet électrique en Grande-Bretagne

Charlotte TREBUCHET

Note de l'Ifri, November 2012

Les différentes mutations que le secteur électrique britannique a subies depuis sa libéralisation ont placé la Grande Bretagne comme l’éclaireur des réformes. Afin de comprendre les enjeux de la...

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La difficile équation énergétique de la nouvelle présidence au Ghana.

L'Afrique en questions n°14,

Benjamin Augé, Actuelle de l'Ifri, December 2012

  Le président ghanéen par intérim John Dramani Mahama[1] est devenu le 9 décembre le successeur de John Atta-Mills[2], décédé en juillet dernier. Or Mahama, qui passe pour un...

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Negotiating for a Malaysia-EU FTA: Contesting Interests from Malaysia's Perspective

THAM Siew Yean

Asie.Visions 57, November 2012

Malaysia has shifted its focus from multilateral and regional to bilateral trade agreements due to the current doldrums in the Doha Round and the bandwagon effect from similar shifts in other countries. Despite the importance of trade to the...

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Challenges and Opportunities of a EU-Taiwan ECA: A Review of Political-Economic Perspectives

TSENG Yea Jen

Asie.Visions 56, November 2012

Concerns over becoming marginalized in the course of East Asian economic integration are driving a proactive regional trade agreement (RTA) strategy on the part of Taiwan. Three factors explain this concern: Competing visions of economic integration...

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A EU-Japan Free Trade Agreement - Toward More Solid Economic Relations

Hiromasa KUBO

Asie.Visions 55, November 2012

Until the 1990s, economic ties between the European Union and Japan were marked largely by an atmosphere of trade tension. The main reason was the persistent trade surplus that Japan maintained. Over time, however, the improvement of the bilateral...

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L'Afrique de l'Est, une géopolitique pétrolière à haut risque

Benjamin AUGE

Note de l'Ifri, November 2012

Autrefois, hors de portée des radars des sociétés pétrolières, l'Afrique de l'Est est devenue en l'espace de cinq ans l'une des zones du continent où les investissements sont les plus soutenus. Deux raisons...

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Globalization of Japanese firms - Long-run trends, cross-sectional variations, and policy implications

Eiichi TOMIURA

Asie.Visions 54, October 2012

Japanese firms are increasingly involved in various global business operations – not only in traditional international trade in goods, but also in offshore production and the new mode of globalization: offshore outsourcing.While it had been...

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Beyond the "Arab Spring": Russia's Security Interests in the Middle East

Irina ZVYAGELSKAYA

Note de l'Ifri, novembre 2012

The reconfiguration of the regional system of international relations as a result of the Arab revolutions has engendered fresh challenges for Russia, related, amongst other things, to deteriorating relations with the USA and other Western powers....

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Temporary Workers or Permanent Migrants? The Kafala System and Contestations over Residency in the Arab Gulf States

Noora LORI

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - November 2012

The Arab Gulf is the third largest receiving region for global migrants (after North America and the European Union). The six states of the Gulf Corporation Council (GCC) are the richest Arab economies, boast some of the highest GDP per capita...

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Crossing the line – A new status quo in the East China Sea?

Céline PAJON

Ifri-CIGS Op-Ed Series, 22 October 2012

Deepening their partnership, Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies (CIGS) are launching a series of op-eds, written both by Ifri and CIGS experts. This new series aims at providing the European and Asian public with original and different...

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The Battle over Fire Support: The CAS Challenge and the Future of Artillery

Elie TENENBAUM

Focus stratégique no.35 bis, october 2012

Traditionally, maneuver units are designed for mobility and control of the ground, while supporting forces (artillery, aviation) deliver fires to protect the former and ensure their freedom of action. As a result of the introduction of mobile...

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La Russie au Moyen-Orient

Denis BAUCHARD

Note de l'Ifri, octobre 2012

La position russe, mal comprise en Occident, devant le « printemps arabe » et les crises qui secouent le Moyen-Orient, doit être replacée dans le cadre des lignes de force qui sous-tendent la politique...

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German-Russian Relations: Balance Sheet since 2000 and Perspectives until 2025

Hannes ADOMEIT

Note du Cerfa n°98, octobre 2012

The relationship between Germany and Russia, according to official portrayals in Berlin, is one of ‘strategic partnership’ supplemented by ‘modernisation partnership’. rn The closeness and at times demonstrative cordiality...

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Turquie est-elle prête à une guerre avec la Syrie ?

Dorothée SCHMID

Analyse vidéo de Dorothée Schmid, conférence annuelle EuroMeSCo, IEMED, Barcelone, 5 octobre 2012

Le 3 octobre 2012, des tirs d’obus syriens font 5 morts dans le village turc d'Akçakale, situé à la frontière avec la Turquie. Ankara, très engagé dans le soutien aux insurgés syriens,...

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The WTO and the Customs Union: What Consequences for the Russian Banking Sector?

Dmitri MIROSHNICHENKO

Russie.Nei.Visions, No.66, October 2012

Russia is now a member of World Trade Organization (WTO) and of the Eurasian Customs Union between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Questions remain over how this new global and regional integration will affect the competitive environment of the...

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Присоединение России к ВТО и Таможенному союзу: влияние на конкуренцию в банковском секторе

Дмитрий Мирошниченко

Russie.Nei.Visions, №66, октябрь 2012

Данная работа посвящена проблеме...

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Débat Obama-Romney : regards croisés franco-allemands

Laurence NARDON, Josef BRAML

Les analyses de Laurence Nardon et Josef Braml, Actuelle de l'Ifri, 23 octobre 2012

Analyses et commentaires parus sur arte.tv :  Dans la nuit du 22 au 23 octobre, le président américain sortant Barack Obama et son rival, le républicain Mitt Romney, se sont retrouvés pour leur troisième...

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How to Create a Public Policy in a Failed State - The Challenge of Securing Land Rights in Eastern Congo

Florence LIEGEOIS, Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, October 2012

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 32 years of dictatorship and almost ten years of war have bled the country dry and left its administration incapable of providing the population with basic services and the government incapable of...

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Quand les embouteillages " créent " la ville - L'influence de la congestion sur la structure et l'économie urbaines à Accra (Ghana)

Hélène QUENOT-SUAREZ

Note de l'Ifri, October 2012

Les embouteillages se sont développés rapidement dans les villes africaines et deviennent un problème majeur. Ainsi, en limitant la mobilité des biens et des personnes, ils ralentissent la croissance économique....

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The European Coal Market: Will Coal survive the EC's Energy and Climate Policy?

Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Note de l'ifri, October 2012

Executive Summary The European coal industry is at a crossroads. The European Commission (EC) Energy Policy by 2020, the 20/20/20 targets, is not favourable to coal: a 20% decrease in CO2 emissions does not favour coal compared with natural...

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Towards gas-on-gas competition in Europe from trends to reality?

Laura PARMIGIANI

The Energy Editorial, October 2012

Last week Centrica announced having signed a three-year gas supply contract with Gazprom Marketing and Trading UK entirely priced against UK spot gas market (NBP). This move follows other announcements in the sector, such as EON long-term gas supply...

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Is Africa's Recent Economic Growth Sustainable?

Shantayanan DEVARAJAN & Wolfgang FENGLER

Note de l'Ifri, octobre 2012

Hardly a week goes by without an African investors’ conference or growth summit. Portuguese people are looking for jobs in Angola. Silicon Valley companies are arriving in Kenya to learn about Africa’s ICT revolution. The reason behind...

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How does the Tea Party compare with European far right movements?

Adi SIRKES

Chroniques Américaines, October 2012

There is a rich history of far-right political parties in Europe. Long-standing parties such as the French Front National (FN), mostly marginalized since World War II, have enjoyed a resurgence since the 1980’s. Under the very recent...

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Deterring the Weak: Problems and Prospects

James J. WIRTZ

Proliferation Papers no. 43, Fall 2012

Strong states often fail to deter vastly weaker competitors. This paper explores some reasons of this failure and identifies factors that can increase the prospects that deterrence will succeed in these situations. It argues that deterrence fails...

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Pour une relecture du " grand jeu " entre l'Inde et la Chine en Birmanie

Renaud EGRETEAU

Asie.Visions 53, Spetember 2012

Renouvelée par un coup d’état militaire en septembre 1988, la junte birmane est promptement ostracisée par la communauté internationale au cours des années 1990. Seule la Chine maintient ses liens avec la...

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Rare Earths and the East China Sea: Why hasn't China embargoed shipments to Japan?

John SEAMAN

Ifri-CIGS Op-Ed Series, 5 octobre 2012

As tensions persist between China and Japan in the East China Sea, it is interesting to note that one of the most symbolic actions of the previous crisis has yet to make an appearance this time around. The stoppage of rare earth shipments to Japan...

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Capacity mechanisms/ EU or National Issue?

Laura PARMIGIANI

Actuelle de l'Ifri, October 2012

In a competitive energy system, generation investment choices are let to investors. It is then the responsibility of the market actors to invest and ensure peak, medium and base load generation, based on market perspectives and trends. If through...

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The U.S. electorate on the eve of the election

Bruce STOKES

The U.S. Program's Fall Seminar, October 3, 2012

Bruce Stokes (Director, Global Economic Attitudes, Pew Research Center) gives an in-depth analysis of the U.S. electorate on the eve of the 2012 presidential election. Click here to watch the video En partenariat avec l'Ambassade des Etats-Unis...

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Do Presidential Debates Matter in the Campaign?

Bruce STOKES

Bruce Stokes replies to Laurence Nardon, October 2012

The Fall seminar of the United States Program at Ifri took place on October 3, the day of the first presidential TV debate. Director of  "Global Economic Attitudes" at the Pew Research Center, Bruce Stokes gives his analysis of the role these...

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Positioning of Nuclear in the Japanese Energy Mix

Tatsuo MASUDA, Ryiochi KOMIYAMA

Note de l'Ifri, October 2012

Nuclear fission was discovered in the late 1930s. The first application went towards military use, and gradually expanded to civil use such as power generation. Power generation gained importance in two stages: firstly, to shift away from oil in...

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Entreprises et universités russes : de la coopération au recrutement

Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN

Russie.Nei.Reports, n°13, octobre 2012

Pendant la période de transition, les entreprises russes se sont massivement désintéressées des coopérations avec les universités. Déçues par le système éducatif traditionnel, les...

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La mutation du système des partis allemand : bientôt des pirates à bord ?

Stephan KLECHA

Note du Cerfa n°97, septembre 2012

 Le paysage politique allemand, longtemps stable, subit actuellement des modifications profondes. Les partis traditionnels ont de plus en plus de mal à attirer les électeurs et de nouveaux partis obtiennent désormais...

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The GCC States of the Persian Gulf and Asia Energy Relation

Thierry KELLNER

Note de l'Ifri, September 2012

Since the 2000s, China and India's needs for hydrocarbons, coming on top of those of older industrialized Asian countries (Japan and South Korea), have considerably strengthened customer-supplier links between Asia in general and the Persian Gulf,...

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Powering Kuwait into the 21st Century: Adopting a Sustainable Strategy

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, September 2012

Over the last ten years, Kuwait's power consumption has doubled. This rising need for electricity has been mainly driven by the fast population growth rate, the increasing need for desalinated water, accounting for 93% of water consumption, and...

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" Hollande l'Africain " ? La politique africaine de la France à la croisée des chemins - Interview de Yves Gounin

L'Afrique en questions n°13,

Hélène Quénot-Suarez, Aurore Loste, Actuelle de l'Ifri, septembre 2012

Contexte Tout comme ses prédécesseurs, François Hollande n’a pas manqué à la promesse de « rompre » avec la « Françafrique »[1]. La modernisation de la...

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Etats-Unis: Les classes moyennes, de l'âge d'or à l'ère du doute

Laurence NARDON

Ramsès 2013: Gouverner aujourd'hui?

The American middle class has played a key role in the establishment of the country's democracy, prosperity and culture. the long and many-faceted  crisis that started in the summer of 2007 with the crash of the housing bubble has hurt them...

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La Cour suprême, un arbitre imprévisible

Laurence NARDON

Ramsès 2013: Gouverner aujourd'hui?

In the Spring of 2012, Chief Justice John Roberts, known for his conservative outlook, delivered unexpectedly progressive opinions in several decisions, underlining the general impredictibility of the Courts's ruling. 

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Al-Qaeda in a Changing Region

Alia BRAHIMI

Note de l'Ifri, September, 2012

 Dr Alia Brahimi is a Research Fellow at the London School of Economics and Political Science and a Senior Research Associate at the University of Oxford. She is the author of Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror (OUP, 2010).

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Towards a new geopolitics of energy ?

Laura PARMIGIANI

The Energy Editorial, September 2012

First of all, shale oil is starting to take the same dimension as shale gas in the US. Already 51% of US production comes presently from unconventional gas (shale, tight gas and coal-bed methane), and outlooks predict that the US will produce...

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Tensions territoriales autour du Japon : guerre improbable, paix difficile

Céline PAJON

Lettre du Centre Asie 62, August 2012

Cet été, les frictions se sont multipliées autour des territoires disputés entre le Japon et ses voisins (îlots et zones économiques exclusives)[1]. Le maintien du statu quo, qui semblait prévaloir...

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Don't Bank on Change: Finance and regulatory reform in the U.S.

Herman SCHWARTZ

Potomac Paper 15, September 2012

As a number of provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act are entering into force, five years after the beginnings of the financial crisis, Professor Herman Schwartz explains how the U.S. banking community will continue to hurt the interests of the American...

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After the Party Conventions, Obama and Romney in the polls

Laurence NARDON

A video interview, September 2012

 Dr Laurence Nardon,senior resarch fellow and head of the United States Program at Ifri summarizes the key elements regarding the current American presidential elections right after the Party Conventions Click here to watch the video

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Who are the Mormons?

Anne-Lorraine BUJON

A video interview by Laurence Nardon, September 2012

 Anne lorraine Bujon, associate research fellow at Ifri, answers Laurence Nardon about Mormonism in the United States which seems to have entered a new chapter of its history with the presidential candidacy of Mitt Romney. Click here to...

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Les réserves en première ligne? Du citoyen-soldat à l'intérim

Michel BAUD

Focus stratégique, no. 39, September 2012

A central piece of national security during two centuries and an essential link between the military and the people, the French reserve forces have considerably decreased over the last decades. Nevertheless, new economic constraints now urge for...

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Le Brésil et le monde arabe: Les limites d'un rapprochement Sud-Sud

Bruno MUXAGATO

Note de l'Ifri, août 2012

Historiquement, le Moyen-Orient n’a pas été une zone prioritaire pour la diplomatie brésilienne, bien que des rapprochements ponctuels se soient opérés2 dans les années 1970 et 1980. Avec...

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Building Security Institutions: Lessons Learned in Afghanistan

Olivier NEOLA

Focus stratégique no.38, July-August 2012

After its rapid military victory over the Taliban, the international community underestimated the resources, time and work that would be required enforce to Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Afghanistan. Even though the Afghan population was...

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The Ongoing Economic Crisis-Series 5. What Precipitated the Economic Bubble in Europe, and How Did It Collapse?

Daisuke KOTEGAWA

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°11 - July 2012

This series of policy papers, published by Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies, provides a Japanese perspective on the causes, the mechanisms and the consequences of the global economic crisis, as well as the measures implemented by the...

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Russia's Arctic Policy and the Northern Fleet Modernization

Pavel BAEV

Russie.Nei.Visions, No 65, August 2012

The interplay of the foreign, domestic and military dimensions of Russia’s Arctic policy is characterized by peculiar incompatibilities. The position of power secured by the military superiority and ambitious modernization of strategic forces...

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Российская политика в Арктике и модернизация Северного флота

Pavel BAEV

Russie.Nei.Visions, n°65, август 2012

Внешнее, внутреннее и военное измерения...

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L'insécurité transfrontalière au Cameroun et dans le bassin du lac Tchad

Cyril MUSILA

Note de l'Ifri, juillet 2012

L’insécurité transfrontalière actuelle dans le bassin du lac Tchad s’inscrit dans l’histoire des dynamiques sociopolitiques et économiques de cette région commune au Cameroun, à la...

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Les Enjeux du dialogue stratégique à l'échelle franco-allemande

Lothar RÜHL

Note du Cerfa n°96, juillet 2012

La France et l’Allemagne ont entamé un nouveau « dialogue stratégique », dont l’objectif est de définir une stratégie politico-militaire commune dans les domaines de la sécurité...

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L'irrésistible ascension des mormons américains

Anne-Lorraine BUJON

Potomac Paper 14, July 2012

Mormonism has been making headlines ever since Mitt Romney declared his candidacy to the White House. This 19th century American-born religion puts forth a  set of values that is both original and strong. A better understanding of these values...

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Missile defense: Certainly American, Potentally European (in French)

Vivien PERTUSOT

in Olivier Kempf (ed.), L'Alliance atlantique transformée, Revue Défense Nationale/Economica, Summer 2012, No. 752

The political-strategic objectives of NATO's missile defense seem well-conceptualized by now when it comes to its overall posture, geographical location, and integration within the NATO architecture. The Russian issue remains open to speculation....

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En lisant la déclaration "Rio+20"

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, July 2012

La lecture des 283 articles de la déclaration de « Rio + 20 » avec leur succession de « Nous approuvons… », « Nous soutenons… », « Nous recommandons… » suscite,...

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L'Europe face à la crise de la dette : Les débats politiques allemands

Daniela SCHWARZER

Note du Cerfa n°95, juin 2012

Depuis 2010, la crise de la dette détermine largement la politique européenne de l’Allemagne. Compte tenu du rôle majeur de l’Allemagne en tant que principale garantie des mécanismes de sauvetage, et de...

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La croissance de l'Afrique est-elle une vue de l'esprit ?

L'Afrique en questions n°12,

Hélène Quenot-Suarez, Actuelle de l'Ifri, June 2012

En mai, la Banque mondiale publiait son Africa Development Indicators 2011. Cette publication est toujours attendue car le matériau statistique proposé, toujours précis et commenté, est précieux. A partir...

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The Gulf Countries Energy Strategies

Maïté de BONCOURT

The futuristic green city of Masdar in the United Arab Emirates or the latest announcements of Saudi Arabia which might now well become the new Eldorado for solar energy companies have a clear marketing varnish. But if they are showcases of green...

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Establishing the Rule of Law: the U.N. Challenge in Kosovo

Jean-Christian CADY

Focus stratégique no.34 bis, June 2012

Created on the 10th July 1999 by Security Council Resolution 1244, UNMIK was responsible for restructuring the institutions of a country devastated by war and establishing democratic governance. The security of people and goods and the existence of...

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American society and gay marriage

Kitsy SMITH

Chroniques Américaines, June 2012 (in French)

Début mai, le Président Obama est devenu le premier président des États-Unis à déclarer publiquement son soutien au mariage homosexuel. Il est peu probable que cette déclaration soit suivie d’un...

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Argent et élections aux Etats-Unis: la campagne de 2012

Anne DEYSINE

Potomac paper 13, June 2012

Campaign funding in the U.S. follows a number of rules that are complex and often bypassed. These rules have been upset by recent judicial decisions, and the 2012 electoral campaign has seen the rise of unlimited donations. The impact on the...

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Is Omar Sy an Uncle Tom? Race relations in America and France as seen through "Les Intouchables"

Adi SIRKES

Chroniques Américaines, June 2012

  The Intouchables tells the story of a young Senegalese immigrant named Driss, who has been hired to be the caretaker of Philippe, a rich tetraplegic. The feel-good comedy has been a smashing success in France and across the world, grossing...

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SOMMET EUROPÉEN / CRISE DE L'EURO : ÉLÉMENTS D'ANALYSE PAR LES EXPERTS DE L'IFRI

DOSSIER D'ACTUALITÉ

A la veille d'un sommet européen, de nouveau jugé crucial pour l'avenir de la zone euro et pour la survie du projet européen, quelques éléments d'analyse par les chercheurs de l'Ifri.Etudes, analyses,...

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An Overview of Italy's Energy Mix

Corrado CAMMI, Mattia ASSANELLI

Note de l'Ifri, June 2012

Italy is currently hit by an unprecedented economic, political and social crisis. This changing and uncertain environment affects more than ever the ability to define an energy strategy, which has never really benefitted from a clear vision and a...

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Quand la crise menace la politique extérieure de l'Union européenne

Vivien PERTUSOT

La politique étrangère de l’Union européenne est en crise. L’Europe est en voie de démilitarisation et mise encore sur l’OTAN quand il s’agit de mener des opérations d’envergure. Pour...

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EU GHG Emission Targets: "Mind the gap"

Ilaria LOJODICE

Actuelles de l'Ifri, June 2012

While the actual price of carbon emissions in the EU market is at the extremely low level of €6 per tonne, it is crucial to track European emission trends and to compare them with the commitments of the EU-15 under the Kyoto Protocol and the...

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Drafting an agenda for Asia – Europe cooperation – Thinking outside the box

Françoise NICOLAS

in Boecker, Malte and Armando Garcia-Schmidt (eds), Europe in dialogue, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh, 2012.

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Launcher policy in Europe: from symbol to the market?

Christophe VENET

The Europe & Space Series #11, June 2012

Launcher policy will be one of the major issues discussed at the upcoming ESA Council at Ministerial Level. Europe is at the crossroads, as it needs to find the adequate balance between political necessities (ensuring an autonomous access to space)...

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The Ongoing Economic Crisis- 3&4: The US authorities and the financial crisis / Fiscal austerity as a mistake

Daisuke KOTEGAWA

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°9&10 - June 2012

This series of policy papers, published by Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies, provides a Japanese perspective on the causes, the mechanisms and the consequences of the global economic crisis, as well as the measures implemented by the...

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The Religious Diplomacy of the Russian Federation

Alicja CURANOVIĆ

Russie.Nei.Reports, No.12, June 2012

The Russian Federation is shaping its religious diplomacy (i.e., in brief, the use of the religious factor in foreign policy) and exercises it with a growing efficiency. This is, to a certain degree, a consequence of processes taking place in...

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Les opérations aéroportées: la profondeur stratégique en question

Benoît MICHEL

Focus stratégique no.37, May 2012

Airborne operations draw their strategic importance from the scale and magnitude they provide to air-land operations. Yet, their concept of employment, shaped by their historical legacy may seem unfit to contemporary requirements – especially...

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Campaign finance in the United States

Anne DEYSINE

A video interview by Laurence Nardon, May 2012

The November election campaign is in full swing in the United States, with the new rules authorizing unlimited private financing now in place. How exactly will this unfold? What impact could the this change in financing have on American...

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The Ongoing Economic Crisis- 1&2: Comments on the EU Strategy/The Causes of the Crisis

Daisuke KOTEGAWA

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°7&8 - May 2012

This series of policy papers, published by Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies, provides a Japanese perspective on the causes, the mechanisms and the consequences of the global economic crisis, as well as the measures implemented by the...

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Soutenir la croissance, limiter les émissions: la Chine est-elle un modèle en matière de politique climatique ?

Thibaud VOÏTA,

Note de l'Ifri, May 2012

La Chine a connu pendant les trente dernières années une crois¬sance sans précédent qui lui a permis de se hisser en 2010 comme deuxième puissance économique mondiale, devant le Japon et derrière...

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Undocumented Workers in Spain and the Politics of Regularization

Inara STÜRCKOW

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - May 2012

By the end of 2004, low migration flow regulation contributed to a high rate of irregularity and hampered adaptation of foreign labor supplies to the demands of the Spanish labor market, contributing therewith to an increase in irregular workers....

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New Economic Development Opportunities for Taiwan in the Post-ECFA Era

Da-Nien LIU, Hui-Tzu SHIH

Asie.Visions 51, April 2012

The main aim of this paper is to analyze the new opportunities for Taiwan’s ongoing economic development in the era following the signing of the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA) between Taiwan and China. The paper begins with an...

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China and Cleaner Coal: A marriage of necessity destined for failure?

John SEAMAN

Asie.Visions 52, April 2012

For China, coal is a crucial source of abundant, indigenous and affordable energy and is a pillar of economic and social stability. From a logic of energy security, and because the industry itself maintains a formidable political presence through...

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Proliferation and Nonproliferation in the Early Twenty-First Century : The Permanent Five Hold the Key to Success

David SANTORO

Proliferation Papers no. 42, Spring 2012

Since the early twenty-first century, the international nonproliferation landscape has experienced a shift from relatively steady proliferation schemes to more complex and diverse challenges. New entities are gaining access to nuclear material and...

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Gazoducs et Géopolitique

Jacques LESOURNE, Laura PARMIGIANI

The Energy Editorial

Les tracés de gazoducs offrent de magnifiques exemples de géopolitique élémentaire.        1) Lorsqu’un pays émetteur approvisionne un ou plusieurs pays récepteurs, les...

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Les budgets de défense en France, entre déni et déclin

Martial FOUCAULT

Focus stratégique n°36, avril 2012

Although defense spending is the fourth budget item in France, it is rarely a matter of public debate. During the past three decades, defense has been affected in turn by the desire to rip the benefit of the post-Cold War “peace...

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France's Partner on a Pedestal: A view driven by pragmatism and envy

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER, Claire DEMESMAY,

in Almut Möller and Roderick Parkes (dir.), Germany as Viewed by Other EU Member States, EPIN Paper, n°33, June 2012

This paper brings together contributions from a cross-section of EU member states and the Gallup World Poll survey on the question of how Germany is being viewed at this time of economic and political crisis. Even if the findings suggest...

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Ukraine at the Crossroads: Between the EU DCFTA and Customs Union

Olga Shumylo-Tapiola

Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 11, April 2012

After serious decline in the 1990s, Ukraine’s economy finally started its recovery and systemic reform in early 2000. While the economy rapidly grew by 2008, its transformation remained unfinished. Ukraine has three possible roads to...

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Setting up a public policy in a failed State: the challenges of securing property law in Eastern Congo

Florence LIEGEOIS, Thierry VIRCOULON

Note de l'Ifri, April 2012

En république démocratique du Congo (RDC), 32 années de dictature et près de dix ans de guerre ont laissé un pays exsangue, avec une administration incapable de fournir les services élémentaires...

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Les investissements pétroliers chinois au Tchad. À la recherche d'un "gagnant/gagnant" ?

L'Afrique en questions n°11,

Saad Adoum, Actuelle de l'Ifri, April 2012

Saad Adoum est Senior Analyst au sein du Central Africa Project de International Crisis Group. Les récentes querelles pétrolières, du premier trimestre 2012, entre les autorités tchadiennes et la CNPCIC (China National...

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Gouvernance économique européenne : l'Union à la croisée des chemins

Pervenche BERÈS

Note du Cerfa n°94b, avril 2012

La crise a fait avancer un débat sur la gouvernance économique ou sur le gouvernement économique qui ne décollait pas depuis l’adoption du traité de Maastricht. Toutefois, si des actions ont été...

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Evolution de la situation énergétique allemande

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, April 2012

A la suite de l'accident de Fukushima, l'Allemagne a pris trois décisions majeures pour son industrie électrique : l'arrêt immédiat de huit réacteurs nucléaires, la fermeture accélérée...

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The European space industry, an endangered species?

Christophe VENET

The Europe & Space Series #10, April 2012

The European space industry seems to be in a paradoxical situation: its strategic importance is increasingly recognised, but a European cons­ensus on an integrated industrial policy for space is gaining ground only slowly.

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Gas Routes to Europe: Real Needs and Political Jockeying

Laura PARMIGIANI

Actuelles de l'Ifri, April 2012

The Energy Roadmap 2050 released by the Commission in December 2011 says it all: we will need more gas until 2030. Gas represents the default solution for a transition to an energy system with less GHG emissions. It also has great value as a back up...

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Cruise Missiles and NATO Missile Defense: Under the Radar?

Dennis M. GORMLEY

Proliferation Papers, No. 41, Spring 2012

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the threat of cruise missile proliferation is as equally challenging to NATO as the threat of ballistic missiles. Over the last two decades, the emergence of cruise missiles and UAVs as a threat has...

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Prospects for 6-party talks: Nuclear weapons are a means of survival for Kim Jung Un

Kunihiko MIYAKE

Ifri-CIGS Op-Ed Series, 6 April 2012

Deepening their partnership, Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies (CIGS) are launching a series of op-eds, written both by Ifri and CIGS experts. This new series aims at providing the European and Asian public with original and different...

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Intégration économique : vers la fin de l'exception asiatique ?

Françoise NICOLAS

in S. Boisseau du Rocher (dir.), Asie 2012 – 2013 – Une Asie toujours plus centrale, La Documentation française, Collection Mondes émergents, Paris, 2012

Le processus d’intégration régionale en Asie est donc aujourd’hui à la croisée des chemins, avec des changements à venir dans le mode de fonctionnement de la région et la « division du...

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Greece: How a state in crisis manages its migration crisis

Anna TRYANDAFILLIDOU

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - March 2012

In the past 2 years, Greece has experienced its most severe economic crisis of the post World War II period. While it appeared at first not to have been hit particularly hard by the global economic recession that started in 2008, the effects of the...

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The Democratic Party Under Obama and Beyond

Nicol C. RAE

Potomac Paper 12, March 2012

The Democratic Party relies today on very different segments of the U.S. electorate, making it impossible for a Democratic President to sustain long-term public support. In the context of the current campaign, Prof. Nicol Rae provides an analysis of...

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Consumption in an Uncertain Environment The Paradox of the African Middle Classes

Hélène QUENOT-SUAREZ

Note de l'Ifri, March 2012

Three hundred million people belonging to the middle classes of Africa; three hundred million of potential consumers: an image of this kind is enough to make many an entrepreneur start dreaming. In fact, whereas for many years Afro-pessimism has...

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La présidence polonaise du Conseil de l'Union européenne

Agnieszka LADA

Analyse du CFA n°2, mars 2012

En assumant, pour la première fois, la présidence semestrielle du Conseil de l’Union européenne (UE), en juillet 2011, la Pologne s’est trouvée face à de nombreux défis. Bien...

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A Victorious Anti-insurrection Strategy? The Insurrections of 2010 in the Jonglei State of South Sudan

Marc-André LAGRANGE

Note de l'Ifri, March 2012

  On May 16 2010, a few weeks after its first elections, the government of the semi-autonomous province of South Sudan (GoSS) had to confront two rebellions in the Jonglei Province. South Sudan may appear unified behind the banner of the...

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La France et l'Allemagne face à la crise: doute sur le diagnostic et la méthode

Sylvie GOULARD

Note du Cerfa n°94a, mars 2012

Les dirigeants européens, notamment allemands et français, se sont efforcés de résoudre la crise qui touche l’Europe depuis fin 2009. Des mesures importantes ont été prises par les institutions...

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Comsuption in an unsecure environment: African Middle classes' paradox

Hélène QUENOT-SUAREZ

Note de l'Ifri, March 2012

  « 300 millions de personnes appartenant aux classes moyennes africaines, autant de consommateurs potentiels » : l’image peut faire rêver plus d’un entrepreneur. De fait, alors que l’afro-pessimisme avait...

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L'énergie en 2040 selon Exxon-Mobil

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, March 2012

Dans la forêt des scénarios noirs ou roses qui hantent nos cauchemars ou nos rêves d’avenir, la publication récente du scénario 2040 d’Exxon-Mobil mérite quelque attention. Elle ne porte ni sur...

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The Fukushima Nuclear Accident and a Long-Term Energy Vision for Japan

Tetsuo YUHARA

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°6 - April 2012

Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies are launching a series of policy papers presenting the analyses of senior Japanese researchers on how the triple disasters that hit the archipelago last March have impacted Japan's economic,...

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Rare Earths and the WTO: Tougher case than it looks

John SEAMAN

Ifri-CIGS Op-Ed Series, 28 March 2012

Deepening their partnership, Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies (CIGS) are launching a series of op-eds, written both by Ifri and CIGS experts. This new series aims at providing the European and Asian public with original and different...

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L'AKP et le mouvement kurde : le temps de la confrontation

Julien CECILLON

Repères sur la Turquie n°8, 21 mars 2011

Dix ans après l’arrivée au pouvoir de l’AKP et après quelques timides avancées, les tensions sont réapparues entre le mouvement kurde et le gouvernement, faisant planer le risque d’un retour aux...

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Is J Street a Passing Phenomenon?

Gilbert N. KAHN

Potomac Paper 11, February 2012

Created in the Fall of 2008, the J Street movement seeks to represent those in the U.S. Jewish community who would like Washington to be more active in supporting a lasting peace in the Middle-East.  According to Professor Gilbert Kahn, while J...

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Dancing with the Bear: Managing Escalation in a Conflict with Russia

Forrest E. MORGAN

Proliferation Papers, No. 40, Winter 2012

"Escalation", the tendency of belligerents to increase the force or breadth of their attacks to gain advantage or avoid defeat, is not a new phenomenon. Systematic thought about how to manage it, however, did not crystallize until the Cold War and...

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La sortie du nucléaire en Allemagne: scénarios de politique énergétique

Brigitte KNOPF, Hendrik KONDZIELLA, Michael PAHLE, Mario GÖTZ, Thomas BRUCKNER, Ottmar EDENHOFER

Note du Cerfa n°93, février 2012

Au-delà des enjeux politiques, la sortie du nucléaire décidée en 2011 par le gouvernement fédéral allemand a d’importantes conséquences sur l’économie et la politique...

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Entre ciel et terre. Le débat air-sol et les défis de l'appui-feu

Elie TENENBAUM

Focus stratégique, no. 35, February 2012

Traditionally, maneuver units are designed for mobility and control of the ground, while supporting forces (artillery, aviation) deliver fires to protect the former and ensure their freedom of action. As a result of the introduction of mobile...

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Post-War Sri Lanka: Roads to Reconciliation

Roundtable discussion report, 9 December 2011

The Center for Asian Studies of the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri) organized on 9 December 2011 a round table discussion regarding the future of the ongoing reconciliation process in Sri Lanka, entitled ‘Post-War Sri Lanka:...

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Le Web en Russie : de la virtualité à la réalité politique ?

Julien NOCETTI

Russie.Nei.Reports, N° 10, March 2012

Le contexte international et l’entrée de la Russie dans un cycle électoral placent le Web russe sous tension. D’un côté, la vie politique russe est de plus en plus façonnée par les nouveaux...

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The Economic Opportunities and Constraints of Green Growth - The Case of South Korea

Jae-Seung LEE, Jung-Min YU

Asie.Visions 50, February 2012

The Green Growth Policy in South Korea has symbolized a paradigm shift to cope with climate change, fossil fuel depletion, and global economic recession. The emerging paradigm stands to create new engines for economic growth through green...

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De l'espérance à l'incertitude - L'Europe, l'énergie et le climat. 2008-201

Jacques LESOURNE

Actuelles de l'Ifri, February 2012

En ce début d’année 2012, nombreuses sont les questions qui se posent en ce qui concerne la politique européenne en matière d’énergie et de climat, mais pour les identifier, il faut, au...

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Le Ghana : une démocratie pétrolière en devenir

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2011

Executive Summary« While we think oil will help, we don’t want to pin all our hopes on it. We believe this is the time for Ghana to take off. But we can only do that through fiscal prudence, by encouraging productive investment and by...

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February Gas Pains in Europe - Coping is not managing. The Italian response to the gas crisis

Laura PARMIGIANI

The Energy Editorial, February 2012

The recent cold spell that gripped much of Europe was a test for the European gas network. In many countries temperatures fell dramatically to -10°C during the first week of February, even dropping a bone chilling - 22°C in some places. ...

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February Gas Pains in Europe - Coping is not Managing

Laura PARMIGIANI

The Italian response to the gas crisis

The recent cold spell that gripped much of Europe was a test for the European gas network. In many countries temperatures fell dramatically to -10°C during the first week of February, even dropping a bone chilling - 22°C in some places. As...

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The Recent Blossoming in Relations between China and Madagascar

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, February 2012

The question of the Chinese presence in Madagascar is very accurate. It is an opportunity for us to portray the sino-madagascan relations. We will recall the historicity of the relations existing between China and Madagascar. Then, we will focus on...

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The Expanding Chinese Footprint in Latin America - New Challenges for China, and Dilemmas for the US

Evan ELLIS

Asie.Visions 49, February 2012

The physical presence of China in Latin America is entering a phase of significant expansion, as the logical consequence of the rapid growth over the past decade of its trade, investment, and infrastructure for doing business in the region. The...

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2012, a turning point for Europe in space

Christophe VENET

The Europe & Space Series #9, February 2012

In 2012, several crucial decisions lie ahead, most notably at the ESA Ministerial Council next fall and regarding the status of space within the next MFF of the EU. These will reveal the degree of political will to pursue an ambitious ESP in times...

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Europapolitik: Der SKS-Vertrag polarisiert

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER

DGAP, Dossier Wahlkampf Frankreich 2012

  Europa findet in Frankreich längst keinen großen Anklang mehr. Da europapolitische Themen schon im Rahmen der Europawahlen keinen großen Zuspruch finden, ist davon bei nationalen Wahlen folglich normalerweise noch weniger...

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Helicopter Warfare. The Future of Airmobility and Rotary Wing Combat.

Etienne de DURAND, Benoît MICHEL, Elie TENENBAUM

Focus stratégique no. 32 bis, January 2012

Military helicopters have evolved into technologically sophisticated weapon systems. Originally designed to counter Soviet armor, attack helicopters now have to cope with a wide spectrum of threats, some of them bringing them back to their...

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Migration Policy and Irregular Workers in the United Kingdom

Danièle JOLY, Khursheed WADIA

Center for Migrations and Citizenship - February 2012

While public opinion and European governments usually present migrants as an outside threat for European societies, in this article, Danièle Joly and Khursheed Wadia focus on the local level to analyze the issue of migrants, in particular...

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Decoding Russia's WTO Accession

Dominic FEAN

Russie.Nei.Visions No. 64, February 2012

As Moscow and the WTO Member States have finally established terms on which Russia will accede to the organization, thoughts turn to the impact of this historic event and the potential for it to play a role in the modernization of the...

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Россия и ВТО, брак по любви или по расчёту?

Доминик Фин

Russie.Nei.Visions n° 64, Февраль 2012

В декабре 2011 года Москва и...

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Les élections taiwanaises vues de Chine

Alice EKMAN

Lettre du Centre Asie 61, février 2012

Comment la Chine a-t-elle suivi et perçu la campagne présidentielle taiwanaise, qui a mené à la réélection le 14 janvier dernier du président sortant Ma Ying-jeou? Plus encore que lors du scrutin de...

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La politique européenne de l'Allemagne à l'heure de la crise de l'euro

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER, Hans STARK

Allemagne d'Aujourd'hui, n°199, janvier-mars 2012, p. 87-98.

  This article refers to Berlin's point of view regarding the European Union. First of all, it reminds the difficult context of the current debate on the EU in Germany. Press releases and citizens express their rage against the week Euro...

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La politique africaine de l'Allemagne : quelles convergences avec la France ?

Andreas MEHLER et Christian VON SOEST

Note du Cerfa n°92, janvier 2012

Si la concertation entre la France et l’Allemagne constitue une priorité en matière de politique étrangère, la politique africaine, en revanche, échappe largement à cette règle : dans ce...

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Doors Wide Shut? An Update on FDI Regulations in China

Françoise NICOLAS

Asie Visions 48, January 2012

The fears of a rise in economic nationalism in China have been fuelled by a number of recent moves, such as changes in the law on indigenous innovation or the enactment of a national security review (NSR) regulation for M&As by foreign...

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Chinese ODI in France: Motives, Strategies and Implications

Françoise NICOLAS

China Economic Policy Review, vol. 1, n°1, 2012.

Although outward direct investment (ODI) is still very much a developed country phenomenon (with industrial countries accounting for more than 75% of global flows), ODI from the “South” is gaining ground, with China ranking among the...

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Internet Companies in China: Dancing between the Party Line and the Bottom Line

Min JIANG

Asie Visions 47, January 2012

With over 500 million Internet users and 900 million mobile-phone subscribers by mid 2011, the Chinese Internet is an enormous market that has produced the spectacular rise of many Chinese Internet companies and attracted substantial foreign...

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Le conservatisme texan

Laurence NARDON

Potomac Paper 10, January 2012

Texas is the birthplace of a very particular brand of conservatism, shaped by its early history and economic traits. It promotes individualism and limited governement, rigorous moral values, as well as sheer pragmatism on economic issues. Its impact...

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European space governance: the outlook.

Christophe VENET

Report. in: Space Policy 28 (2012), p. 59-60.

For the third year in a row, the Paris-based French Institute of International Relations (IFRI), and the Secure World Foundation (SWF) joined together to organise their annual space conference. The event took place in Brussels on 13 September 2011,...

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The Architect and Fragile States: Development Assistance's Contribution to Global Security

François GAULME,

Note de l'Ifri, December 2011

  Up to Europe’s threshold in the middle of Sahara and Sahel region, a growing insecurity led beyond mere reconsideration of field practice to a whole change of paradigm for multilateral and bilateral aid institutions. Since the end of...

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L'énergie en Allemagne : trois trajectoires possibles de 2012 à 2022

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, January 2012

Au fur et à mesure que les semaines passent, il devient possible de mieux cerner les principales incertitudes susceptibles d’affecter l’évolution du système énergétique allemand de 2012 à 2022. ...

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Libya: Old or New Picture? Risks of political uncertainty for the gas and oil busines

Laura PARMIGIANI

Actuelles de l'Ifri, January 2012

Libya has an opportunity to get back on track. The end of embargoes and sanctions after the conclusion of the “February Revolution”  is favoring a fast production growth. For the IEA the oil production should recover and reach...

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The European Power System - Decarbonization and Cost Reduction: Lost in Transmissions

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

Note de l'Ifri, January 2012

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Europe’s energy policy is commonly defined by three axes of equal importance: security of supplies, competitiveness and sustainable development. The European Commission is mandated to develop the policy tools that allow the...

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Einwanderungspolitik: Innenpolitische und globale Herausforderungen

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

DGAP, Dossier Wahlkampf Frankreich 2012

  Spätestens seit dem Zeitungsinterview von Nicolas Sarkozy in der konservativen Zeitung „Le Figaro“ und seiner Rede über die Werte der französischen Republik vom 19. Februar in Marseille zeichnet sich...

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Université fédérale de l'Oural, une future "Harvard régionale"?

Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN, Tatiana MECHKOVA

Russie.Nei.Reports, n°9, janvier 2012

Cette monographie s'inscrit dans le cadre du projet de recherche « Zoom sur les universités russes », qui analyse une série d'établissements d'enseignement supérieur russe (EES). Elle est consacrée...

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The U.S. Oil and Gas Boom

John BRODMAN

Actuelles de l'Ifri, January 2012

 A  funny thing happened in the last few years when no one was paying attention. J.R. Ewing, the legendary Texas oilman, and his wife Sue Ellen sold Southfork, their ranch near Dallas, and moved to a new home in Pennsylvania (Northfork?)....

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From 'Looking' to Engaging - India and East Asia

G.V.C. NAIDU

Asie.Visions 46, December 2011

The Look East policy (LEP), launched in the early 1990s, was intended to engage India more closely with the East Asian region, but it met with only limited success initially, for India was not seen to be a major contributor either to regional...

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Digital Hoplites. Infantry Combat in the Information Age

Pierre CHAREYRON

Focus stratégique no. 30 bis, December 2011

FELIN, the world's first "integrated soldier system", will enter service in the French Army this year. Throughout history, infantrymen have sought to capitalize on technology while seeking the best compromise between three basic requirements:...

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One Year Before the Election: Countdown to a Second Term?

Report of the 10th Annual Conference on the United States, December 2011

Ifri's December conferences have become a staple event for Europeans eager to understand the evolutions underway in the United States. For our tenth edition, we discussed the main specificities of the U.S. judiciary system and their impact on...

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La présidence du Conseil européen: entre rupture et continuité

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER

in Véronique Charléty et Michel Mangenot (dir.), "Le système présidentiel de l'Union européenne après Lisbonne", Strasbourg, ENA et Université de Strasbourg, 2011, p. 125-136.

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The Rotating Presidency under the Lisbon Treaty: From Political Leader to Middle Manager?

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER, Simone BUNSE, Steven VAN HECKE,

in Peter Bursens et Steven Van Hecke (dir.), "Readjusting the Council Presidency. Belgian Leadership in the EU", Academic and Scientific Publishers, 2011

The introduction of the Lisbon Treaty entailed the most fundamental changes to the rotating presidency to date. This contribution analyses the institutional framework under which the 2010 Belgian Presidency of the Council of Ministers operated. It...

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The Institutionalization of the European Council Presidency : Institutional Dependence and Franco-German Inflections

Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER

Politique européenne, n°35, 2011, p. 55-82

Following its pragmatic emergence in the EU political landscape, the Presidency of the European Council was the most visible part of the rotating Presidency until the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. An in-depth analysis of this function shows...

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What future for the French military presence in Ivory Coast?

L'Afrique en questions n°10

Tobias Koepf, Actuelle de l'Ifri, December 2011

Tobias Koepf est chercheur invité au sein du programme Afrique subsaharienne dans le cadre du programme TAPIR (Transatlantic Post-Doc Fellowship for International Relations and Security). Fin janvier 2012, le président ivoirien...

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Le Ghana : une démocratie pétrolière en devenir

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, December 2011

Executive Summary « While we think oil will help, we don’t want to pin all our hopes on it. We believe this is the time for Ghana to take off. But we can only do that through fiscal prudence, by encouraging productive investment and by...

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L'interaction civilo-militaire dans la politique de sécurité allemande : le cas de l'Afghanistan

Hans-Georg EHRHART

Note du Cerfa n°91, décembre 2011

L'interaction civilo-militaire fait partie de l'approche de « sécurité interconnectée » que l'Allemagne emploie en Afghanistan. Cette contribution analyse la signification conceptuelle de cette interaction, explique...

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Legislative and presidential elections in DRC: stakes and outcomes

L'Afrique en questions n°9,

John Smith*, Actuelle de l'Ifri, December 2011

Le 28 novembre 2011, la Commission Électorale Nationale Indépendante (CENI) organisait les élections législatives et présidentielles en République démocratique. Quelques 18 000 candidats se...

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Key trends in the European Earth observation sector

Christophe VENET

The Europe & Space Series #8, December 2011

An ambitious EO policy could bring significant benefits to Europe both regarding the fight against climate change and the competitiveness of its EO industry and service sectors.

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France: The Evolution of a Nuclear Exception

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Chapter published in Harsh PANT (ed.), Handbook of Nuclear Proliferation, Abingdon, Routledge, 2012, pp. 116-131.

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Is Turkey an Economic Exception?

Conference report

Ifri roundtable, December 6th, 2011

Speakers : François FAURE, head of country-risk division at BNP-Paribas   Esen ÇAĞLAR, economist at the Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (Türkiye Ekonomi Politikaları Araştırma Vakfı -...

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Etablir l'état de droit au Kosovo. Succès et échecs des Nations unies.

Jean-Christian CADY

Focus stratégique no. 34, November 2011

Created on the 10th July 1999 by Security Council Resolution 1244, UNMIK was responsible for restructuring the institutions of a country devastated by war and establishing democratic governance. The security of people and goods and the existence of...

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The EU and the crisis: Do we need more integration?

Vivien PERTUSOT, Jacques MISTRAL, Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES, Françoise NICOLAS, Yann-Sven RITTELMEYER, Hans STARK, Nele Katharina WISSMANN

Note de l'Ifri, december 2011

The European Union is facing a tremendous challenge: coming out of the crisis unified. Every summit is both labeled the one of all hopes and the one of the last chance. Information keeps coming in, which hampers a good comprehension of the...

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Блогеры и государство, цифровой дуализм в России

Алексей Сидоренко

Russie.Nei.Visions n° 63, декабрь 2011

В статье анализируется влияние...

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Russian Digital Dualism: Changing Society, Manipulative State

Alexey SIDORENKO

Russie.Nei.Visions No. 63, December 2011

The article studies the effect of the Internet on Russian society in the 2000s, as well as the complex relations between the Internet, groups of digital activists and the manipulative state. The Internet creates new spaces for politicians and...

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Innovation Policy Challenges for Japan: An open and global strategy

Kazuyuki MOTOHASHI

Asie Visions 45, November 2011

Productivity is increasingly important in the Japanese economy as an aging and shrinking population is expected to constrain labor input. Thus, the creation of innovation is critical for realizing economic growth and maintaining Japan's...

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The use of space for civil protection in Europe

Christophe VENET, Laurence NARDON

The Europe & Space Series #7, November 2011

Europe is increasingly considering space as a useful tool to support Civil Protection (CP). Through a demand-driven approach, it intends to create new services tailored to the needs of the CP community.

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Wrong Road to Harvard

Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN

Research Europe, 24 November 2011

Russia dreams of its own Harvard; or several, given the country’s size. But despite making all the right moves, Russia is unlikely to achieve its higher education goals.

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Inondations et politique en Thaïlande

Charuwan LOWIRA-LULIN

Lettre du Centre Asie 60, novembre 2011

Quatre mois après la victoire du parti Phuea Thai (« Pour la Thaïlande ») aux élections législatives, amenant au poste de premier ministre Yingluck Shinawatra, la sœur de Thaksin, ancien premier ministre...

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La culture stratégique de la politique étrangère allemande

Henning RIECKE

Note du Cerfa n°90, novembre 2011

  Affichant sa volonté d’assumer ses responsabilités dans les interventions internationales, mais s’abstenant lors du vote de la réso-lution du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies sur la Libye,...

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L'Europe de l'énergie: des politiques à contre-couran

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, November 2011

Les politiques de l’énergie de l’Union Européenne et des Etats-membres n’ont pas pour but d’obtenir des prix de vertu.Elle n’ont comme finalités que :1)    Assurer aux...

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En matière d'énergie, l'idéologie est mauvaise conseillère

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

Actuelle de l'Ifri, 21 novembre 2011

Texte paru sur LeMonde.fr le 21 novembre 2011 S'il est légitime de s'interroger sur la part future de l'énergie nucléaire dans la production de l'électricité française, qu'implique l'horizon de temps...

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Evolution des prix de l'électricité aux clients domestiques en Europe occidentale

Michel CRUCIANI

Note de l'Ifri, November 2011

  La présente étude a exploité les bases de données contenant les informations les plus précises, les plus constantes dans le temps et les plus homogènes entre États, celles de la Commission...

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Gas Exports in Turkmenistan

Luca VASANCZKI

Note de l'Ifri, November 2011

Executive Summary The Caspian region has been at the center of attention since Europe began seeking alternative routes to natural-gas resources. Turkmenistan has the potential to become an important gas exporter to Europe. As a landlocked country,...

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La France face à la sortie allemande du nucléaire

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, November 2011

Au fur et à mesure que les semaines passent, la situation créée pour la France par la sortie allemande du nucléaire se clarifie. Nous devons d’ores et déjà être conscients de trois...

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Russian Gas - Reminder of Yesterday Presaging Tomorrow?

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, November 2011

One can’t help but be struck by the irony earlier this week of Russian President (ad-interim) Medvedev celebrating the landing of gas in Lubmin Germany from the Nordstream gas pipeline from Russia while Former President and...

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" The "Unquiet Allies". French-American Intelligence Relations during the First Indochina War "

Elie TENENBAUM

Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2011, pp. 25-37.

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Apprendre ou disparaître? Le retour d'expérience dans les armées occidentales

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Focus stratégique no. 33, October 2011

Whether in times of war or in times of peace, uncertainty is an inherent characteristic of conflicts. It is in this unpredictable environment that armies operate, and so they must constantly adapt in order to remain effective political instruments....

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Economic Dimension of Space

Christophe VENET

in: Brünner, Christian/Soucek, Alexander (eds.): Outer Space in Society, Politics and Law. Vienna: SpringerWienNewYork (2011).

Space activities can be justified by a broad array of reasons, ranging from trans-utilitarian components (such as curiosity, discovery, knowledge, fascination, inspiration) to more utilitarian aspects (markets, jobs, communications, mobility,...

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Political Dimension of Space

Christophe VENET

in: Brünner, Christian/Soucek, Alexander (eds.) Outer Space in Society, Politics and Law. Vienna: SpringerWienNewYork (2011).

Due to the wide number of space applications solving earthly problems in a broad range of issue-areas, space activities have a clear political dimension. In this article, the origins and causes of this increasing political relevance of space after...

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Migrations and Revolutions

Emanuela Paoletti

Reflections on the Recent Events in North Africa from an International Relations Perspective - October 2011

The promise of democracy enshrined in the "Arab Spring" has been accompanied by significant developments in migration flows across North Africa and to Europe. With political turmoil sweeping across North Africa and the Middle East, hundreds of...

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The Great East Japan Earthquake and Sino-Japanese Reconciliation

Yoshiki MINE

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°5, October 2011

Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies are launching a series of policy papers presenting the analyses of senior Japanese researchers on how the triple disasters that hit the archipelago last March have impacted Japan's economic,...

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Vers un nouveau saut générationnel des forces aériennes chinoises ?

Yves-Heng LIM

Lettre du Centre Asie 59, October 2011

Alors que la dernière série des F-22 avant abandon de la production sortaient des usines Lockheed et Boeing, Hu Jintao confirmait, en janvier 2011, les premiers tests du nouveau chasseur furtif, le J-XX, par les forces aériennes...

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Lecture: Das Amt und die Vergangenheit: Deutsche Diplomaten im Dritten Reich

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

dans: Politique étrangère Automne, 2011/3

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Kosovo - une indépendance supervisée

Odile PERROT

Analyse du CFA n°1

Le Kosovo est considéré comme un « État indépendant sous supervision internationale ». La communauté internationale y joue un rôle inédit, celui de superviser et d’accompagner...

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European Space Governance: the Outlook.

A conference organized by Ifri and the Secure World Foundation, Brussels, 13 September 2011

The Ifri/SWF conference of 13 September 2011 provided an overview of the evolution of European space governance. It was convened almost two years after the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty and five months after the release of the European Commission...

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Brésil - Maghreb : Globalité nécessaire et enjeux économiques stratégiques

Elodie BRUN

Le Maghreb face aux nouveaux défis mondiaux, octobre 2011

Les relations qu’entretient le Brésil avec les pays du Maghreb peuvent paraître paradoxales. D’un côté, l’Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie ne semblent pas représenter des priorités de...

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La Turquie après la guerre froide. Cavalier seul

Dorothée SCHMID

Grande Europe n°37, octobre 2011

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Le budget européen à l'heure de la crise- Positions allemandes relatives au CFP 2014-2020

Robert KAISER

Note du Cerfa n°89, octobre 2011

Survenue dans le contexte de la crise économique et financière, la proposition de cadre financier pluriannuel 2014-2020 présentée par la Commission européenne en juin 2011 a provoqué des réactions...

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In Defense of Deterrence: the Relevance, Morality and Cost-Effectiveness of Nuclear Weapons

Bruno TERTRAIS

Proliferation Papers, no.39, Fall 2011

Since 1945, nuclear deterrence has frequently been the target of continuous criticism on strategic, legal and moral grounds. In the past five years, however, the renewed debate on nuclear disarmament has been accompanied by an increase in such...

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Japon / Inde : Vers une coopération nucléaire?

Céline PAJON

Asie.Visions 44, October 2011

Les relations entre l'Inde et le Japon se sont fortement développées depuis une dizaine d'années. Si Tokyo et Delhi ne connaissent pas de différends particuliers, leur rapprochement n'est pas exempt de défis,...

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U.S.-Moroccan Relations How Special ?

Carol MIGDALOVITZ

Maghreb Facing New Global Challenges, October 2011

U.S.-Moroccan ties have sometimes been described as a "special relationship." This paper explores the bilateral relationship to investigate how special it really is. How did the two countries first establish what became a longlasting association and...

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Gazprom and the EU: Raiding the Gas Companies

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, September 2011

It was a matter of time before the Commission competition authorities looked into the business arrangements between Gazprom and its European partners.  Some would ask why it took so long.  For years Gazprom has used its capital budgets to...

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"Transnistrian Conflict after 20 Years"

Dominic FEAN, Witold Rodkiewicz (chief editor, project leader)

A Report by an International Expert Group

The result of an initiative put forward in 2010 by the Soros Foundation Moldova (East East: Partnership Beyond Borders Program) with the aim of attracting new foreign expertise to provide a fresh look at the ‘frozen conflict’ in the...

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Toward the end of force projection? II. Operational responses and political perspectives

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Focus stratégique, no. 21 bis, September 2011

For more than a decade, US defense circles have been concerned about the emergence of capabilities and strategies, which, as they spread, risk imperiling the United States’ position in the world by their ability to disrupt or prevent force...

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European Task Force On Irregular Migrations

Five Country Reports - September 2011

FOREWORD Ayesha Saran, Programme Manager - Migration and Europe at the Barrow Cadbury Trust, partner of the ETFIM Project: Since its establishment in 1920, the Barrow Cadbury Trust has been committed to supporting the most vulnerable and...

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Commission communication of the EU Energy External Policy: Was there an alternative?

Laura PARMIGIANI

The Energy Editorial, September 2011

EU is the world’s largest net energy importer and consumer, so why do its Members continue to negotiate individually with the rest of the world rather than as one big market with a big voice? This is the most obvious question being posed by...

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Japan: How Should Funds Be Raised for Rebuilding After the Disaster?

Megumi KASHIWAGI

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°4, September 2011

Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies are launching a series of policy papers presenting the analyses of senior Japanese researchers on how the triple disasters that hit the archipelago last March have impacted Japan's economic,...

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Italy, Russia's Voice in Europe ?

Nadezhda ARBATOVA

Russie.Nei.Visions No. 62, September 2011

Italy is one of Russia's most important partners in Europe. They have established extensive cooperation in practically all areas: economic cooperation is at a very high level, and on most issues of world politics Russia and Italy's positions are...

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Италия, голос России в Европе ?

Надежда АРБАТОВА

Russie.Nei.Visions n° 62, Сентябрь 2011

Италия является одним из наиболее...

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U.S. Demographics: the Hispanic Boom

Navtej S. DHALIWAL

Potomac Paper 9, September 2011

As confirmed by the 2010 Census, Hispanics have become the largest and most dynamic ethnic minority in the United States. While still facing many difficulties, this rather diverse group is undergoing important changes in terms of political...

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Trans Caspian Gas - A Worthy Teething Ring for Europe's Energy Diplomats

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, September 2011

As an early task in its efforts to build a common external energy policy, the Commission has announced it will turn its attention to bringing the vast gas resources of Turkmenistan to European consumers.  This will be an excellent place for the...

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Intelligence and Nuclear Proliferation: Lessons Learned

Keith A. HANSEN

Proliferation Papers, no. 38, Summer 2011

Intelligence agencies play a fundamental role in the prevention of nuclear proliferation, as they help to understand other countries' intentions and assess their technical capabilities and the nature of their nuclear activities. The challenges in...

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De l'embarras à l'opportunité : l'UE face au vote sur la Palestine à l'ONU

Vivien PERTUSOT

Actuelles de l'Ifri, 20 september 2011

Lors de la session de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, le Président du Conseil européen Herman Van Rompuy prendra la parole à la tribune au nom de l’Union Européenne. Une...

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Activists without borders? The trips to Israel and the Palestinian territories organized by activists from France

Marc HECKER

in Stéphanie Latte Abdallah and Cédric Parizot (eds), A l'ombre du Mur. Israéliens et Palestiniens entre séparation et occupation, Actes Sud, 2011

Pro-Palestinian and pro-Israeli groups based in France regularly organize trips to the Middle East. These trips can take different forms which reflect the diversity among pro-Israeli and pro-Palestinian groups. For instance, they can be organized...

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Etats-Unis, des institutions enlisées

Laurence NARDON

Ramsès 2012: Les Etats submergés?

Many voices denounce the institutional gridlock that has gripped Washington. Indeed, filibustering in the U.S. Senate is not the only issue. Hopes of a reform are limited however.  

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Quand le vent du " printemps arabe " souffle sur le Golfe Persique

Mohammad-Reza DJALILI et Thierry KELLNER

Note de l'Ifri, Septembre 2011

À l'exception notable des cas de Bahreïn et du Yémen, les zones du golfe Persique et de la péninsule Arabique ont été relativement épargnées par la vague de protestation qui a balayé le...

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Zionism: how militant oppositions lead to multiple interpretations

Marc HECKER

Mots. Les langages du politique (ENS Editions), nr 96, Summer 2011.

Language has sparked many tensions in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, even more so than in any other war. The term “Zionism” has come to create oppositions between pro-Israeli and pro-Palestinian activists. While pro-Israelis have a...

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L' "anti-environnementalisme", nouveau thème des conservateurs américains

Yves-Marie PEREON

Potomac Paper 8, September 2011

Opposing environment protection policies has become a posture de rigueur for U.S. radical conservatives. This theme finds itself at the crossroads of several currents of American conservatism: a distrust of scientific elites, trust in the Manifest...

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U.S. Foreign Policy and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A View from Palestine

Sara ROY

Août 2011

How will the US respond to the changing Palestinian and Arab paradigm? Will it try to reduce the deepening gap between American policy as it has historically been defined and new Palestinian and Arab aspirations? Will the US be willing to work with...

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La politique américaine vis à vis de la révolution tunisienne

Amine AIT CHAALAL

Juillet 2011

Une nouvelle page de l'histoire des pays arabes est en train de s'écrire sous nos yeux. Le point de départ en a été le geste désespéré du jeune Mohamed Bouazizi le 17 décembre 2010 à...

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East Asian Regional Economic Integration: A Post-Crisis Update

Françoise NICOLAS

Asie.Visions 43, September 2011

To the surprise of many analysts, the outbreak of the global financial crisis (GFC) in 2008 did not leave East Asian economies unscathed. The objective of the paper is to examine the implications of the GFC for the regional economic integration...

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Allemagne: Marathon électoral sur fond des traumatismes internationaux

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

dans: Ramses 2012, pp.130-133.

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Dreams and Nightmares - Australia's Past, Present and Future in Asia

Tom CONLEY

Asie.Visions 42, August 2011

This paper argues that Australian governments of both political stripes have responded pragmatically and effectively to the rise of China, the relative decline of the United States and the increased assertiveness of the Association of Southeast ...

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Special Farming Zones and Land-Use Planning for Reviving the Agricultural Industry

Kazuhito YAMASHITA

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°3, August 2011

Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies are launching a series of policy papers presenting the analyses of senior Japanese researchers on how the triple disasters that hit the archipelago last March have impacted Japan's economic,...

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The impact of the European Space Policy on space commerce

Christophe VENET, Kai-Uwe SCHROGL

in: Smith, Lesley Jane /Baumann, Ingo (Eds.): Contracting for space. Contract practice in the European space sector. Farnham: Ashgate (2011).

The article provides an overview of the impact the policy framework for space activities has on commercial activities in Europe. It shows that the development of a space policy framework on the European level has, from the beginning, aimed at...

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Space in the financial and economic crisis

Christophe VENET

in: Schrogl, Kai-Uwe/Pagkratis, Spyros/Baranes, Blandina (Eds.): Yearbook on Space Policy 2009/2010: Space for society. Vienna: SpringerWienNewYork (2011).

The purpose of this article is to analyse the impact of the financial and economic crisis on the space sector from a political point of view. Its focus is on the institutional space sector rather than on commercial space activities. In addition,...

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Involving ʺneo-urbansʺ in the political game The example of Senegal

Alain ANTIL

Note de l'Ifri, August 2011

  A paper brought out last year treating the “Hunger Riots had made it possible, among other things, to point out the extreme difficulties encountered by the authorities in power when trying to control urban populations. Current...

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Les aléas d'une politique non annoncée et ses acteurs

Louis BALTHAZAR : intervention à la conférence

Actuelles de l'Ifri, 30 août 2011

Intervention à la conférence « Les États-Unis et le monde arabe » du 23 mai 2011 organisée par le programme Maghreb/Moyen-Orient de l'Ifri. L'exceptionnalisme américain constitue une entrave...

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Space Weather and NEOs in the European Space Policy

Christophe VENET, Laurence NARDON

The Europe & Space Series #6, August 2011

Although often overshadowed by a focus on security concerns, Space weather and NEOs are important elements of Europe’s SSA program.

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Le "regime change", de George Bush à Barack Obama

Alexandra DE HOOP SCHEFFER

Actuelles de l'Ifri, August 10, 2011

En 2009, le président Barack Obama hérite d'un monde arabe figé et il se contentera jusqu'au début des révoltes arabes du statu quo, malgré son discours du Caire de juin 2009 qui visait à briser...

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Le changement du paysage géopolitique de l'énergie

Jacques LESOURNE

Actuelles de l'Ifri, August 2011

Au cours de l'année 2011, le paysage mondial de l'énergie a évolué, soit à la suite d'événements survenus au cours de l'année, soit par la pise de conscience des effets...

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Energy Efficiency versus the EU ETS: Counterproductive Tribalism in the Commission

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

The Energy Editorial, July 2011

On 22 June 2011, a proposal for increased Energy Efficiency was presented by the European Commission. The energy efficiency directive was intensely negotiated and faced strong internal opposition from a number of players. DG Climate officials have...

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IEA Crisis Management - Evolving with the Risks

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, July 2011

Last week the IEA chose not to renew its June strategic stock release.  It was the right decision.  The volumes of strategic crude and product taken up by the market will be reaching refineries now and incremental volumes produced in the...

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A Look at the IEA 2011 Release of Strategic Oil Reserves

Devin GLICK

Actuelles de l'Ifri, July 2011

On June 23, 2011, the International Energy Agency (IEA) coordinated the release of 60 million barrels of emergency stocks in response to the disruption of oil production in Libya due to civil unrest. This announcement eleicted a mexied reaction from...

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Kanal Istanbul: Pipedream or Politics ?

Christian KELLER

Actuelles de l'Ifri, July 2011

Istanbul has a history of grandeur. From the Byzantines to the Ottomans, the city of Istanbul has been designed as, in the words used by Emperor Napoleon, the capital of the world. There was a sense of grandeur, too, when Prime Minister Recep Tayyip...

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L'Allemagne face au printemps arabe

Almut MÖLLER

Note du Cerfa, n°88, juillet 2011

Le printemps arabe a imposé une réorientation de la politique étrangère allemande en Afrique du Nord, où l’Allemagne a renforcé son engagement en multipliant les initiatives. Pour Berlin,...

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A Tragic Tale of Corn and Congress

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, July 2011

Ever since Iowa landed the privilege of holding the first Presidential primary, no candidate has the political courage to confront the $11 billion subsidy price tag of US corn ethanol.  Everyone agrees we need to dilute our supply and price...

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Restoring Health Care and Welfare Services after the Great East Japan Earthquake

Yukihiro MATSUYAMA

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°2, July 2011

Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies are launching a series of policy papers presenting the analyses of senior Japanese researchers on how the triple disasters that hit the archipelago last March have impacted Japan's economic,...

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A victourious counter-insurgency strategy? 2010 insurgencies in the province of Jonglei, South-Sudan

Marc-André LAGRANGE

Note de l'ifri, juillet 2011

    Le 16 mai 2010, quelques semaines à peine après ses premières élections, le gouvernement de la province semi-autonome du Sud-Soudan (GoSS) dut faire face à deux rébellions dans la province du...

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U.S-ALGERIAN SECURITY COOPERATION AND REGIONAL COUNTERTERRORISM

Alexis Arieff

Maghreb Facing New Global Challenges,juillet 2011

This paper explores the recent evolution of security cooperation between the United States and Algeria, which have forged a strong partnership on counterterrorism despite lingering mutual distrust. The United States has strengthened its defense...

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Retour du Caire. Premier bilan d'une révolution inachevée

Denis BAUCHARD

Actuelle de l'Ifri, July 15, 2011

Lorsque l'on déambule aujourd'hui sur la place Al-Tahrir cinq mois après le début des événements révolutionnaires, on se demande comment cette place disgracieuse a pu être le site mythique de la...

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Egypte. La révolution aux pieds d'argile ?

Vivien PERTUSOT

in RAMSES 2012, september 2011

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Bruxelles ou l'Europe ? Le multilatéralisme à l'épreuve

Vivien PERTUSOT

in RAMSES 2012, september 2011

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Toward Higher Household Consumption? An Up-to-Date Analysis of China's Economic Transition

Alice EKMAN

Asie.Visions 41, July 2011

For more than two decades, China's economy has been growing at an average rate of close to 10 percent. As a result of this stellar performance, China ascended to the rank of the world's second largest economy in 2010, surpassing Japan.Despite these...

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Toward the End of Force Projection? I. The Anti-Access Threat

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Focus stratégique, no. 20 bis, July 2011

Force projection has become a general posture and a fundamental dimension of the influence Western powers intend to exert over the world by means of their armed forces. However, for the last fifteen years, Western states' adoption of expeditionary...

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Incertitudes sur la PSDC - Une nécessaire réflexion franco-allemande

Andreas MARCHETTI, Louis-Marie CLOUET

Visions franco-allemandes, n°19, juillet 2011

Une année après la présentation d'un « Agenda franco-allemand 2020 »  en février 2010, Paris et Berlin peinent toujours à agir de concert en matière de défense, comme le...

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Unconventional Gas: A Game Changer for Transport Too?

Maïté de BONCOURT

Notes de l'Ifri, July 2011

  A new technology trend, the development of natural gas vehicles, is emerging in the transport sector. While not new this technology is now being simultaneously revived by the discovery of significant amounts of unconventional gas, by the...

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The Evolving Role of Southeast Asia in Global FDI Flows

Stephen THOMSEN, Misuzu OTSUKA and Boram LEE

Asie.Visions 40, July 2011

This paper traces the evolution of FDI in ASEAN and discusses future prospects for the region as a host - and increasingly home - to FDI. Southeast Asia has long been a focal point for FDI by OECD-based firms. In the 1990s Southeast Asia was...

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What the North Caucasus Means to Russia

Aleksey MALASHENKO

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 61, July 2011

The crisis in the North Caucasus has had a negative impact across all of Russia. Its immediate consequences include instability in the country's southern regions, interethnic tensions and terrorist attacks that regularly occur not only in the...

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Особенности и эволюция терроризма на Северном Кавказе

Павел БАЕВ

Russie.Nei.Visions, n° 60, Июль 2011

Начиная с лета 2009 года в восточной части...

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The use of space for maritime security in Europe

Christophe VENET, Laurence NARDON

The Europe & Space Series #5, June 2011

The EU is currently developing a Maritime Security Strategy. Space should be integrated in that effort, given its potential for maritime surveillance.

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The Caucasus: a Hotbed of Terrorism in Metamorphosis

Pavel BAEV

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 60, July 2011

Since summer 2009, instability in the eastern part of the North Caucasus has escalated, a security threat against which the Russian leadership cannot find a strategy. Despite a maximum-intensity counterinsurgency campaign, the rebels have been able...

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Что значит Северный Кавказ для России ?

Алексей МАЛАШЕНКО

Russie.Nei.Visions, n° 61, Июль 2011

Кризис на Северном Кавказе оказывает...

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Elections en Thaïlande : le raz de marée de l'opposition

Charuwan LOWIRA-LULIN

Lettre du Centre Asie 58, July 2011

Le parti d'opposition Phuea Thai (Pour la Thaïlande), mené par Yingluck, la sœur cadette de l'ancien premier ministre Thaksin Shinawatra, vient de remporter les élections législatives du 3 juillet 2011, en obtenant la...

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The 2012 Election: Who will be the GOP Candidate?

Laurence NARDON

Chroniques Américaines, July 2011 (in French)

Coupant l'herbe sous le pied à d'éventuels challengers venus de la gauche de son parti, le président Obama s'est déclaré candidat à l'investiture démocrate début avril. En revanche, le paysage...

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La Californie en 2011: entre Dynamisme et Entraves

Gabrielle DURANA

Potomac Paper 7, June 2011

California enjoys a strong economy, backed by a strong immigration. Traditionally, this strength was reinforced by consistent investments from Sacramento, allowing for infrastructure development and education policies. In past decades, however, the...

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La réorganisation de la Bundeswehr - La quadrature du cercle

Franz-Josef MEIERS

Note du Cerfa, n°87, juin 2011

    La Bundeswehr doit subir la transformation la plus importante de son histoire, pour renforcer de manière durable « [son] efficience, [son] efficacité et [sa] capacité d'intervention ». Les principaux...

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La guerre des hélicoptères: L'avenir de l'aéromobilité et de l'aérocombat

Etienne de DURAND, Benoît MICHEL, Elie TENENBAUM

Focus stratégique No. 32, June 2011

Military helicopters have evolved into technologically sophisticated weapon systems. Originally designed to counter Soviet armor, attack helicopters now have to cope with a wide spectrum of threats, some of them bringing choppers back to their...

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Transports: le gaz non conventionnel donnera t-il un coup de frein à l'électrique ?

Maïté de BONCOURT

The Energy Editorial, June 2011

La peur de la fin du pétrole, la nécessité de réduire les émissions de CO2 pour combattre le changement climatique et le problème de l’urbanisation rampante associée aux émissions de...

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Thaïlande : le tourment démocratique

Charuwan LOWIRA-LULIN

Asie.Visions 39, June 2011

La Thaïlande a connu des troubles politiques importants au printemps de l'année 2010. Un tel déchaînement de violences s'explique par le délitement du système politique au cours des dernières...

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NATO Partnerships: Shaking Hands or Shaking the System?

Vivien PERTUSOT

Focus stratégique, No 31, May 2011

The new Strategic Concept takes stock of the past ten years but outlines only modest objectives for the future of NATO. Partnership falls under the third core task, cooperative security. A subsequent partnership policy was unveiled, but has provided...

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Economic Policies Following the Great East Japan Earthquake

Keiichiro KOBAYASHI

Canon-Ifri Paper Series n°1, June 2011

Ifri and the Canon Institute for Global Studies are launching a series of policy papers presenting the analyses of senior Japanese researchers on how the triple disasters that hit the archipelago last March have impacted Japan's economic,...

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L'Europe, l'énergie et le chaos

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, June 2011

La politique européenne de l’énergie dont les Etats et les autorités européennes étaient si fières est en train de tomber dans le chaos. La décision allemande de sortie rapide du...

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The EU internal market - a stake or a tool in European-Russian gas relations. The case of new member states gas policy

Agata LOSKOT-STRACHOTA

Actuelles de l'ifri, June 2011

Since 2010 we have observed a new quality in EU energy policy. It is related to the European Commission’s more or less direct engagement in the bilateral gas relations of a part of the new member states – Poland, Bulgaria and Lithuania...

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Le missile de croisière naval: un moyen pour quelle stratégie ?

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Paru dans Centre d'Etudes Supérieures de la Marine, Le missile de croisière naval: quelles ruptures ?, pp. 43-50.

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Russia's Nuclear Forces: Between Disarmament and Modernization

Pavel PODVIG

Proliferation Papers, no. 37, Spring 2011

Nuclear weapons have traditionally occupied an important place in Russia’s national security strategy. As Russia and the United States have been reducing their nuclear arsenals since the end of the Cold War, their relationship has undergone a...

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L'université Goubkine : réservoir de cadres pour le secteur pétrolier et gazier

Tatiana KASTOUEVA-JEAN

Russie.Nei.Reports, n° 8, juin 2011

Cette monographie s'inscrit dans le cadre du projet de recherche « Zoom sur les universités russes » qui vise à analyser une série d'établissements d'enseignement supérieur russe (EES). Elle est...

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OPEC: It is about more oil - not quotas

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, June 2011

OPEC has certainly gone out of its way to show how little relevance it has in today’s oil market.  It has successfully imported all the political rhetoric and malaise of some of its most unstable members.  To be dictated by the...

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La coopération Europe/Maghreb face aux mutations géostratégiques mondiales

Abderrahmane Mebtoul

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international", avril 2011

Pièce maîtresse dans la région euroméditerranéenne, le Maghreb est sollicité par l'Union européenne, et plus récemment par les Etats-Unis, dans le cadre d'une compétition entre ces deux...

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Le "modèle chinois": une chimère

Gilbert ETIENNE

Lettre du Centre Asie 57, June 2011

En 2004, Joshua Cooper Ramo lance le "Beijing Consensus"[1], antidote au "Washington Consensus" des années 1990 qui prônait démocratie et  néolibéralisme. Suivez l'exemple chinois (un régime autoritaire...

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Les partis politiques turcs à la veille des législatives de juin 2011

Julien CECILLON

Repères sur la Turquie n°7, 6 juin 2011

Retour sur la scène partisane en Turquie à la veille des élections législatives: cadre d'existence, financement, sociologie et programmes dans la campagne de 2011.

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Les relations économiques du Maghreb avec la Chine et l'Inde

Françoise NICOLAS

Afkar/idées, n° 29, mars 2011.

La montée en puissance de la Chine et de l’Inde domine les débats économiques depuis quelques années déjà. Poursuivant une stratégie d’internationalisation résolue, les entreprises...

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La crise du parti libéral allemand

Oskar NIEDERMAYER

Note du Cerfa, n°86, juin 2011

  Dès la fondation de la République fédérale d’Allemagne, et durant trois décennies, le FDP a exercé la fonction de parti charnière indispensable à la formation de...

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What's in a name? Market-based Instruments for Biodiversity

Emma BROUGHTON, Romain PIRARD

Health and Environment Reports, n° 8, May 2011

The use of Market-based Instruments (MBIs) for the management of biodiversity and ecosystem services – carbon trading schemes, payment for ecosystem services, mitigation banking, etc. – is currently booming. But the definition...

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Protecting Nuclear Installations: The difference between industrial safety and national security

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, May 2011

There is a gritty public debate going on in Europe about what threats should be considered in conducting stress tests on existing nuclear power plants or in establishing safety criteria for new build nuclear power.  The catastrophe of Fukushima...

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Economic Constraint and Ukraine's Security Policy

Dominic FEAN

Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 7, May 2011

Since winning the 2010 presidential elections in Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych has worked hard to repair Kyiv's relationship with Moscow. Early in his tenure, Yanukovych signed a package of treaties which appeared to exchange a reduction in the price...

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Un "modèle" turc pour les révoltes arabes ?

Dorothée SCHMID, Marc SEMO

Politique internationale n°131, printemps 2011, p. 131-147.

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No Longer the ‘Reactive State': Japan's Pro-Active Free Trade Posture

Aurelia George MULGAN

Asie.Visions 38, May 2011

In late 2010, the Kan government proclaimed a very ambitious trade agenda, leaving no doubt as to its commitment to free trade. The Basic Policy on Comprehensive Economic Partnerships aimed to promote "high-level economic partnerships with major...

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German Nuclear: Green is good Politics

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, May 2011

In polarized politics, the voter must take on faith the wisdom inherent in the principled political position.  Who cannot be impressed by the nuclear catastrophe at Fukushima, especially after living through the fallout from Chernobyl? ...

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L'Allemagne et les "clubs G"

Katharina GNATH et Claudia SCHMUCKER

Note du Cerfa, n°85, mai 2011

Afin de pouvoir défendre ses intérêts - avant tout en matière de politique économique - sur la scène mondiale et coordonner les approches politiques au niveau international, l'Allemagne investit...

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"Turquie/Monde arabe : quel rôle pour la Turquie ?"

Compte-rendu de séminaire

Mai 2011

L'objectif de ce séminaire était de revenir sur la transformation des relations entre la Turquie et les pays arabes au cours de ces dix dernières années. Au-delà des tensions historiques héritées de...

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Decoupling the Oil and Gas Prices - Natural Gas Pricing in the Post-Financial Crisis Market

Miharu KANAI

Note de l'Ifri, May 2011

This paper looks into natural gas pricing in the post-financial crisis market and, in particular, examines the question whether the oil-linked gas pricing system has outlived its utility as global gas markets mature and converge more rapidly than...

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The crisis in Burkina Faso : the divorce of the regime and the people?

L'Afrique en questions n°8,

Hélène Quénot-Suarez, Actuelle de l'Ifri, May 2011

La crise que traverse le Burkina depuis fin mars peut étonner dans ce pays réputé dans la sous-région pour sa paix civile. Pourtant, la « situation nationale », comme la nomment les Burkinabè, est...

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Franco-Turkish visions of a Republic. Interview with Baskın ORAN

Baskın ORAN, Dorothée SCHMID

Note franco-turque n°6 - May 2011

For a long time, the Turkish Republic created by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was regarded by France's elites and political class as a sister republic: secular and Jacobin, the concrete embodiment of the universalism of the shared values of the French...

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The development of Public-Private Partnerships in the European satcom sector

Christophe VENET, Laurence NARDON

The Europe & Space Series #4, May 2011

Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) could help to enhance the societal benefits of communication satellites. However, European public entities must avoid the mistakes made during the Galileo concession negotiations.

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Élections législatives turques de juin 2011 : les règles du jeu

Julien CECILLON

Repères sur la Turquie n°6, 19 mai 2011

Régime politique, mode de scrutin, enjeux politiques et institutionnels : retour sur le cadre juridique des élections législatives turques.

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Les relations Inde-Allemagne, entre dynamisme économique et déphasage géopolitique

Christian WAGNER

Note du Cerfa, n°84, mai 2011

  Les relations entre l’Inde et l’Allemagne présentent un aspect contrasté en raison de la situation indienne elle-même, tiraillée entre modernité et croissance d’une part, pauvreté et...

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Die Herausforderungen der europäischen Bildungspolitik: Ein Balaceakt zwischen "Europe of knowledge" und "European excellence"

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

Europa und die Welt 2020: Entwicklungen und Tendenzen, edited by Andreas Marchetti/Louis-Marie Clouet, Schriften des Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung (ZEI), Vol. 74, Baden-Baden: Nomos 2011

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Hoplites numériques. Le combat d'infanterie à l'âge de l'information

Pierre CHAREYRON

Focus stratégique, n. 30, April 2011

FELIN, the first "integrated soldier system" in the world, will be effective this year in the French Army. Throughout history, infantrymen have tried to capitalize on technology while trying to arbitrate between the three basic requirements that are...

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Fukushima and Democracy

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, May 2011

The double disaster of Fukushima, a natural disaster comprising an earthquake and a tsunami and a large-scale industrial nuclear disaster, behoves all countries to consider the lessons which they can draw from it.But there are two possible ways to...

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Political Oil Prices - A Measured Response if Any

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, May 2011

Oil prices are becoming an increasingly worrisome factor in today’s economies.  They have risen dramatically over the past 6 or 7 months and are now driving inflation in many economies and acting as a drag on nearly all.  They are...

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Integration or Imitation? EU Policy towards its Eastern Neighbourgs

Katarzyna PELCZYNSKA-NALECZ

Programme Geremek, May 2011

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Les mythes sur le déclin de la classe moyenne en Allemagne

Roman Herzog Institut, Dominik H. ENSTE, Vera ERDMANN, Tatjana KLEINEBERG

Note du Cerfa, n°83a, avril 2011

  Le débat sur la « classe moyenne » donne lieu à des malentendus et est source de conflits, alimentant un débat dans les médias allemand sur un risque de déclassement des classes moyennes....

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Equité sociale dans l'OCDE : Où se situe l'Allemagne ? Indicateurs de gouvernance durable 2011

Thorsten HELLMANN, Daniel SCHRAAD-TISCHLER, Robert SCHWARZ

Note du Cerfa, n°83b, avril 2011

Cette étude analyse l’équité sociale des pays de l’OCDE, dont l’Allemagne, au moyen de plusieurs indicateurs. L’étude révèle que la pauvreté monétaire a...

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Europe confronting the degradation of Turkish- Israeli relations: Is there room for arbitration?

Dorothée SCHMID

Israeli European Policy Network Papers, May 2011

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The resurgence of relations between China and Madagascar

Mathieu PELLERIN

Note de l'Ifri, mars 2011

L’acuité de la question chinoise à Madagascar nous offre l’occasion de dresser un état des lieux, inexistant à ce jour, des relations sinomalgaches.Après un rappel de la profondeur historique des...

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La ruée sur les terres agricoles. Quel impact pour l'Afrique?

Alain Antil

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international", Janvier 2011

« Accaparement des terres africaines », « ruées sur les terres africaines », « ruée sur l’or vert africain », « nouvelle colonisation » : depuis deux ans, le sujet fait...

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"Digital Kremlin": Power and the Internet in Russia

Julien NOCETTI

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 59, April 2011

The Russian Internet, which has undergone considerable development in the last decade, remains subject to constant scrutiny from the Kremlin. Digital technology has posed a challenge to the governance and political legitimacy of the ruling class,...

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Кремль "ВКонтакте": власть и интернет в России

Жюльен НОСЕТТИ

Russie.Nei.Visions, n° 59, Апрель 2011

Кремль с большим вниманием следит за...

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Making Sense of One Health

Aline LEBOEUF

Cooperating at the Human-Animal- Ecosystem Health Interface. April 2011

This study aims at showing and making sense of the One Health approach, according to which it is impossible to defeat infectious disease without working at the interface between human health, animal health and the environment. The study also...

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La coopération militaro-industrielle au coeur de la relation indo-russe

Gilles Boquérat

Asie.Visions 37, April 2011

Le renforcement des capacités militaires de l'Inde, qui passe par une nette augmentation du budget consacré à l'acquisition d'armement à l'étranger, suscite bien des convoitises. Cet intérêt est encore...

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The Electric Vehicle in the Climate Change Race. Tortoise, Hare or Both?

Maïté de BONCOURT

Note de l'Ifri, January 2011

Executive Summary Europe is seeking ways to decrease the growing negative impact of passenger cars on climate, currently responsible for up to 12% of total EU CO2 emissions. After biofuels in the nineties and hydrogen in 2000, the new answer to...

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Répondre à l'urgence politique méditerranéenne

Dorothée SCHMID

BEPA Monthly Brief, April 2011, Issue 46

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Gas Pains - What to do about France's Shales

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, April 2011

Like other countries in Europe, France has the potential to produce both oil and gas from shale.  In the Paris Basin, where oil has been exploited for decades, oil shale quite similar to the Bakken play in North America has considerable promise...

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The Governance of Energy Poverty in Southeastern Europe

Stefan BOUZAROVSKI, Robert SARLAMANOV, Saska PETROVA

Europe du Sud-Est n°4, March 2011

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Francs-tireurs et Centurions. Les ambiguïtés de l'héritage contre-insurrectionnel français

Etienne de DURAND

Focus stratégique, n. 29, March 2011

The war in Afghanistan and David Galula’s reputation in the United States have revived France’s counterinsurgency legacy. This legacy must be divided into two separate periods: the colonial era and later on the wars of decolonization...

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Le modèle économique turc: entre succès et écueils résurgents

Rémi BOURGEOT

Repères sur la Turquie n°5, 11 avril 2011

Forte de la stabilité de ses banques dans la crise et d’une croissance de 8.9% en 2010, l’économie turque a de nouveau suscité l'engouement international, conformément à son modèle...

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The G20 from Seoul to Cannes: Towards a global governance committee

LIM Wonhyuk, Françoise NICOLAS

Rapport de l'Ifri, April 2011

After two years of existence at the Heads of State and Government level, the Group of 20 (G20) has reached a turning point. In this new context, a number of questions need to be addressed-in particular, as to how to ensure the transition from a...

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Obama Remarks on Energy: Ball in Congressional Court

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, April 2011

President Obama has made clear that in the 2012 election, he intends to defend his record on energy from the middle.  Starting his remarks with US oil dependence, President Obama tackles the hearty perennial of US energy xenophobia.  Like...

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The rush for agricultural lands. What impact on Africa?

Alain ANTIL

Note de l'Ifri, january 2011

« Accaparement des terres africaines », « ruées sur les terres africaines », « ruée sur l'or vert africain », « nouvelle colonisation » : depuis deux ans, le sujet fait...

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The Water in a Cup of Tea - a Water and Energy Primer

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, March 2011

Ever give a thought to how much water there is in your cup of tea?  I know the volume in the cup is about 8 ounces – but it is hot - hopefully around 100 degrees Celsius or 212 Farenheit.  So you had to heat it up one way or another...

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La réorientation de la croissance chinoise

Jacques MISTRAL

Note de l'ifri, mars 2011

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European Energy Policy: Energy Savings Glass 2/3 Empty

Yamina SAHEB

The Energy Editorial, March 2011

Summing up Europe’s climate policies suggests we still haven’t grasped the full potential for energy savings. We act as if we were living in a system with infinite resources easily exploited by human innovation and ingenuity. We focus on...

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Japan's Nuclear Crisis - a Time for Support

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, March 2011

These are terrifying moments.  No one could ever have imagined that the Japanese nuclear sector could fall victim to such a seismic event.  No country has spent more time building safeguards against seismic events than the Japanese who...

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Mieux gouverner la zone euro : le fragile compromis franco-alllemand

Christian DEUBNER

Note du Cerfa, n°82, mars 2011

  Pour de nombreux observateurs allemands, la politique de l'Union européenne (UE) pendant la crise financière a été trop fortement marquée par les conceptions françaises et aurait enfreint des...

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Rising (oil-linked) gas prices - a message from shale ga

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, March 2011

One benefit that should flow soon from large new sources of shale gas that have been and will be unleashed into world markets – is the realization that gas prices linked to oil prices don’t make sense any more.  The counterintuitive...

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Doing Business in Russia: Informal Practices and Anti-Corruption Strategies

Alena LEDENEVA, Stanislav SHEKSHNIA

Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 58, March 2011

To understand corporate corruption in Russia and to develop both anti-corruption policies at the macro level and anti-corruption strategies at the enterprise level effectively we need to move beyond the predominant corruption paradigm and to...

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Бизнес в России: неформальные практики и антикоррупционные стратегии

Алена ЛЕДЕНЕВА, Станислав ШЕКШНЯ

Russie.Nei.Visions, n° 58, март 2011

Для понимания корпоративной коррупции в...

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Un leadership par la crédibilité - Prospectives franco-allemandes sur l'avenir de l'UE

Andreas MARCHETTI, Louis-Marie CLOUET

Visions franco-allemandes n°18, mars 2011

  Ces Visions franco-allemandes présentent quatre scénarios d’avenir de l’Union européenne (UE) à l’horizon 2020. L’UE dispose incontestablement de ressources politiques et économiques...

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Energy Efficiency: The Commission's complicated calculations

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, March 2011

Who hasn’t heard of the 3x20, those pillars of European energy policy?  And yet who is able to give their exact definition?Recently, the Commission announced that current efforts are insufficient to achieve the third goal, concerning the...

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The effects of Baghdad politics on Kurdistani gas prospect

Sam WILKIN

Actuelles, March 2011

This paper examines the effects of internal Iraqi politics on the potential for exporting Kurdistani natural gas.  It examines Baghdad’s policy with regards to both oil and gas, and predicts what effects it will have on Kurdistan’s...

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GMES, the second flagship

Christophe VENET, Laurence NARDON

The Europe & Space Series #3, March 2011

The Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) Program is often overshadowed by what is perceived to be the flagship program of European space, Galileo. As a matter of fact, GMES is just as important and faces many similar challenges.

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La posture stratégique indienne face au défi pakistanais

Guillem MONSONIS

Focus stratégique, no.28, february 2011

In 1998, Pakistan conducted its first nuclear tests, transforming the regional strategic balance. India's previous posture, based on the Sundarji doctrine, was found to be inadequate in this new context. To break this strategic deadlock, India...

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Migrations et développement: l'enjeu environnemental et l'avenir des politiques migratoires

François GEMENNE

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international" - Mars 2011

This paper analyzes the future of migrations related to climate changes and environment degradations. He shows how the dominant public reasoning remains inappropriate for addressing these issues, because of the Western/Northern countries'...

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Les économies asiatiques face à la crise économique et financière

Françoise NICOLAS

Questions internationales, La Documentation française, n°48, mars-avril 2011.

Dix ans après la crise financière de 1997-98, les économies d’Asie orientale traversent à nouveau une zone de turbulence, sous l’effet de la contagion de la crise économique globale....

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L'Etat palestinien en question

Denis BAUCHARD

Notes de l'Ifri, mars 2010

La marche vers un Etat palestinien est longue et ardue, même si, sur le plan juridique, la création de deux Etats, l'un juif, l'autre arabe, a été prévue dès le plan de partage adopté par le Conseil...

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Developing Research in Russian Universities

Irina DEZHINA

Russie.Nei.Visions, No.57, February 2011

This article addresses the key features and the state of research in Russian higher education establishments. It examines measures taken to support research in universities and to integrate R&D with higher education since the fall of the Soviet...

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Развитие науки в российских вузах

Ирина ДЕЖИНА

Russie.Nei.Visions, n°57, Февраль 2011

В статье рассматриваются вопросы...

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What is a Think Tank?

Thierry de MONTBRIAL

February 28, 2011

When I was laying the foundations for the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) 2 in 1978 and 1979, only a select few in France were familiar with the English term „think tank‟ and had at least an approximate idea of what it...

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Peut-on gouverner la mondialisation ?

Jacques MISTRAL

Note de l'ifri, février 2011

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Strategic Stability in the Cold War: Lessons for Continuing Challenges

David S. YOST

Proliferation Paper, no.36, Winter 2011

During the Cold War, the phrase “strategic stability” gained currency both as a foreign policy objective and as an apt way of describing the fact that the United States and the Soviet Union never actually went to war. To what extent...

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Renewables in Transport: Directive 2009/28/EC - Devils in its Details

Sam WILKIN

Actuelles de l'Ifri, February 2011

This Actuelle precedes a longer and more exhaustive paper on Electric Vehicles, under the title "The Electric Vehicle in the Climate Change Race: Tortoise, Hare or both?" by Maïté de Boncourt As part of the 3*20 targets reached in...

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Reassessing the Role of the Media in Pakistan

Nazir HUSSAIN

Lettre du Centre Asie 56, February 2011

Despite spells of authoritarianism, Pakistan's rulers have never fully been able to subdue the media. In a world where the constant flow of information defies borders, such an endeavor becomes even more difficult. Even the state-controlled Pakistan...

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Le PKK dans l'impasse?

Julien CECILLON

Repères sur la Turquie n°4, 7 février 2011

Dopé depuis 2004 par l’instabilité irakienne, le PKK connaît aujourd’hui une crise : le mouvement est cerné sur le plan diplomatique et confronté à un problème de légitimité...

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Will there ever be a European Gas and Electricity Market ?

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, February 2011

A year ago, I would have responded to this question rather positively.  Nowadays, I am not so sure.  My relative optimism before was based on the replacement of a group of monopoly-holding (at least regionally) national operators, by an...

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Arctic Solutions: The Frozen (Thawing) Relations of the High North

Christopher SUMMERS

Note de l'Ifri, February 2011

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EU Council Feb 4: Strength in Unity

William C. RAMSAY

The Energy Editorial, February 2011

Community officials and heads of EU states and governments will meet this Friday at a Council called by President Herman VAN ROMPUY, to address energy security.  There are many critical topics that could be on the table, but there is some...

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Les camps de réfugiés et la guerre. Du sanctuaire à l'enfermement humanitaire ?

Marc-Antoine PEROUSE de MONTCLOS

Focus stratégique no.27, January 2011

Refugee and IDP camps, intended to protect civilians affected by conflicts and natural disasters, have an undeniable strategic importance, and their management can be critical for the resolution of crises. During the Cold War, camps – often...

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Les Balkans vus de Berlin aujourd'hui

Franz-Lothar Altmann

Note du Cerfa, n°81, janvier 2011

  La Chute du mur et la réunification ont fait de l’Allemagne le partenaire privilégié des Etats de l’Europe du Sud-Est, à même de les soutenir dans leur intégration européenne. Les...

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Un schéma migratoire reconfiguré, dans les faits et dans l'approche politique

Mehdi LAHLOU

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international" - Février 2011

This Note de l'Ifri is the third contribution to The European migration policies from a Southern perspective project, supported by the OCP group.

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German Energy Policy

Jacques LESOURNE

The Energy Editorial, January 2011

On the 28th September 2010, Angela Merkel announced her government’s publication of an “energy concept” describing the target which the Federal Republic hoped to give itself regarding its energy consumption in 2050.  Although...

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China FDI in France: Challenges and Opportunities

Françoise NICOLAS

Transnational Corporations Review, vol. 2, n° 4, December 2010.

Taking France as a case study, the paper suggests explanations for the presence of Chinese firms, assesses in detail the push and pull factors influencing their activities and provides a tentative assessment of possible impacts. The paper shows...

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Final Call for a European Space Strategy

João M. Santos

Europe.Visions, n°8, janvier 2011

Space poses both an opportunity and a challenge for Europe. And so does the new provision of the Lisbon Treaty – article 189 TFEU – that awards the EU an explicit competency on Space. According to most stakeholders, this new EU...

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The French Armenian Diaspora and Turkey: The possibility of dialogue?

Michel MARIAN et Christian MAKARIAN

26 January 2011

  Foreword For several decades, French persons of Armenian origin have played a special role in Franco-Turkish relations.  History explains this.  Armenians originally came to France fleeing the massacres at the end of the Ottoman...

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The Sovereign Debt Crisis and the Future of the Euro

Jacques MISTRAL

Note de l'Ifri, July 2010

The specter of sovereign defaults is back. The roots of a sovereign debt crisis are deep and concern all the industrialized countries. In 2010, those fears coagulated on Greece because Greece was the worst offender. Disgusted by the political...

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Energy Efficiency: Smart but not Sexy

Yamina SAHEB

The Energy Editorial, January 2011

Marie C.DONNELLY, DG Energy, reported that the EU is “unlikely to achieve a 20% reduction on the current set of policies” 1 by 2020. According to her, based on a modelling exercise, the estimate of energy savings “would be...

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Caveats to Civilian Aid Programs in Counterinsurgency. The French Experience in Afghanistan

Amaury de FELIGONDE

Focus stratégique, No 24 bis, December 2010

Amaury de Féligonde has just spent one year in Kapisa and Surobi as a project manager within the Afghan-Pakistan Interministerial Unit. Back in France, he expresses his personal views and draws conclusions from his experience. Thus, he...

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Russian Civil-Military Relations: Is There Something New with Medvedev ?

Thomas GOMART

Civil-Military Relations in Mdevedev's Russia, Stephen J. Blank, Editor

These three chapters originated in an SSI conference in January 2010 and go to the heart of a question of vital significance for both Asia and Russia, namely, what are Russia's prospects in Asia? The three papers outline the challenges Russia...

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The G20 and the Challenge of International Financial Re-regulation

Jacques MISTRAL

Note de l'Ifri, septembre 2010

The crisis, it is now widely accepted, means that markets failed. Meeting for the first time in Washington in November 2008, the G20 embarked in a ride of re-regulation. Months of negotiations later, it dramatically appears different to agree on...

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Les doubles nationaux, enquête sur les nouveaux entrepreneurs au Maroc

Marie BASSI, Christophe BERTOSSI

Programme "Le Maghreb dans son environnement régional et international", décembre 2010

  A partir d'une enquête de terrain réalisée au printemps 2010, cette étude part d'un constat empirique : des Marocains vivant dans un pays du Nord (France, Suède, États-Unis, Canada) et qui, pour...

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What Now for Obama?

Larry J. SABATO

Potomac Paper 6, January 2011

Larry J. Sabato, Professor of Politics at the University of Virginia, provides us with solid historical references and tools of analysis to understand midterms in general and those of 2010 in particular.  He points to the damaging effect of...

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How the Chinese See Russia

Bobo LO

Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 6, December 2010

This essay examines Chinese attitudes toward Russia as a great power, neighbor, partner and competitor. China is in the midst of one of the most remarkable transformations in history.  During this dramatic period, the relationship with Russia...

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Education et formation : entre "Europe de la connaissance" et "excellence européenne"

Nele Katharina WISSMANN

L'Europe et le monde en 2020 Essai de prospective franco-allemande. Andreas Marchetti/Louis-Marie Clouet (éd.), Villeneuve d'Ascq: Septentrion 2011

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L'Islam et les ONG islamiques au Niger

Sylvain TOUATI

Article - janvier 2011

Sylvain Touati est chercheur associé au programme Afrique subsaharienne de l'Ifri. Cet article est paru à l'hiver 2011 dans les Carnets du CAP et est diffusé avec leur aimable autorisation. Pour citer l'article...

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L'économie allemande en sortie de crise. Une surprenante résilience

Rémi LALLEMENT

Note du Cerfa, n°80, décembre 2010

    Déjouant la plupart des prévisions, l’économie allemande se rétablit avec une rapidité surprenante, à peine un an après la crise la plus sévère qu’elle ait...

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The Politics of Amnesty in the Niger Delta. Challenges Ahead

Kathryn NWAJIAKU-DAHOU

Note de l'Ifri, décembre 2010

Armed groups, many affiliated to the Niger Delta-wide political organisation MEND, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta, proliferated throughout the oil producing states, particularly from early 2006 onwards. In January 2006, MEND...

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Involving ʺneo-urbansʺ in the political game. The example of Senegal

Alain ANTIL

Note de l'Ifri, december 2010

Une note rédigée l’an dernier concernait les « émeutes de la faim[1] » en Afrique subsaharienne, et avait permis, entre autre, de pointer l’extrême difficulté des pouvoirs en place...

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Global Governance of Biodiversity : New Perspectives on a Shared Challenge

Mireille Jardin, Raphaël Billé et al., Emma BROUGHTON

Health and Environment Reports, n° 6, December 2010

This report aims to provide a first mapping of the global governance of biodiversity, through an investigation of the interactions between the various actors, institutions, norms, tools and processes that structure it. It chooses to do so by...

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Israel's Immigrant Parties: An Inefficient Russia Lobby

Olena BAGNO, Zvi MAGEN

Russie.Nei.Visions No.56, December 2010

Since 2009 the influence of immigrant party Israel Beiteinu on foreign and security policy in Israel has grown. The party won 15 seats in the 2009 parliamentary elections and its leader, Avigdor Lieberman, became the Minister of Foreign...

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Влияние русскоязычных политических партий на внешнюю политику Израиля

Олена БАГНО, Цви МАГЕН

Russie.Nei.Visions n° 56, Декабрь 2010

Влияние партии иммигрантов «Наш дом...

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Galileo, the long road to European autonomy

Christophe VENET, Laurence NARDON

The Europe & Space series #2, december 2010

Galileo is one of the most ambitious programs ever managed by the EU. As such, it illustrates the challenges and the opportunities offered by the development of a European Space Policy at the political, industrial, economic and international...

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La Communauté de l'Energie : un bilan cinq ans aprè

Adélaïde BOODTS

Note de l'Ifri, December 2010

Il y a cinq ans, le Traité fondateur de la Communauté de l'énergie était signé à Athènes. Cette Communauté a été mise en place spécifiquement pour l’Europe du...

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La contribution japonaise en Afghanistan

Fumio SHIMIZU

Lettre du Centre Asie 55 - décembre 2010

L'opinion exprimée dans ce texte n'engage que son auteur. [1] Neuf ans après la chute du régime taliban, l'Afghanistan continue de faire face à de grands défis pour assurer sa stabilisation et son...

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Les perspectives du Shale Gas dans le monde

Bruno WEYMULLER

Note de l'Ifri, January 2011

Introduction L’arrivée du shale gas aux États-Unis a surpris par son caractère inattendu et la rapidité de son essor. La surprise vient aussi de ce que cette nouveauté concerne une énergie fossile...

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Observatoire de l'Asie du Nord-Est - Septembre 2008-août 2010

Céline PAJON, Valérie NIQUET

Rapport de l'Ifri, Paris, December 2010

Ces notes ont été rédigées dans le cadre de l'Observatoire stratégique de l'Asie du Nord-Est, conduit avec le soutien de la Délégation aux affaires stratégiques (DAS) du ministère de la...

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Beyond the Midterms: The Outlook for the Obama Administration

Report of the Annual Conference on the United States, December 2010

        One month after the midterm elections, it was time to step back and reflect upon the state of affairs at the time and future direction of President Obama’s Administration and deal with which campaign...

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Will we drive electric on Asian batteries?

Maïté de BONCOURT

The Energy Editorial, December 2010

The development of the electric car market, supported by public funding, needs to be monitored closely. Currently, except for Renault benefiting from its electric partnership with Nissan, batteries for electric vehicles will most likely be...

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Cancun : l'Union européenne n'a pas les moyens de ses ambitions

Maïté JAUREGUY-NAUDIN

The Energy Editorial, December 2010

Published in La Trubune, December 3, under the title "Cancun : l'Europe ne donne pas l'exemple".Parce qu’elle a porté le protocole de Kyoto sur les fonts baptismaux, l’UE peine à renoncer au « leadership »...

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L'Indonésie face à la montée en puissance économique de la Chine

Jean-Raphaël CHAPONNIERE

Asie Visions 36, December 2010

L'Indonésie est l'un des rares pays qui, doté de ressources naturelles, a réussi à diversifier son économie en s'engageant dans une stratégie de promotion des exportations manufacturières....

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L'approche transatlantique s'impose : Pour une initiative " éco-écologique " franco-allemande

Nele Katharina WISSMANN, Katrin SOLD

Dokumente/Documents 4/2010

  L’Union européenne a su laisser son empreinte sur un sujet incontournable à l’échelle internationale : la politique climatique. Ce thème est ainsi devenu le sujet phare de la politique...

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Neue Impulse aus Paris und Berlin? Finanzmarktreform im transatlantischen Spannungsverhältnis

Nele Katharina WISSMANN, Katrin SOLD

Dokumente/Documents 4/2010

  Les relations transatlantiques occupent une place centrale dans les politiques étrangères de la France et de l’Allemagne. Néanmoins, des dissensions voient régulièrement le jour entre les...

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L'intégration des immigrés d'origine turque en Allemagne

Martina SAUER

Note du Cerfa, n°79, novembre 2010

  Les questions d’immigration et d’intégration, focalisées particulièrement sur la minorité turque, ont été au cœur du débat politique en Allemagne cet automne, avec la...

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Serbia's Economy in a regional, EU and international context

Adélaïde BOODTS

South-East Europe n°3, December 2010

Issue d’un ensemble plus vaste qu’était la Yougoslavie, la Serbie, comme ses voisins, a fait face à un défi de taille. Ce défi consistait notamment à mettre en place un système économique...

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Fragile colosse du monde multipolaire

Thomas GOMART

Revue des deux mondes, octobre-novembre 2010, p 76-84

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Des Directives à la Charte: Une lecture critique de la politique européenne de lutte contre la discrimination raciale

Dorothée PRUD'HOMME

Note du programme Migrations, Identités, Citoyenneté, Novembre 2010

Depuis une quinzaine d'années, l'Union européenne met en place des outils législatifs, institutionnels, financiers et politiques pour lutter contre la discrimination raciale de façon cohérente et...

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