Conflicts in the Near and Middle East, attempts at settling them and developments in this region have always been a matter of great concern in Ifri's research and debates. The Middle East Programme focuses on three major topics:
- the reconstitution of the Arab world further to the American armed intervention in Irak and further to the withdrawal process of the foreign troops; it means an in-depth analysis of post Sadam Hussein Irak's evolution and of the consequences on relations with Arab countries resulting from a Shiite majority power;
- changes in Israeli policy further to the armed intervention in Gaza and to the appointment of the Netanyaou Government which came to power following February 2009 elections. What are the consequences on the peace process with Palestinian and, more generally speaking, on relations with Arab countries? What role can play US and Europe in helping the negotiations to be resumed?
- Iran's evolution after the contested presidential elections of June 2010. More specific attention is devoted to the three following issues:
- changes in the domestic policy dominated by strong tensions and a crackdown on the protest movement
- a foreign policy delivering an aggressive speech while intending to make Iran become a regional power at the head of the "organized resistance" and consequently an essential actor on the scene of Middle East
- the problems raised by the determination of the Iranian Government to assert its "nuclear sovereignty".